In Translation The Tales of Hans Christian Andersen
In Translation The Tales of Hans Christian Andersen LITTRANS 275
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Date Created: 09/17/15
100810 Bildung Novel Bildungsroman 0 Young man has pleasant childhood 1 Leaves on a journey through life 2 Makes good and bad choices 3 Aided by wise peoplegood woman 4 Gains wisdom learns good and evil 5 Integrated into society marriage Differences between Bildung and ProppR Person is educated in Bildung novels The Traveling Companion 7 Johannes goes to sleep before his test The Garden of Eden Happy prince has a library full of books Not enough still does not know where Eden is Need more than just book knowledge Prince gets lost nds the cave of the winds Where his education starts Told the story of the phoenix Symbol of rejuvenation eternal life Parallel to the Tree of Knowledge Garden of Eden 7 place of beauty island of bliss pure happiness Prince is chosen and gets to go East wind carries prince on his back and takes him on journey Goal gain knowledge to know the distinction between good and evil hubris nemesis 7 thinks he can do much better than Adam did Overwhelmed by the beauty he sees Eros and Thanatos 7 negative lovephysical love eros and death thanatos 7 decay destruction a Garden of Eden sinks not pure innocent love agape punishment from God to man Complete parallel to Adam and Eve Fairy princess 7 symbol of ultimate temptation siren and mermaid in one Prince fails he is expelled from Garden of Eden Gets the certainty of death He will wander around of x number of years and then death will take him Prolonged fate through sinful life Femme fatale 7 fatal woman Felix Culpa 7 the fortunate fall Sometimes protagonist has to fail to move on He is human too meant to fail all destined to die at the end Good deeds are the only door to paradise through your own choices Soren Kierkegaard Man is the master of his own fate Divided existence and man s condition into 3 levels 1 Have to exist as a human that can make choices 7 Aesthetic phase living in the moment followed by thoughts of doubt that this can not last forever 2 Ethical level 7 become person who makes choices based on your judgment of what is right and what is wrong a choice is always being made whether you make it on your own or not 3 Religious level 7 need to make a leap of faith suspend your common sense belief to reach out to God and have an individual relationship eX Abraham and Isaac a Abraham did it because God commanded it God is bigger than the ethical The Prince and the Merman Folk tale Merman to claim the child at the age of 12 Child grows to be a gardener Garden has to be maintained to remain beautiful Approaches atree 7 infused with beauty Water 7 water of life a hair shines like gold water dies giving him life The stall with donkey and lion run from snake No ending Absorbing the beauty of the world around him 2 realms man and merman cannot coexist King made hasty promise bargained as a Christian man with heathen powers pagan forces prevailed Nature helps the prince get back to land The Merman FeliX culpa Old man young woman theme No sympathy for old merman Culture vs nature Fishing 7 ruining nature Woman is domesticated longing for home Brother is redundant Love makes blind merman is deceived MiXing culture mixing nature is a deadly thing to do Princess marries prince fish Stay true to who you are Lit Trans 275 Lecture Notes 10112010 0 The Angel Sweet story The Dying Child in the Garden of Eden a quest to the joining God after having found knowledge It s di erent kind of knowledge from the knowledge that we found from the cave of the wings but it is definitely good knowledge A good child Nostalgia important here because the child gets a chance to say goodbye to the people he loves Upward movement Andersen as usual signifies an upward movement as positive gt Romanticism Dream amp Reality Choice The Kiss is the seal just like what we saw in the Dying Child God uses the kiss as a seal that gives life in di erent ways Dying Child death The Angel owers kissed are given life The owers dream the ower stood for was the dream of eternal life 0 Moving Day Broken pot broken child Dry wild ower dry child Semidarkness shadow existence imagination dream and reality death amp the ower love of the ower god39s kiss elevation o Romanticism The individual and his her experience Intuition Imagination Instinct 0 Biedermeier romanticism with inromanticism 7 applying to the angel Avoiding dark aspects of life death amp sexuality Idyllic transitional period between neoclassicism and romanticism closely linked with the bourgeoisie 18 15 l 848 Derogatory term gt comic symbol of middle class comfort Papa Biedermeier o Biedermeier more l9Lh century Vienna furniture Art positive familyoriented Architecturehouses drawn back from street gt social phenomenon family life People forced into their homes Shift of focus relationships family Middle class emulating nobility 0 Painting of Woman and Child Johan Christian Dahl 1840 Fishermen returning for the night Longing for the absent father and husband Isolation on the shore Turbulent clouds o Johan Christian Dahl 1840 Student of Caspar David Friedrich Sehnsucht Personal experience Embourgeoisement of Romanticism Intimate emotional responses to nature 0 The Abyss Sehnsucht Longing Man is a pawn in the game of nature 0 Cristen Kobke 18101848 Danish artist Uden for Nordre Kastelsport 1834 Man belongs in nature Commonplace mellow unthreatening o Bildung Man maturing through various phases 0 Bourgeois Romanticism Cozy Friendly Downtoearth o The Comet Questions 1 How can the comet be said to fit into the Biedermeier tradition of mellow romanticism 2 What does the schoolteacher symbolize 3 What does the comet symbolize Family event no danger man in harmony with nature The schoolteacher is a gentle part of nature sharing his learning 7gt Symbolizing a part of nature combined with knowledge the comet symbolizes that Events repeat themselves no turbulence surprise no sadness start with coziness and familyoriented o The Hill of Elves The bourgeois institution of marriage creatures of the night during the day they will be burned Hierarchy of the creatures Mermangt his daughtersgt gt Elves 10 13 20 l 0 o The Snow Queen a fairy tale told in 7 stories The first story which concerns itself with a broken mirror and what happened to its fragments gt the mirror symbolizes the human souls devilish souls the devils took everything beautiful and turned it ugly and they turned ugly things into beautiful 7gt they wanna mock god and its creations gt message if you try to mock God you will lose Shatters downward because humans are on earth The second story which is about a little boy and a little girl gt the mirror is a re ection and also an improvement gt the children represents very very close brother and sister relationgt very nonsexual love Andersen s fear of sexuality and most importantly biedermier gt religion gt grandmother parents allow them to play each other The source of the fairy tales Andersen like older women to tell him stories Good old woman gt everything is very nice in the second story There are a lot of harmony gt shift from beauty to math and logic gt he39s no longer a feeling person The third story the ower garden of the old woman who knew magic gt she keeps her faith he39s not dead gt she brings her red shoes Red shoes symbolize a sign of her purity gt River of life river of growing up gt even though she s a witch she s a good witch gt Comb makes her forget and makes her wanna stay with the substitute mother The Fourth Story in which appear a prince and a princess gt Clod Hans story inside the Snow Queen gt Crows manages to sneak her in and she sees no it s not the right prince gt bourgeoisie Andersen is mocking bourgeoisie gt unknown death gt sign of freedom gt she s back to nature The fth story which is about a robber girl gt symbolizes somebody who39s in a quest gt out there and try to grow up gt a little girl who all of the sudden need to distant herself from her mother gt going against the nature of being a robber and being able to move on The Sixth Story The Lapp woman and the Finnish woman gt prayer becomes her soldiers gt religion gt Pure heart is what gets her going The Seventh Story What happened in the Snow Queen s palace gt Eternity gt Emotion and afterward The Snow Queen really resembles Narnia Seduction good vs evil a seduction ofa older woman who wants a young boy to be her playmate Dichotomies The Snow Queen Gerda Reason Emotion Head Heart Cold Warm White Red Winter Spring Erotic Innocent Death Life Biedermier Bildung they change they grow up Did they learn anything 0 Romanticism and the small things 0 Inchelina is born to satisfy somebody else s desire good old witch biedermier there is no sexual activities involved the ower is red and yellow color of blood and sun kiss the seal the magic of offspring the spirit of nature creatures connect nature and ower spirit and soul Inchelina and toad gt Mothers gt the toad s mother is not as selfish as inchelina s mother she wants a wife for her son while inchelina s mother wants a baby gt very bad movement direction downward gt bourgeoisie make the house really pretty and clean gt magical helper sh strong force that release her in order to grow mature Inchelina and Bildung gt we see bildung in the story because she s mature May bug being di erent is not a good thing Substitute mother Field Mouse she s going further down Another substitute mother Mole the eld mouse wants her to marry the mole but if she marries the mole she will go down more Fable The Ant and the Grasshopper The Swallow another religious aspect Dichotomies She sougl1t She got protection imprisonment warmth darkness no sun affection bullying a life a wedding death She s helped by magic 101510 The Talisman 1 What is atalisman Something thought to bring good luck keep away eVil amulet personal item power is in the faith you put into it 2 ProppR Initial harmony Lack Quest To stay happy forever Magical helpersopponents Old man helper Tests Trying to nd the right people Reward Contentment Why linen Underwear Close to the body Magic powers Relic Lorenz Frolich 7 painting of shepherds Too poor to possess linen Bildung Leamed that contentment for here and now is enough Go through a lot of thought processes to arrive at their home again with added contentment Beide1meier Yes happy closure Comfort contentment No wild passions just simplicity Harmony and contentment in the home in the family Sexuality feud 1 1880 s 7 heated debate about sex 1870 7 modern breakthrough The Big Nordic War about sexual morality Authors suffragettes intellectuals Bj omstj erne Bj omson Georg Brandes 7 propogated thoughts of modern breakthrough Industrialization and modernity Men felt war was an attack on them Sexuality feud 2 Marriage and the family ensured sexuality only for procreation The daughters of the bourgeoisie were raised to be wives and mothers Sons raised to become active and outgoing breadwinners Sexuality feud 3 Women no sexual urges Women showing sexual behavior mentally deranged Men strong and natural sexual urges Men s sexual urges must be satis ed Hence prostitution which was tacitly accepted Sexuality feud 4 l863 law about police supervision of prostitutes l874 Law about curbing STD s Legalized prostitution registration of the prostitutes and weekly medical examinations Women and Christian circles violently opposed this double standard Sexuality feud 5 Bj omstj erne Bj omson wrote A Glove in 1883 promoting celibacy for both men and women Two major responses Women s Associations that promoted this view as healthy and wholesome RealistsNaturalists that advocated sexual freedom for both sexes Double morality The feud gradually died out but women started advocating different forms of freedom gymnastics 1909 Movement for rational dress a Reformdress 1907 E ects of corsets No corset no bustle loose skirts pants underneath mobility Suffrage the right to vote The Women of the Modern Breakthrough 1983 Woman as a goddess vessel produce children mothers Thomas Malthus 7 population control Neomalthusianism George Drysdale 7 curb your enthusiasm control population Max Nordau 7 femalemale role Cesare Lombroso 7 women as criminals Max Runge 7 women s sexual characteristics Sigmund Freud 7 women being hysterical inferior to men sexually and mentally The Swineherd 1838 Through own actions or what she inherited Rose and nightingale 7 nature enters culture How is it received Scorned Do not belong in her unreal super cial life Women had xed roles Vicarious living princess Many many pigs bourgeois Makes magic pot a toy trinket Princess recognizes soul mate in pot Lady putting on wooden shoes close to the ground stooping down to nature Kisses prostitution given away her virginity for a trinket bartering with her worth to get the pot King kicks out princess she did not live up to her expectations of the prince who wanted someone who was real She has nothing lost Merely product of her time ltgt The Concept of Irony 1841 Verbal Rhetorical irony Irony contrast discrepancy Irony of circumstancesituation Irony twist of fate Dramatic irony 7 everything is gone 10182010 0 The Naughty Boy expect to nd love in love poems Andersen is being ironic in himself Cubit never dies gt love never dies wine god39s drink apple temptation Biedermier atmosphere simple life Amore another name for Cubit LOVE usually seemed as prickle playful and perverse Cubit innocent victim and nobody is able to escape from him Except for Andersen Is he naughty because he brings love uctuation Henriette Wulff180458 daughter of Commedor Wul one of the most in uential friends of Andersen travel widely something in common with Andersen Andersen was her main target of letter writing she really liked Andersen no romantic involvement they declared each other as brother and sister rst woman in Andersen s life who is really important to him 0 Faaborg southern of Odense 7 Andersen went there to visit a friend and he fell in love this time with Riborg Voigt 180683 o Riborg Voigt rst woman that Andersen fell in love with seriously Andersen wrote a poem brown eyes to her Problem she has already engaged with someone else after Andersen has written many poems to her he left Denmark and traveled in order to forget her 0 Louise Collin Young daughter of Jonas Collin she has crush on Andersen but she got engaged to a lawyer she keeps her crush on Andersen throughout her life when he wrote the Little Mermaid Louise Collin is also the hearty princess in the swine herd She kept Andersen s love letters 0 HC Orsted 17771851 Danish physicist and chemist Best known to discover speed of light Professor in University of Copenhagen 0 Sophie Orsted Daughter of HC Orsted Sophie just like other else engaged with another guy Money and infatuation are linked in Andersen s mind 0 He has turned into a very unful lled and cold snowman he can t find pleasure from love anymore 0 Fact of Friendship more elevated from the previous 2 stories Continuity continuity of Bildung No Comedy tragedy competition Question its the first person narrator and you should be questioning the narrator39s credibility 1020 Lecture Notes 0 The Swineherd 1838 this is the story we introduce for use of irony institution of marriage strong moving force in the society 0 Soren Kierkegaard 18131855 important because he39s the person who can make anybody very angry try to pierce people and point them with very sharp whip with his life as a philosopher he had a huge in uence on the thinking and the ethical religious philosophy never married had very trouble relationship with his father fiance and institutionalized religion in 1841 he wrote the Concept of Irony he criticized Andersen in the Concept of Irony 1841 he also criticized Romanticists directly Romanticism is not grace reality Romanticists bored him 0 Irony Awriter says one thing but means the opposite verbal irony he sure looks happy Cosmic irony irony of fate the irony between a character39s aspirations and his fate e g Oedipus Sarcasm bitter form of irony the ironic statement is designed to hurt or mock its target 0 Situational irony something happens to a character just like what we talked about in the swine herds who expects the opposite outcome with the reader s perspective on one hand and characters perspective on the other hand 0 The Petitbourgeois blissful ignorance of his own existence belongs to Mainstream Somnolent mediocre no engagement doesn39t exist 0 A Aesthetic o B Ethical gt You start out with aesthetic level and then you move up with ethical level gt you have to feel the eternal within you and once you ve made the ethical choices you can39t go back 0 When Kierkegaard writes EitherOr 1843 he implied this idea there is no either or to go back Kierkergarrd wants to make people think instead of making them preach like what Andersen did gt However towards the end of his life he changed his philosophy He ended up becoming a member of the state church he paid taxes to the state church 0 The Seducer39s Diary 1843 MUST READ Irony as a Way of Living The seducer Linked back the the Swineherd the princess is also a seducer who seduced a virgin WHY seducers it s all in a guy39s love What is LOVE love becomes unhealthy here might about sexuality money home trap o The Sweethearts 1843 snobbish society rather go with heritage gt not a good thing love gone sour top hit it with whip and it would spin Repaintedgt new life new appearance gt she obviously has nothing inside There s no sympathy either ball is made of makes her tough but it still gets deteriorated The ball has turned old the top keeps getting repaintedgt snobbishness 7 Riborg Voigt Andersen s rst love people think this is meant for her She got engaged and she didn39t have exciting life after that o The Collar 1848 he39s always rejectedgt Andersen39s love interest and becomes a cynic Ironic piece all the way through the story Bragger Ridiculous that the collar is being selfpromoting and arrogant piece ofpaper made of rag very less than pe1fectgt made into paper the paper exposed him he39s just being ridiculed o The Butter y 1861 procrastinating which is very common in humans making a choice is too difficult for the butter y refers to Kierkegaard can t choose Ifyou can t choose then it choose for you the butter y is pretty clumsy in his dressgtcan t choose gt wasting his short life What does he have left he goes inside to keep on living when you go from outside to inside you are going into jail Climax the butter y returned to his starting points which he s learned nothing he resembles owers once he s stuck on a pin marriage being stuck he has achieved absolutely nothinggt stuck on a pin and it s not his choice the last line being stuck on a pin is not much a consolation The butterfly believed that he39s achieved his goalgt ironic continual rejection in HCA39s search for a partner 0 Another illustrator of HCA s work Lorenz Frolich 1022 Lecture Notes 0 Ice Maiden o The place in the Ice Maiden is not imagination it really exists 0 What does the name Snow Queen stand for compared to Ice Maiden You are a queen you are older you are a mother figure If you are a maiden you are young a lot more passion and sexuality 0 Questions 1 What is the significance of Rudy39s childhood 67 2 Why does the uncle die 89 3 What is the significance of Rudy39s philosophy in life 10 4 Why is Rudy repeatedly tempted by the ice maiden 1117 5 Explain the juxtaposition of Rudy and the Miller 1213 6 The movements up and down when why 14 7 Parallels between Ice Maiden and Snow Queen names 15 8 Reason civilization vs nature Ice Maiden 15 9 The function of the godmother in the story 16 10 What happens to their relationship and why 1718 11 The function of Babettes dream visions 19 12 Explain the ending of the tale 20 0 Little Rudy and the cat back in childhood Andersen did not want to write for children but he wanted to maintain that he himself had a innocent child s purity He sees himself naive and innocence and he sees it very positively Aspect to talk to animal and climb upward to the roofgt Rudy is going up Rudy is a perfect child for nature He s in nature and in the harmony with nature gt he has close relationship with dog and cat but not chicken because they are stupid he doesnt wanna be with the kidsgt he wants to be outside of the community civilization he feels painful when selling the toy money 7gt civilization Little Rudy the goatherd 7 and the Ice Maiden gt the Ice Maiden belongs down there with the ice but Rudy is escaping from her by climbing upward gt 2 older women who wanted to seduce him but he39s not easily to be seduced because he keeps on climbing gt the upward move up in the mountain higher and higher There has more clean airgt really good move to the nature His father died he s father is a mailman so he brings connection and civilization to nature His father is a bridge between nature and civilization also is his dog His mother died she didn t go to all the way down to the Ice Maiden It made Rudy a very solemn man He39s more into the nature even though the nature was trying to kill him in the shape of seduction the journey to the new home his uncle s gt he needs to keep going upward but in order to keep upward he needs to go down gt bring back to the civilization His uncle is a happy mixture of nature hunter and civilization He needs to say goodbye to his childhood and the nature He needs education and be shaped his journey of Bildung began Andersen has social criticism with the dog s farewellgt dog just running around outside and be hungry Why did the uncle die gt Rudy needs to move forward gt Adult obstacles His uncle died so Rudy can become the master of the house gt Rudy became a grown man Rudy39s philosophy if you don t think about falling you won t fall gt maybe a little bit arrogant gt or is it positive that this philosophy brings him success gt upward movement is definitely to be seem positive gt strong personality On the way back after shooting competition First time he encounters temptation in a shape of the woman who appears all of sudden out of nowhere But Rudy doubted The visit to the mill gt why would Miller say no gt because Rudy does not belong to bourgeoisie and he has no money and security gt Rudy39s philosophy here you have to climb and there is nothing that you can t climb to or nothing that you can39t get Rudy thinks Ihave to get her I have to climb up The Eagle s Nest and Vertigo gt he39s brave and he39s pursuing his dream He has reached his pinnacle at this point He s now close to the heaven and his anticipation of getting the prize The Ice Maiden gt when we compared ourself to the shape of nature we shacked and trembled gt we human are so small Godmother gt Rudy has been accepted and become the heart of the bourgeoisie but he has to encounter the Godmother She s important because she brings his nephew He nephew Nothing natural about him He s totally civilized and he s the one who threw Rudy to the evil powers gt Rudy is becoming corruptive by the power of civilization sexual corruptive gt Ring symbol of eternal faith love and loyalty Rudy lost it to the Ice Maiden gt Rudy is coming down gt Makeup in the Miller39s House she is pretty and young but they don t have anything in common She doesn39t like nature and she likes to hear herself talk At this point this they becoming soul mates is not going to work Visions in the night she dreams gt she s leaving Rudy behind gt she s walking down to a different existence the End Rudy is taken back by the Ice Maiden In dying he saves Eros Thanatos The kiss of Ice Maiden is the kiss of death Nature vs Culture Bourgeois Society longing for upward movement The movement of the tale has con icts o Hubris Nemesis Daedalos is admonishing Ikaros he doesnt come to the civilization He has underestimated nature and nally he got punished by the kiss of Ice Maiden o Tragedy the lightening is a bridge between the air water and the mountain it s not a tragedy it s a tale of harmony Each person has found where heshe actually belongs to The world has no more that it can give me said by Rudy God is everywhere and he knows what is the best 102 520 10 Lecture Notes Love 0 Ib and Little Christina 1855 this is di erent approach of love we have moved down to the river of the God the farmer protagonist not rich but no one in that district would call him poor gt Danish understatement instead of hunting the wild animals he had gt very down to earth shoemaker gt wearing wooden shoes gt down to the earth in the room of biedermier setting start with the child Ib and the love of his life Christina that appearance was the one what put you in your class the beauty of Christina brings her class connection a gift from god sailing down the river Andersen s setting in accordance what is reality Gudenaen A real river in Denmark the River of the Gods with the path for pulling barges upstream social context barge men rough and tough people with bad reputation but they got colTee certain amount of alcohol to get them warm Incredibly hard work Sitting and exploring the world The woman gypsy they were thought to have supernatural power Andersen s stereotype and portray this into a dark skin woman with fortune telling power At the same time he speak against the stereotype crash the nut and wanna see what39s in it dirt He39s not disappointed her appearance and good look bring Christina in the big city Christina becomes the serving girl gt she learns the way to talk in the city Ib thought that they could marry but he was wrong because Christina needs time and procrastinating the love between them UPWARD MOVE Jutland gt Copenhagen Servant gt Of ce he s completely unsel sh and think the love was true God is blessing Christina with good look but now he s taking her happiness away gt downward curve God ring symbolizes what is best for him Treasure from the earth Makes him rich as well as his heart Adam Oehlenschlager The Golden Horns 1803 treasure from the earth Draft of the End Christina died at the end gt a happy ending though gt representative of true love 1b is rewarded in the end Fortune with the gold from the earth and adopted daughter gt very moral tale 0 Under the Willow Tree 1853 real location in Denmark poor but warm friendship willow tree is allowed the freedom to grow wild This is where the children play under and share their things ginger bread figures They do not speak for their love if you don t do that nothing will ever cover it Ginger bread man wants to eat ginger bread girl The ginger bread man thinks that love would save them physical love but the ginger man thinks that love is a spiritual kind Honning Kage gt ginger bread baker somebody who symbolizes sharing because he gave the children ginger break Shouldnt judge from the outter appearance but what s behind gt silent love leads to unhappiness gt is it moral Confirmation turning point gt In Denmark confirmation is a big day which you become an adult gt can go out and start working Entrance into new life Usually get a ton of money a huge party and a day off on monday which you can spend that money and pretend that you are an adult gt Andersen s interpretation once you are confirmed you are out in the world You can become a Prentice or a maid The visit to Copenhagen the distance between them is obvious and actually quite dizzy He s living through as he39s walking up toward he but still lower than herr however she39s independent person because she39s got talent Dichotomies gt Sister Brother gt Female Male gt Playmates 7 Lovers gt Near Far gt Winter Spring gt Ice Warmth gt Life Death We have a lot of malefemale play against each other Nuremberg Cathedral in Germany and becomes his true home He needs to travel in order to forget his memories gt eternal wonderer h he s a shoe maker wondering around the world without being able to die God39s angel she doesnt sing for him but sing for his fiancee After the opera he needs to move on and so does her He has to ee that his thoughts are caught into the trap of obsessed love He cannot let her go and that becomes what kills her Alienation his parents don t support him When he go back home he was suspended He doesn39t have a home he tried to walk back but he cannot make it Obsession unable to let it go Freezing to death because of his own passion He wasn39t able to find passion and warmth he only found his death 0 Jenny Lind 18201887 beautiful answer and last love interest that Andersen has she s like Johanna in the story huge and successful singer sing for loyalty and Queen Victoria She also sings in the united states she s married and she39s not interested in any sexual moves with Andersen She wants to be his sister died in London in 1887 another story the night in gale is about her too 0 The Dung Beetle 1861 different kind of love obsession is it a bildung tale No because we conclude that once beetle comes back he learned nothing absolutely but it starts out as a bildung s tale The beetle was being appreciated by others at the beginning caterpillar couldnt care less because he knows that he would wake up and transform into a beautiful butter y marriage he doesn t wanna be tight down by marriage he think he is better than that Latin name Geotrupes stercorarius the boy pins him Freedom becomes what the girl gives him Salvation see freedom as a gift The beetle received and gives nothing in return gt he doesn39t grow at all What doesn39t he go out again He s only obsessed with his own important He never realized this blindness he belongs the smelly rotten rock he belongs to the nature moral even though you are setting in the emperor s course you are not an emperor He can39t borrow somebody39s else golden shoes 102710 The Steadfast Tin Soldier 1838 Andersen did not lean on any other modelstories One legged existence has an obsession Bildung 7 educational travel Tin soldier does not feel like he has developed no courageous acts not any closer to love a no Bildung Can t marry princess bc he thinks she is above him Does not inch cry out very silent person rigid emotion Sympathetic towards tin soldier even though it is the same journey as dung beetle Rigidity willing to die bravely while thinking of his love The End In death they nd each other ames of wa1m passion Still two separate remnants did not fuse together Theme if you don t speak up nothing is going to happen What the Wind told about Valdemar Daae and his Daughters 1859 Andersen experimenting using elements of history and reality to create story Narrator wind personified Borreby Manor Castle Valdemar Daa 16661681 1536 7 Lutheran Reformation a bloodshed Castle neglected by owner did not have any money Valdemar tried to save the castle through alchemy Mistress does not do any of the domestic chores a real woman was supposed to do Leading her husband on to have these parties songs are not Danish Not frugal frivolous events drinking celebration etc Nobles commit crime a being arrogant not even recognizing there are people lower than yourself do not forget your own roots Husband standing by her bedside pondering why she had to die Moral all will pass wind is admonishing us to take things as they are enjoy life while it lasts Failed venture destroying forest ravages nature never goes unpunished what goes around comes around Daughters reveal cruelty in their laughter Common shipbuilder not good enough for youngest daughter Admiral wants the horses in exchange for good word to king to buy the ship Ravaged nature for nothing The past cannot help them Alchemist in his Laboratory from Janus Lacinius manuscript Alchemy is the quest to propel people back to the Garden of Eden Finding harmony in man and nature not so much about greed in some aspects Valdemar does not listen to the wind does not let it pass Faith not religious faith in material super cial values No resurrection is possible for Valdemar hopes shattered glass only contained fool s gold Wind consoling us everything will pass life seems barren and nished The End Stork protecting the youngest daughter Nature watching out for her sun s rays Unfulfilled miserable life for all those except possibly the youngest daughter She was content with her lot let it all pass stayed in her lot Father followed unjust path for alchemy only youngest is saved Hubris nemesis the higher you y the harder you fall Steen Steensen Blicher 17821848 The Old House 1848 Written right after Andersen visited Charles Dickens Inspiration sentimental Bridge between the young and old The Old Man Playing Young child admonishes tin soldier to think about the old the past Young and old harmony and understanding shared Tin soldier buried alive in a crack cannot hear his complaining anymore Felt sorrow for steadfast tin soldier because he suffered silently vs this tin soldier that is annoying and complains Old man disappears just like all the old things Boy tried to incorporate the old but sees it being destroyed to make way for the new The End The past and the present and the future meet through disgruntled tin soldier Not complaining anymore learned that nothing lasts except not being forgottenyour legacy Tin soldier transports boy back to old man old house Leather torn from the wall but not human emotions love respect for memories of the past Outlive the surface Need to let it pass but let it stay inside us 102920 10 Lecture Notes 0 The Mulatto and the Moorish Girl Andersen loved to be the center of the attention among the people because of the piece Mulatto But in the real life there are people who actually claimed that Andersen stole this story 0 Johanne Louise Heiberg 18121890 really really famous actress in the decade She was born poor and had a miserable childhood just like Andersen39s process natural talents just like Andersen great recognition of her dance instant success and with the short time she39s adored by everybody deep povertygt panicle education gt process her talent gt success 0 Johan Ludvig Heiberg 17911860 Johanne Louise Heiberg s husband Andersen s critic play writer gt he thought Andersen was a poetry play writer he also writes satires really had great career Andersen thought that he39s too light hearted because he wrote nonRomanticism work materialistic He thinks that Andersen took him too seriously work with humor and patriotism also a journalist they married in 1831 he created the Danish critical tradition important role at the society subjective and judgmental o Edvard Collin Andersen s patron s son 1 of the ve sons of Jonas Collins very very close friend to Andersen civil servant with cool personality critical to Andersen s work always lend Andersen a hand when he needed it and managed his nancial fair his wife is also a dear friend of Andersen Supportive and while at the same time critical She wrote more than 500 letters one of the means for Andersen who gives him upward ability 0 Social Hierarchy King Patricians Nobles Farmers Merchants Us Servants Farmers o The Daming Needle 1847 a story that we repeatedly hear I know who I am and I shall never change she doesn39t cry never shows any emotion wagon wheel asked to bear too much Andersen ridicules short tale on many different levels 0 The Shepherdess and the Chimney Sweep 1845 hopeless love she process pure innocence and beauty the Chimney Sweep dark and not so innocent indicates the social status Chimney Sweep is true to his nature but he s too into his nature he knows his job He guided the shepherdess the young female is overwhelmed she wants her biedermier security Chimney Sweep is going against his nature by kissing 2 possible answer 1 she39s a true woman feminism 2 truly wimpy reminds us the gingerbread cookie in under the willow tree 0 The Janitor s Son 1866 happy resolution in the quest of upward ability and status superficial behavior in the quality that will be found in the basement down the Janitor s table very similar to Andersen except for the happy marriage George wasn39t allow to touch Emily she s really hopeless George saved her and he39s really happy George has been confirmed and now an adult Hymnbook symbolizes the status satire in the story General can t deal with it chicken domestic animal which isn39t considered as part of nature George has to build the bridge between down him and up to her he39s in the highest circle that everybody including the King recognizes his talents except for the general general thinks that he didn t have the right blood and heritage Emily deserves him finally because she was able to recognize his qualities gt ended up with a happy marriage 1112010 Lecture Notes 0 Fall of the Ramparts o Frederik VII 18081863 Was not highly respected People thought he39s extremely incompetent He is not interested in anything gave up being King gt why he s famous He s gave Denmark a constitution o Guilds they stood together in a very rigid hierarchy 0 East India Company monopoly exists in guilds King George III 17601820 King of Great Britain Ireland o The Boston Tea Party closely connected with the East India Company with the tea that they couldn39t sell the Tea Act it provides no nude tax on tea the tea will be cheaper for the consumers in 1846 Boston Tea Party spreads the beginning of the American Revolution 0 Absolutism Louis XIV 16381715 0 French Revolution 1789 New time new thoughts no more absolutism Major problems Monarchy Religion and Monopoly they are addressed by the rst president of American James Madison 17511836 Thomas JelTerson 0 Industrial Revolution cultural change economy based on labor steam power power machinery and the family is broken up people have to go out to work producing classes creating pro ts child labors ethics morality and social criticism are burning issues of the time o Georg Hegel 17701831 attempted to liberate systematic anthology through his writing 3 Steps process Thesis iAntithesis Synthesis Thesis French Revolution Antithesis rain of terror Synthesis constitutional state natural phenomenons are determined not only by the mechanic devices but also overall purpose of nature Ultimate purpose that humans are directed to the nature triangular ascending movement 0 Karl MarX 18181883 Communist Manifesto 1847 we all share the means of production 0 Great Sea Serpent Map of the 1858 transAtlantic cable route 0 The Millennium 1853 young Americans stereotypes of American tourist quite insubstantial super cial he39s able to imaging a project into the future Andersen in his listing of the sights is really selective the tunnel connecting England and France how can he predict that 0 Old Street Lamp Mixture of old and new another good old days story he the Lamp is worried about his future because he has really fun memory of his past Andersen wants to do this also It is important to Andersen because it means that he s writing on the wing of Romanticism look up to the authority very nice and kind old lamp waiting for what they want to decide for him new precise re ection of tendency how much of the olds do we throw out in order to have the news wind is important because it gives the lamp a gift of clear memory and the shooting starts gives him the the light The lamp feels that he39s given privileges Those qualities are left neglected do not discard things just because they are old they don39t put him in new innovated devices He s left out in peace and harmony being respectable and not bringing new grounds The new was not able to see the quality in olds in a dream he reaches that fulfillment that he ll be able to shine on forever being together with a distinguish picture makes him feel good 0 The Candles 1870 Andersen continued the thought in Old Street Lamp Grabs atheme and revisited it distinction between the wax candles and tailored candles tailored candles belongs in the kitchen Wax belongs in the living room gt Hierarchy what39s most important in the life Social life happiness doesn39t not depend on social class but inner quality this is why our old lamp is happy appreciate the inner quality biedermier the widow has to make a living but in this story Andersen doesn39t focus on that He painted a picture of a rich woman to gives to the poor and the poor woman is contented a lot no revolutionary elements in this tale but this very biedermier quiet elements Snow White 0 Magic tale 0 ProppR 0 INITIAL HARMONY Happy home pleasant childhood LACK SW mother father prince Queen affirmation of beauty QUEST MAGICAL HELPER Dwarves maid who steals the ring TESTS l Corset 2 Hair thing 3 Poison apple REWARD Prince and Snow White married elimination of the threat queen Elk WP The Pancake House 0 Magic tale 0 ProppR 0 INITIAL HARMONY pleasant childhood playing 1 LACK home 2 QUEST get homeget food 3 MAGICAL HELPER witch kind of but not a great fit 4 TESTS don t get eaten by witch passes test by acting stupid 5 REWARD tricks witch makes it home The Little Kitchen Maid 0 Magic tale 0 ProppR INITIAL HARMONY Mother alive 1 LACK Husband 2 QUEST Get out of marrying her father 3 MAGICAL HELPER Old beggar lady 4 TESTS 1 getting to know king bath water towel 2 wins king s eye by going to church and making a delicious lunch 3 Repeat 5 REWARD Gets husband doesn t have to marry father Emperor s New Clothes 0 Fabliau ProppR does not fit well 0 Themes Vanity naivety glorification of innocence empowering storytelling 0 Cultural resonance can be applied today many retellings 0 Political commentary Golden Age of Denmark 0 Political decline absolute monarch 0 Denmark industrializing and modernizing o Celebrates lowerclass who are only ones who see he is naked Ugly Duckling 1843 o Bildungsroman talking animals do not constitute a magic tale 0 Pleasant childhood 7 not really Life journey 7 leaves the dockyard Makes goodbad choices Aidedhindered by others 7 old woman cat chicken hunters WP 4 Gains wisdom learn goodevil 7 gures out that he is a swan 5 Integrated into society 7 becomes part of swan ock ProppR ts just as well as Bildungsroman format 0 Initial harmony none really Lack 7 identity family herd Quest 7 leaves the dockyard to nd himself Magical helpersvillains not magical Tests 7 harsh winter hunters dogs 0 Reward 7 discovers he is a swan Autobiographical tale 0 Born into poverty 0 Made it to the highest place in society himself 0 Go humbly as he did and you will be accepted 0 O O O The Companion Magic tale 7 troll magic items Chair and hat Must get items back from princess Companion freed from the ice and is a sinner Three troll hags give up magic items Traveling Companion 7Andersen s Characters Johannes Explain difference between a folktale and Andersen s version 1 Andersen s version has much more detail character names description of nature 2 ProppR can use for more than one character in the story ProppR HARMONY Happy with father 1 Lack Father home employment fortune 2 Quest Vows to be a good person to father seeks a new life 3 HelpersOpponents CompanionPrincess and Troll 4 Tests Must answer 3 questions 5 Reward Gets the princess and fortune Social disruption 7 challenging the order and way things supposed to be 0 Kingdom is depressed 0 Princess in love with a troll Key differences between folktale and Andersen s version Relationship with companion more of friend than servant Nature of quest not as driven as he does not set out for the princess Nature of opponents helps those in need v tricking troll hags Magical objects everyday things v extravagant and irreplaceable things Trials objects v thoughts Breaking enchantment water v milldetc 0 Much clearer Christian connotation Recurring themes 0 Faith beauty of nature ordinary things supernatural religion OOOOOO The Eleven Swans 0 Magic tale 0 Gives birth to two dogs 7 less descriptive 0 Use prop 7 Queen diesKing marries troll and girl goes after brothers Brothers dream 0 Social mobility Wild Swans 7 Andersen s Elisa is the daughter Magic tale can use ProppR Folktale v Fairytale Role ofreligion Evil Queen gets rid of kids evil stepmother Archbishopgrave yard Elisa s dreams innocence proven and saved from burning at the stake o Witch burning trials in Denmark 0 Dichotomies Pagan magic vs Faith in God Clod Hans o Fabliau bittersweet ending 0 Camivalesque 0 Connections to Andersen l Andersen s scorn for education especially Meisling 2 De ance of the privileged classes What Father Does is Always Right 7 ORAL Tradition o Fabliau but turns it around ProppR does not t 0 Some aspects of Biedermeier wife ts role of matron peasantry Little Claus and Big Claus o Fabliau 7 greed trickery violence fraudulent magic mediocre characters 0 Folktale 0 Big Per and Little Per 0 Big Per kills his own mother and grandmother 0 Farmer s wife is with the minister o Andersen s version 0 Big Claus and Little Claus 0 Little Claus s grandmother is already dead 0 Farmer s wife is with deacon The Tinderbox o Schwankm irchen fabliau violence greed trickery arrogance but has magic such as the dogs with the huge eyes and witches 0 Social commentary 0 Good soldiers not always good people 0 Archetypical people may not be that in reality Little Ida s Flowers 0 Dichotomies o Pits Romanticism and Enlightenment against each other 0 Review notes Children s Prattle 0 Look at notes 0 Class societal issues 0 Poor boy becomes the richest The Comet 0 Elements of the Enlightenment and Bildungsroman 0 Life journey from childhood to adulthood o Becomes a respected member of society 0 Symbols comet bad luck omens candlewick bad luck bubbles future music memory clock Deism The Bell 0 Super ciality of class some Biedermeier 0 Science defrauded promotes Deism o Asserts that sometimes science can go too far Bell Ringer of World wo a real explanation of the bell 0 Science has no say in religion and can not de ne it o Universality of person prince and pauper nd bell together 0 Symbols and Society 0 Bell nature poetry and God 0 Most do not care enough to nd these things so they can t nd the bell 0 Some people just get distractedwaylaid along the way to nding these things 0 Priorities distractions challenges false explanations 0 Andersen comments on how we often become waylaid in life 0 Prince motivated by nobler motives pauper really wants to know 0 More than one ways to nd Nature God poetry The Snow Queen ORAL tradition story is meant to be read out loud ProppR ts as well as Bildungsroman Dichotomy Enlightenment vs Romanticism pit against each other lSt story Broken mirror that makes people see only aws and makes their hearts cold 2quotd story 7 Little boy little girl 7 rose bush 7 beauty of nature 3rd story 7 the ower garden of the old women who knew magic 43911 story 7 In which appear a prince and a princess 5Lh story 7 which is about the robber girl 63911 story 7 The Lapp woman and the nish woman 7Lh story 7 Snow Queen s palace and afterward Ultimately the professor thinks that the Biedermeier wins because the return home No change in their identity or relationship The Old House 0 Romanticism imagination humanization of house objects 0 Magic Inchelina Similar to Snow Queen ProppR and Bildungsroman t sort of but not great Archetypal characters Divided world 0 Human world vs Nautural world Bildungsroman o Biedermeier 7 avoidance of sexual talk 7 beauty of nature
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