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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mason Notetaker on Tuesday March 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to history 1020 at Auburn University taught by Michael B. Smith in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views.
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Date Created: 03/08/16
Lecture 021: China The Sui Dynasty: Unified China after 400 years of fragmentation Only 2 emperors: Wen Di & Yang Di Re-established Confucianism Also encouraged Buddhism Great Canal built, connected North & South China Set stage for tang Dynasty Tang Dynasty: Equal land distribution Est. mints and copper coins State exams = competent government officials Greater exposure to outside world through trade contacts Great age for art and culture Examples: Empress Wu Early Tang Emperors: Li Yuan = Gaozou o Equal field system o Wanted to give land to the people o Very forward looking ideas o Wanted one set of laws for all o Laws had to be reviewed every 20 years Li Shimin = Tang Taizong o Public relations genius o Pushed father off the throne o Pleased the Historians Empress Wu o Historians very interested in her sex life o People say she is the reason the Tang fell Civil Service in Tang China: Revived from Han tradition In Tang era, based on Confucian, Daoist, & Buddhist texts Open to most males & allowed for some social mobility Furthered pattern of education & government that th continued into the 20 century Tang Summary: Population centered shifted to center and south New strains of rice = 2 harvests/year = population growth, urban growth, & increased trade Islamic incursions into Central Asia ca 750s onward reversed trend of westward expansion Large empire = large centralized government = expensive government = high taxes = poverty, famine, & unhappy people = rebellion Song Dynasty: Drift away from Tang Buddhism & toward Neo- Confucianism Introduced paper money Introduced movable type China saw massive population growth = 5 cities with over 1 million people Genghis Khan: Originally named Temujin United Mongols around 1206 Led them in invasions of China, Central Asia< & Iran First invasion of China 1215-1219; Genghis Khan left generals in charge Mongol invasions were especially violent Yuan Dynasty: Mongols were generally religiously tolerant Mongol religion was shamanistic with emphasis on the sky god, Tengri Yuan relied on non-Chinese foreigners for government Mongols conquered China military, but were ultimately conquered by China culturally. Yuan Dynasty & Khubilai Khan: Established Yuan Dynasty in 1280 Realized that China could be conquered on horseback but not ruled on horseback = Mongols need to adapt if they wanted to rule China Tension between “old school” Mongols & Sinicized Mongols Welcomed foreigners The Ming Dynasty: War against Mongol Yuan Dynasty Perfected civil service with restoration of exams and heavy punishments Heavily centralized rule under powerful emperors, civil servants, eunuchs, and spies Incessant war with Mongols and Jurchen Rebuilt Grand Canal Zheng He and the Chinese Navy (30,000 men on a single voyage!) Forbidden City built Had spies to keep an eye out on their bureaucrats, made sure the civil services were not corrupt Corrupt bureaucrats would be imprisoned if they were caught, as well as physically punished with sticks of bamboo until the bamboo broke.
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