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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mason Notetaker on Tuesday March 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to history 1020 at Auburn University taught by Michael B. Smith in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.
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Date Created: 03/08/16
Lecture 022 Korea and Japan Korea in 500 CE 3 Korean kingdoms Korguryo Paekche amp Silla 1 Japanese kingdom Kaya Sinicizication was greatest in north States fought each other and China Silla emerged as most powerful Korea Under the Koryo Dynasty Continued borrowing from Chinese Centralized government amp bureaucracy on Confucian model Usually good relations with China but usually at war with Manchus amp other northerners thus Korea s own quotGreat Wallquot Korean amp the Yi Choson Dynasty Korean General Yi Songgye allied with Ming China to overthrow Koryo Yi Dynasty ruled Korea for 500 years Capital city Chosen thus Yi sometimes called Choson Dynasty Used Confucian ideals to create strati ed hierarchical society Scholarship ourished amp Korea was home to one of the most developed printing industries in the world Mythical Origins of Empire Mythological origins claim to go back to 7th century BCE First mythical emperor Jimmu son of sun goddess Ameratsu Jimmu married daughter of storm god Susanoo Made province of Yamato center of power Yamato Era Japan Yamato kings uni ed Japan under one ruler King had both kingly amp priestly duties Relations with both China amp Korea Buddhism amp Confucianism enterJapan amp blend with native Shinto religion 552710 era of reform known as Asuka Era Soga family dominated political life from 587 onward Teno emperor quotSon of Heavenquot came into use around this time Prince Sh toku Member of Soga family Promoted Buddhism amp Confucianism in Japan Improved relations with Sui China amp increased borrowing of Chinese ideas and technology Assigned ranks to civil servants greater hierarchy amp standardization in government 17 Article Constitution outlined responsibilities amp rights of rulers amp ruled based on Confucianism amp Buddhism Taika Reform amp Taiho Code Together they set patterns of gov t in Japan that lasted 1200 years Taika Reform 0 Abolished private land ownership amp made emperor owner of all land 0 Established provinces amp officials 7 took responsibility for infrastructure 0 Conducted census amp redistributed land according to need 0 Rewrote tax codes Taiho Code established imperial advisory council as well as eight ministries amp outlined responsibilities of each one Nara Japan 0 City of Nara was 1st permanent capital Buddhism became more popular in Japan so popular that there were reactions against it 0 Last era of empresses after that time all emperors were male 0 Continued Sinicization Early Japanese written literature as well as lots of copying of Buddhist texts Heian Japan 0 Court moved to Kyoto Shogun quotbarbarian subduing generaquot originally title given to military leader who fought against Ainu Fujiwara family was power behind the throne Fujiwara daughters married emperors while Fujiwara men became Shogun Tale of Genji world s rst novel one ofjapan s literary classics Image the angry ghosts of Michizane the exiled scholar brings destruction to his enemies Kamakura Japan Samurai armored cavalry Bakufu tent government Shogun was center of real power emperor was revered gurehead Kamikaze typhoons 39divine wind defeats Mongol invasion twice Pure Land Zen amp Nichiren Buddhism developed in Japan lmage quotTaima Mandalaquot showing Amida Buddha Savior Buddha amp other Pure Land themes Ashikaga Japan Dates not universally agreed upon some push Ashikaga all the way to 1573 Onin War civil war that resulted in decline of Ashikaga power amp increase in regionally power Daimyo quotgreat namequot feudal lords who dominated this era Bushido warrior code followed by samurai lmage samurai armor allegedly belonging to Ashikaga Takauji founder of Ashikaga shogunate To learn more and get OneNote visit wwwonenotecom
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