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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mason Notetaker on Tuesday March 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to history 1020 at Auburn University taught by Michael B. Smith in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views.
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Date Created: 03/08/16
Lecture 023 - Medieval Africa: Christian Nubia: 500s Nubia was a spiritual battleground for competing interpretations of Christianity Nubia successfully defended itself against early Muslim invasions in mid-600s Political unification resulted in theological unity, & Nubia adopted Miaphysite Coptic Christianity Muslim incursions chipped away at Christian Nubia, until the independent kingdoms disappeared in the 15 th century Ethiopia Under Zagwe: Claimed to have married in Aksumite royal family Capital at Adafa Stone-cut churches of Emperor Lalibela Succumbed to rebellion ca 1270 Ethiopia under Solomonid Kings: Overthrew Zagwe around 1270 Kebra Negast: history explaining Solomonid descent from Queen Sheba & King Solomon Ethiopia as “the New Zion” Spread Christianity via missionaries & monasteries Survived until 1974 CE Swahili City-States: The Swahili coast of East Africa was a land of city-states They were the eastern terminus of trade across the Indian Ocean They traded goods from India, Arabia, & the Mediterranean world City-state of Kilwa was best known of the Swahili states Kilwa: Medieval Kilwa not same as modern Kilwa International city of African, Arabian, Persian, & Indian influence Perfect location for monsoon system trading Ancient Ghana: Not exactly the same as modern Ghana Also named Wagadu; “Ghana” means “king” Kumbi Saleh: capital Extensive trade relations with Islamic North Africa Ghana traded gold for salt & ivory War with Berber Almoravids in 1050s weakened Ghana Kings eventually adopted Islam, as did many of their subjects Mali: Replaced Ghana as major regional power in 1200s Controlled western end of Saharan trade Controlled gold trade Leaders were Muslim & encouraged Islamic education Counted as one of the great world kingdoms Sundita: Founder of Empire of Mali 1230 or 1235: defeated rival king, Sumanguru 2 1240: destroyed Kumbi (Ghana) made Mali great merchant Empire Biography became subject of oral history/epic poem sung by griots Mansa Musa: Ruled Mali at its height Made international impression during his hajj Spent so much money in Egypt that he de-stabilized the local economy for years On his return journey to Mali, he collected many scholars whom he brought back to Timbuktu Sankore Mosque and University became major center for Islamic Learning in west Africa To learn more and get OneNote, visit www.onenote.com. 3