New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

week 6

by: Jess Albericci

week 6 History 1010

Jess Albericci

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

these notes cover the renaissance, early modern encounters in the indian ocean
World History 1
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in World History 1

Popular in History

This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jess Albericci on Tuesday March 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 1010 at Auburn University taught by McLean in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see World History 1 in History at Auburn University.


Reviews for week 6


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/08/16
Jessica Albericci November 30 2015 Early Modern Encounters in the Indian Ocean 1500-1700  First time where connections cause results all over the world  Europeans join network o Vasco de Gamo- successfully sails around south africa coast, lands in india by 1498, by 1500 he sets up Portuguese trading post. o Portuguese are the first to figure out a way to get to the east indies by boat  Factors that made european interations in the indian ocean different from those in the Americas o Shared currency- silver trade in the americas.. spainards use silver as money in the americas, but the incas and native societies used them for rituals, jewelry, honorary society… spainards didn’t value silvers the same way. Americans traded and valued different things th  By the 16 century silver is a global currency. If it isnt local currency, the greater community still realizes the value. o Shared biology-  Convergence and divergence. Convergent populations share ideas, technology, biology. Aztec sufferers of Smallpox. Animal world of americas/afroeurasia is completely transformed  Divergent worlds are opposite  The Europeans are not as surprised by the contact o Familiar understandings of the world-  The world view of a member of one court doesn’t have the same world view as a member of another countries court  People have been around enough to understand how trading takes place, how to interact with foreigners  Different from the americas… cortez was able to take advantadge of the way the incas dealt with diplomacy  Europeans come from a similar world and no how to interact wih people in the idian ocean o Existing trade networks  Trade networks in the americas were interupted by disease, conquest, and various american groups  In indian ocean world the europeans are clearly the new guys, europeans have to find a way to integrate themselves that survive based on mutual benefit.  Example- matteo ricci(1552-1610) sponsered by port to live in china and be a priest for several decades. During protestant reformation..catholics lost some of their power. In attempt to get converts to atholic church to combat the growing pressure and presence of protestants in europe  Spokesperson for catholicism o Competition among Europeans  Religious differences  Merchantilism  Local populations take advantage of those differences for their own beneift  Tokugawa 1600-1868 in Japanese history. Powerful leader is constantly fighting revolts within japan, political and social balance during 16 /17 century is very delicate.. europeans are a threat to this balance. Portugese are greeted by elite but not the leader, he is not praticularly happy about their presence bc they are trying to convert the japanese. The dutch come along, 1602 found the dutch east india company. Start building own little factories one on the southern most island of Japan. Start trading with japanese… crash with the portuguese bc the dutch are protestant, and the portuguese are catholic. Dutch are “less moral” but are not interfering in other societies religious views. 1639 the shogun/leader passes a series of laws that no foreigner is allowed into japan, and no citizen is allowed to leave. 1 exception is the dutch, the dutch are allowed inside of Japan. Portuguese get kicked out  The global network o Spice islands are in south pacific, essentially indonesia o Strait of malacca, if you want to go from indian ocean to australia/ etc you have to go through there o In portuguese set up a trading post at the strait of malacca, started taxing people who went through the strait o This upsets the muslim population of the phillipines and malaysia  Europeans were the least influential player in the indian ocean trade network before 1500 nd December 2 2015 Guano is bird shit. Spice wars- 1602-1658 Portugese forced to leave the strait of malacca Early modern world by 1790  Early modern period is roughly between 1492-1790  Defining characteristics o Globalization- first time in human history that no part of the world is isolated  Mass movement of ppl and goods  Mercantilism and colonialism  New(Additonal) centers of power o The early modern world system in action: tea  Global “division of labor” o Mercantilism  An economic system  There are a finite number of resources in the world  Europe doesn’t have natrual resources  British like their tea, have to trade with chinese for tea with something other than tea, by the 18 century they trade with opium October 28, 2015 Renaissance  Not just a cultural and art movement  Humanism  Pre­humanist vs Humanist  Humanism­ an acto f questioning and celebrating what makes us human o Greater focus on secular life rather than the diving(thiugh religion is still  important) o Exploration of the world around them o Returning to the classics, greek and roman texts to try and make sense of the  world around them, ideally in the original language to answer questions o Focus on rational explanations to secular problems, rather than religious  explanations… evidence they use are classical texts  Humanist: shadows and highlights, ideal drawings coming from observations, use of  color increases sense of depth and proportion, a lot more women(as potential  mythological figures).  o Life is better in the humanistic era, people have more money, the black death is  over. People start to enjoy life and stop worrying about what happens in the after  life and start to focus on the present day.  o Focusing on the life you have in front of you, exploring the question of what  makes us human? o Poetry, Skill of speaking, politics, language, what is the best form of govt? how  can we learn from the past to make things better in the future? o Leonardo Da Vinci­ Typical ren man, can speak well, can be involved  in politics, speaks other languages, can produce art, can write poetry. All are required to be  considered a well rounded educated person at the time  Doing autopsies, truly trying to discover what makes us human o Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel Ceiling  Spreading the News 1400­1600 o Ideas spreading o you need a lot of money, time, people, resources to produce books before the  printing press o 1454 the first printing press with moveable type is created in Europe o The technologies that have come through the silk road are utilized to use printing  press. Paper, ink, etc o Books, advertisements, etc. faster and cheaper than killing a bunch of animals o By 1500 there are 6 million books printed in Europe o Now news can also spread faster, info in the books can be read by other people  who can read to people who cant o Ideas are now spreading rapidly from Italian city states Protestant Reformation 1500­1650  Christian Humanists o What defines Christian Humanists? An emphasis on the translation of the bible  into all languages of the world, and an emphasis on individuals studying the  original bible(not reading a secondary source)  Criticismstof the Church (western/catholic) o 1  issue of latin­ not many people speak latin, but all religious ceremonies take  place in latin peasant cant learn about the bible because they cant read the bible  or understand the services. People think everyone should be able to understand  the bible o Access to Church positions  In order to be a priest you need to be able to read  education  money.  Majority of clergy members are members of the upper class. Problem bc  the word of god should be available to everyone  Not fair, goes beyond original intent of Christianity  o Indulgences  Buying you time out of hell or purgartory  An act or ritual in order to answer a sin  It turned into people donating money to answer their sins  Buying a piece of “paper” to save yourself, but only if you have the  money to do that  Problematic bc no one actually has a say on how many good acts you need to do to be “saved”, wealthy can sin all they want and still go to heaven bc they have money to get out of it, aka heaven is only for wealthy people  Protestant Reformation o Martin Luther… grew up son of a farmer, went to law school, didn’t find his  passion bc he was so busy thinking about saving his soul. Leaves law and  becomes a monk, as a monk he is constantly questioning himself and theology.  Gets PhD in theology, looks at bible in original text and comes across  “challenges”  Reads “only those who have faith will be saved” realizes it doesn’t say  anything about going to a priest or paying money  Wants to get Christianity back to its roots o 95 Theses­ 95 argument/document on practices of the church and nailed them to a church door in Germany on October 31 , 1517  thought he would start a debate about the 95 different topics and about  what was right/wrong. Wanted to urge people to remember what  Christianity was all about  no one took him seriously at first, pope accuses Luther of being a drunk  his word spreads through the printing press, becomes a mass movement to  question the catholic church when the church tries to silent/ignore him  Black Death Things are looking up but by the 14 century the black death comes up Origins th  Not new in the 14 century  It was around in asia for about 2600 years before it spread across Europe/n. Africa  1320s starts spreading across steps, 1340s its in eastern Europe, by 1347 its is in Italy and the Italian peninsula, 1350 its in north Africa and all of Europe Pathology- causes and effects of the disease  cause o bacterium that has evolved over centuries and is praticuarly deadly o bacterium lives well in burrowing rodents, particularly the black rat o rats like warm dark areas like boats, backs rooms etc. they have diets that are similar to humans and hang out around them o bacteria can live in rodents consistently endemically o rats and other rodents carried fleas fleas infect humans human is infected and cycle continues o when does it jump from rat population to human population? Rat dies, fleas jump to humans  effects o bacteria makes it way through blood stream of human o symptoms are seen through the lymphnodes at first. Swollen lymph nodes “buboes” o gangrene, kills extremity flesh o when you breathe/cough/sneeze you can spread the disease also more deadly o 5-6 days you are dead 60% of the time Prime Condition for Plague?  Trade routes  Environmental conditions- bacteria deos well in hot and humid environments. In early part of 14 century the world is drying out so rats try to find themselves in places like boats where they are warm  Had most impact in cities. Center for trade networks, especially port cities, more densely populated Contemporary Explanations  Christian World o Turned to religion o Argued that it was God’s wrath for the sins of individuals and societies at large. o God caused it, but how is it being spread? o Spread through “bad air” in western Europe  Islamic World o God’s Will (not Gods wrath) o Aren’t praying for own salvation, they pray for the end o Not as much of a panic o More creative with medicinal cures to the plague Reactions  Popular Response o Fear, terror, freaking out. o If they believed in “bad air” there was a lot of fleeing to the country side(wealthy) o Social unrest among the poor o Flagellants- expediate their sins by punishing their own bodies o Scapegoating- people blaming other people for things they cant explain  Official Response o Doctors/polticians look for a solution logically o Doctors start embracing Islamic medicine, go outside of church and convent o Public health procedures- start figuring out they need to quarantine communities.  Cant trade with other towns/other boats Long term effects  Population drops dramatically 20 million people in 5 years 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.