Popular in World History II
Popular in Department
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mason Notetaker on Tuesday March 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to history 1020 at Auburn University taught by Michael B. Smith in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views.
Reviews for notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 03/08/16
SI Review Session November 3rd Yuan Dynasty: Mongol conquering of China Need to adapt if they want to rule successfully Tension between “old school” Mongols and Sinicized Mongols resettled in civil war Welcomed foreigners Nationalities Policy divided people based on ethnicity Nationalities Policy: Military Elite – Mongols Foreigners – everyone not Mongol or Chinese o Many people (Euro) traveled here to work, benefit from trade, took over as civil servants o Marco Polo Han Chinese – Northern Chinese Song Chinese – Southern Chinese o Hard for both Chinese classes to get into civil service exams, military, or advance in society Marco Polo: Rich from 4th Crusade and established business contacts in many areas When in jail, told a friend of his travels in China The Travels of Marco Polo o European view of the far east became solely based on this fictional book and influenced many political and economic decisions. Ming Dynasty: The war against the Mongol Yuan Dynasty chased them back north and the Ming was established Perfected civil service, restored civil service and heavy punishments Highly centralized, increase in spies Rebuilt Grand Canal and Forbidden City Yang He Yang He: Chinese navy showed off power and ability, but ended abruptly o In theory could have reached Americas Admiral in Navy Unic – castrated male, worked delicate tasks in government o No dynasty Lecture 22 – Korea & Japan: Korea in 500 CE 3 Korean Kingdoms o Korguryo, Paekche, & Silla 1 Japanese Kindom o Kaya Sinicization was greatest in the North States fought each other Koryo Dynasty: 2 First to unite Korea under one government Continued to borrow from Chinese Centralized government and bureaucracy on Confucian model Usually good Chinese relations, but usually had wars with Manchus & other northerners o Led to the creation of their own “Great Wall” Yi (Choson) Dynasty: Korean General Yi Song-gye allied with Ming China to overthrow Koryo Yi ruled Korea for 500 years Capital City = Choson Used Confucianism ideals to create stratified hierarchical society Scholarship and print making increased o Extensive libraries and book making Mythical Origins of Japanese Empire: Mythological origins claim to go back to 7th Century BCE First mythical Emperor: Jimmu, son of sun goddess, Ameratsu Jimu married daughter of storm god, Susanoo Made province of Yamato center of power Yamato Era Japan: Yamato kings unified Japan under one ruler Kingly and Priestly duities Relations with both China and Korea 3 Buddhism and Confucianism enter Japan and blen with native Shinto religion 552-710: Asuka Era of reform Soga family dominated political life from 587 onward Tenn-œmperor, “Son of Heaven” came into use Prince Shōtoku Member of Soga family Promoted Buddhism and Confucianism in Japan Improved relatons with sui China and increased borrowing of Chinese ideas and technology Assigned ranks to civil servants – greater hierarchy and standardization in government 17 Article Constitution – outlined responsibilities and rights of rulers and ruled Taika Reform & Taiho Code: Together set patterns of gov in Japan that lasted 1200 years Taika reform Taiho Code – established imperial advisory council as well as eight…. Taika Reform: Abolished private ownership & made emperor owner of all land (former landowners kept their land but now served at pleasure of Emperor) Established provinces & officials 7 took responsibility for infrastructure Conducted census & redistributed land according to need 4 Rewrote tax codes Nara Japan: 1st permanent capital of Japan Buddhism became more popular in Japan, enough that there were reactuins against it (anti-Buddhust movement) Last era of emperesses after that time were male Continued Sinicization (land reform, gov structure, literatures) Early Japanese Heian japan: Court moved to Kyoto Shogun – “barbarian subduing general” o Originally title given to military leader who fought against Ainu Fujiwara family was power behind the throne; daughters married emperors while men became shogun Tale of Genji – world first novel and one of Japan’s literary classics Image: The angry ghost of Michizane Kamakura Japan Samurai – armored cavalry Bakufu – tent government Shogun was center of real power; emperor was revered figure head Kamikaze typhoons (“divine winds”) defeates Mongol invastion twice 5 Pure Land, Zen, and Nichiren Buddhism developed in Japan Image – “Tamia Mandla” showing Amida Buddha Ashikaga Japan: 1467-1477: Onin War o Civil war that resulted in decline of Ashikaga power and increase in regional power Daimo – “Great name” feudal lords who dominated this era Bushido – warrior code followed by samurai Image – samurai armor allegedly worn by To learn more and get OneNote, visit www.onenote.com. 6
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'