LING 1010 Lecture 13 Notes
LING 1010 Lecture 13 Notes LING 1010
Popular in Introduction to Languages and Linguistics
Popular in Linguistics and Speech Pathology
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Skinger on Tuesday March 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to LING 1010 at University of Connecticut taught by Hendrikus Van Der Hulst in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Languages and Linguistics in Linguistics and Speech Pathology at University of Connecticut.
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Date Created: 03/08/16
Lecture 13: The Poverty of Stimulus Argument We can find out what babies know by observing their behavior. For example, we can measure the rate if their sucking on a pacifier when prompted with different stimuli. WH Movement Structure Dependant Words such as what and how can be moved around in an otherwise unchanging phrase to create completely different meanings. o When [did the boy say] [he fell out of the tree] o [Did the boy say] when [he fell out of the tree] The movement of auxiliary verbs also changes meaning meaning is dependant on structure o The girl is sick o Is the girl sick Poverty of Stimulus Argument If the input is so poor that some aspects of language are not shown or represented, but somehow the child exhibits those properties anyway, then Chomsky concluded that those properties must be innate. Stages of Language Development Stages differ from culture to culture because children are raised differently Children pick up properties of language before they can say their first words Deaf children babble with their hands Face to face interactions with a living person are needed for a child to be able to learn a language a language learning TV program for kids really doesn’t do anything. Stages progress along a roughly similar timeline for all children Stage 1 (08 weeks) vegetative and reflexive sounds Stage 2 (820 weeks) laughing or cooing Stage 3 (1630 weeks) experimenting with vocalizations Stage 4 (2550 weeks) Reduplicative babbling Stage 5 protowords and nonreduplicative babbling Stage 6 Single words Stage 7 2 word phrases Could be pre syntax or the beginning of syntax. Could be an ability that evolved independently which we share with other species. Telegraphic Stage “Sentences” are like a telegram, they have no endings. Grammar and syntax are developing o Ex: Daddy come home? Languages aren’t learned, but develop (grow). Birds Also learn their songs in stages (stepwise). If they don’t learn their song during that time period, they never will be able to. (Critical period) Some have innate songs (like the Cuckoo), but most have to be exposed to their songs, listen to them, in order to learn them.
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