MICRO APPL FOR BSEC
MICRO APPL FOR BSEC CGS 2100
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This 20 page Class Notes was uploaded by Edwina Schroeder on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CGS 2100 at Florida State University taught by David Gaitros in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 81 views. For similar materials see /class/205362/cgs-2100-florida-state-university in Computer General Studies at Florida State University.
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CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics Lecture Session Business Systems Topic Decision Making Daniel Chang Copyright August 2007 Daniel Chang CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics Decision Making 0 Choosing what to do 0 Intelligence Identify probem space or opportunities 1 What is the problem 2 What is the environment surrounding the problem a Design Develop solutions and Feasibility Analysis 1 Possible solutions are not necessarily perfect 2 Often weighing pros and cons of each solution a Choice Some organizations find this very hard to do Copyright August 2007 Daniel Chang CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics Problem Solving 0 Choosing what to do and then actually doing it 1 All of quotDecision Makingquot and 0 Implementation Actually make the solution happen 1 Failures in Feasibility Analysis will reveal themselves 0 Monitoring Evaluate solution and fix 1 See what went right and what went wrong 2 Do it all over again Copyright August 2007 Daniel Chang CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics Decision Making and Problem Solving Decision Making Probgn Solving Copyright August 2007 Daniel Chang CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics Potential Problems and opportunities are identified and defined Alternative solutions to the problem are developed Select a course of action Solution put into effect Evaluate the implementation Decision Types Programmed Decisions 0 Can be made according to a quotrecipequot 0 Problem parameters are wellde ned o Often only need simple report information c quotWhen there are less than 10 laptops in stock buy 50 morequot Nonprogrammed Decisions 0 Problem parameters and results can be unclear 0 Unusual or exceptional situations quotWhat colors should you offer on your new laptop linequot Copyright August 2007 Daniel Chang CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics DSS Problem Solving Methods 0 A DSS ultimately only provides information relevant to a problem 0 Often someone still has to make a final decision Optimization Model 0 Give a set of goals and limits 0 Attempt to find best solution that satisfies goals and limits 0 Very hard to do 0 Often DSS simply provides information that relates to the solution Heuristics 0 Uses commonly understood guidelines to find a quotgoodquot solution Guidelines are often derived from experience Solution will be acceptable but not necessarily the best quotHigh ground is usually the position of strengthquot quotAlways purchase 3 times as many games as you have pre ordersquot Copyright August 2007 Daniel Chang GS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics Management Information Systems MIS Inputs 0 Generally TPS data k 3y INI TECH TPS REPORT C 39 O V E R S H E ET Outputs Reports Test Date Scheduled Reports Occur at regular times Often for daytoday information Ex Daily Sales Recap every morning Demand Reports Generated upon request that is upon quotdemandquot a Can be any of other reports Ex Sales performance as of this month Exception Reports Generated when something unusual occurs or something that requires action Often can set quottriggersquot for when report is generated 0 Ex lnventory report will be printed whenever an item has less than 50 in stock a May occur quotscheduledquot or quoton demandquot as well Copyright August 2007 Daniel Chang CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics Decision Support Systems Varying data amounts 0 Often deal with very large data input 0 But can also deal with small amounts of input no minimum expected Varying data sources a Different databases TPS data warehouse inventory 0 External information such as stock quotes Varying output 0 Present information in differentways o Tabular such as in a spreadsheet o Graphical such as with bar charts 0 Geographical using maps and areas Complex analysis and comparison 0 Really complex Varying problem solving approaches 0 Optimal o Heuristic 0 Organizational occurs at regulartimes quotWhat ifquot analysis 0 Allow varying of factors to see alternate results 0 Simulation involves actually processing an event to see possible outcome Copyright August 2007 Daniel Chang CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics Lecture Session Background Topic Computer Information Systems Daniel Chang Copyright June 2007 Daniel Chang CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics What is a quotsystemquot a Takes stuff in a Does something preferably something useful a Spits stuff out Everything is essentially a system Copyright June 2007 Daniel Chang CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics Systems Copyright June 2007 Daniel Chang 3 CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics A Computer is a System 0 Operates solely on switches o Represent a switch with a quotbitquot 0 or 1 0 Computers do math on switches very fast 0 Bits go in bits go out 1 0 1 Three bits 8 possible combinations on off on Information is stored in bits 0 Magnetic Field Hard Drives 0 Laser Reflection CD DVD 0 Electrical USB stick sort of technically FowlerNordheim tunneling u almniameamtaewaieuztanaiemoewbaaaain looau1mm1weanpaamlaemLunaoeaioaaalanaie toamuanalaaanaalaaaeaaanaLzaatamawenole ulnaionnaeanaianamaianananeni autumnal abaaoeeaoeaaleaioaoioenaowauaieaiaaaaa Copyright June 2007 Daniel Chang CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics But I don39t see bits 0 Combinations of bits switches represent some information o quotDigitizationquot is the process of taking some thing and coming up with bits to represent it 0 Everything computer uses somehow represents bits 0 Everything that comes out converts bits into something we understand 00101010 10110101 11000101 01000111 Binary Numbering A system for representing decimal numbers using bits Copyright June 2007 Daniel Chang 5 CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics Computer System A bunch of switches could represent 000000 001100 010010 011110 010010 010010 000000 Copyright June 2007 Daniel Chang 6 CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics Business Organizations are also Systems 0 Traditionally inputs are raw materials 0 Output is a manufactured product 0 Traditionally a quotvalueaddingquot system that creates output product with more value than input raw materials 0 Customers thus have reason to pay added money for product Modern Business Organizations 0 Actual quotraw materialsquot moving toward information 0 Actual quotproductquot moving toward services and information o Hmmm computers process information Business Operations 0 Perform work 0 Sell product a Make decisions that hopefully aid business operations ComputerBased Information Systems a Systems that process Information using Computers 0 There can be information systems that do not use computers a What kind of CBlS can be used to aid business Copyright June 2007 Daniel Chang 7 CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics Business Organizations as Systems Google Microsoft Internet Explorer Eile Edit Eiew ngorites lools elp end Back v v Search EFavorites QEHistnry l v g at A it ii t ruining Agdress http wwwgooglepomf Google m Images Groups Directory I van Preferences Gougle Search I39m Feeling Lucky Language Tools News and Resources 39 K Advertise with Us Add Gooule to Your Site Gongle Toolbar Jobs Press Cool Siu Make E300 Ie YourHome a e 2001Google Searching 151041 6DUD web pages I Internet xxLLi E httpwwwgouglecominews Copyright June 2007 Daniel Chang CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics Transaction Processing Systems TPS 0 Handle business transactions an quotexchange quot 0 Generally involve the business daytoday operations 0 Typically involve PointofSale systems 0 Buying goods selling products paying employees 0 quotECommercequot describes online handling of transactions Management Information Systems MIS 0 Provide information about basic business status 0 Usually provide a quotreportquot 0 Current inventory 0 Daily Sales 0 Available courses 0 Typically report simple facts on business daytoday operations transactions 0 Help with frequent common decisions 0 When to order more stock 0 Which course to register for Copyright June 2007 Daniel Chang 9 CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics Decision Support Systems DSS 0 Help with very specific difficult decisions 0 Usually infrequent decisions involving strategy and planning 0 Typically involve some processing logic and formulas as opposed to just simple facts 0 Analyzing store locations and delivery distances to decide where to build a new warehouse 0 Analyzing course availability and prerequisites to design a fouryear plan for graduating 0 Also Group Decision Support Systems GDSS Expert Systems ES ya i r o Attempt to simulate the quot decisionmaking process of an expert 39 0 Provides actual decision sugges on 0 Typically involves very complex computation 0 An expert is someone with specialized uncommon knowledge about how to solve a problem or accomplish a task 0 Realizing that you have 0 widgets in stock does not require an expert 0 Designing a fuel injector for an automobile requires an expen Copyright June 2007 Daniel Chang 1O CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics How do I figure out what CBIS it is Deals with daytoday transactions TPS MIS Does it provide reports with simple facts MIS Provides information to help make decisions MIS DSS ES Does it use advanced logic and formulas DSS ES Does it help with strategy and longterm planning DSS Does it involve knowledge from an expert ES Does it actually make a decision ES What are the transactions of the business a What is the business a What do they buy and sell Is this a daytoday decision or a complex decision a What does the business do daytoday a Can the decision be made automatically based on information Copyright June 2007 Daniel Chang CGS 2100 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics Amazoncom Allows you to look for specific products Allows you to buy products online oKup Allows you to look for specific classes Allow you to determine class offerings and times Google Allows you to find web page addresses based on search terms Undergraduate Advisor Provides bulletin information about required courses Provides information about prerequisites Uses information from medical doctors Takes information about hospital patient vital signs and diagnostics Diagnoses infectious blood diseases and recommends antibiotics Copyright June 2007 Daniel Chang 12 CGS 21 00 Micro Applications for Business amp Economics