Week 3 notes
Popular in Social Psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Haley J Schuhl on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 223 at Illinois State University taught by Glenn Reeder in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
Mondav 83114 0 Writing assignment How well do you know yourself 0 We often think in ways that build our selfesteem or in ways that protect it Q Selfserving causal attributions are when you attribute good outcomes to yourself whereas bad outcomes you s blame on someone else 0 Self handicapping If you put yourself to the test you might fail so you might want to selfsabotage so you have an excuse for why you failed maintains your selfesteem C Downward comparisons it hurts to compare yourself to someone superior to you so most people like to compare themselves to someone who is worse off 0 Social Behavior of the Week Describe an occasion when you or someone you know demonstrated such a bias 100 word minimum double spaced printed out and turned in on Friday 0 Causal attribution we try to understand the causes of behavior We might consider internal within the person and external having to do with the environment or situation causes to why someone behaves a certain way 0 Why do we make causal attributions Curiosity prediction control wants to understand other people 0 Kelley s covariation model of causal attribution Describes how we make external vs internal attributions Example your friend Charlie likes a Ferris Bueler s Day Off Consensus Do other people besides Charlie like the movie Consistency How does Charlie respond on other occasions of watching the movie O 0000 Distinctiveness How does charlie respond to other movies Does he like most movies he sees Maybe he just likes watching movies If he hates most other movies he has high distinctiveness 0 High consensus high consistency and high distinctiveness would lead us to make external attributions to Charlie s actions 0 The covariation model requires that we observe a person on multiple occasions C Discounting principle applies to first meetings 0 Example Princess Diana most of the population liked her and when the paparazzi chased her limo and it flipped over people were quick to blame the paparazzi Later we found out that the driver s blood alcohol content was 23 O Discounting principle is when we downplay potential causes when other causes are present Wednesdav 9215 Classroom demonstration questioners and answers the class felt like the team that was picking and asking questions have more general knowledge than the group answering the questions Usually we discount the internal cause the actor of a behavior if a situational cause is present Lee Ross had one group ask questions to another group and the observers see the questionasking group to seem more intelligent Bias in attribution O Fundamental attribution error FAE people in Western cultures not including India tend to explain other people s behavior by personal causes rather than situational causes People underestimate the power of a situation Selfserving bias we tend to take credit for success but not for failures 0 quotSuccess has 100 father but failure is an orphan Naive realism believing that we see events objectively as they really are we want to think that we aren t biased 0 False consensus effect we overestimate the extent to which others share our opinions and beliefs social proiection we think that people are like us 0 So when people disagree with us we see them as irrational or biased O The Bias Blind Spot we see others as having biases but see ourselves as objective It s hard to recognize the biases that we have Social COgnition the study of how people perceive remember and interpret information Information processing sequence Selectivity in attention we only pay attention to certain things encoding into short or long term memory retrieval being able to recall something from memory Priming recently used concepts come to mind easily Friday 914115 Social Behavior of the Week due Fri 911 Are you a low or high selfmonitor High selfmonitors act differently from one situation to the next they take advantages of the social rewards in each environment Low selfmonitors tend to be more consistent no matter the situation Describe yourself and provide a specific detailed example Priming recently used concepts come to mind easily and influence our impressions of others Expectations and confirmation bias we tend to see and encode only what we were expecting people can watch a presidential debate and think that their favorite candidate did the best because they expected them to in the example of the Trayvon Martin case people stuck to their opinions even after the trial was completed we selectively look for information to support our beliefs 0 When evidence is mixed we interpret it as support we may even then hold more extreme polarized opinions C Perseverance of beliefs once beliefs are formed people hold onto them 0 People were told stories about firefighters either positive or negative and then they form a conclusion THen they were told that they stories were fake but most people stuck to their conclusion 0 Selffulfilling prophecy our expectations create reality things we expect to happen actually happen 0 Rosenthal and Jacobson experiment Teachers were told that a handful of student are going to bloom this year and make big strides in their education These kids were chosen at random and the kids actually advanced more than the other kids in the class probably because the teacher expected them to and spent extra time working with them 0 Coaches have high expectations for certain athletes they want to work hard so they don t disappoint their coach and get specialized attention and end up being successful like the coach expected 0 Contrast effect we perceive stimuli that differ from our expectations as even more different 0 Realtors might show an overpriced small house to them first so when they see the real houses they think they re great 0 Overconfidence we overestimate the accuracy of our judgements C Heuristics simple rules of thumb that frequently lead to error 0 Availability heuristic we estimate the likelihood of events by how easily they come to mind
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