HISTORY OF SCIENCE
HISTORY OF SCIENCE HIS 3464
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennie Will on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 3464 at Florida State University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see /class/205371/his-3464-florida-state-university in History at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
o 00 o 00 o 00 o 00 Eugenrcs Darwin and the connection to eugenics gt Darwin s idea of natural selection gave birth to the idea of eugenics gt Eugenics 7 the self direction of human evolution I Combines all forms of science into an harmonious entity Francis Galton gt Theorizes that humanity s dominance of Earth has disrupted natural selection as we have few natural predators gt Very popular idea gt Scientists were doing it so it wasn t a fringe idea it was actual educated people working on the idea Eugenics in Britain Noticed a direct statistical correlation between birth rate and poverty rate gt Galton donated money for the creation of the Galton Institute dedicated to the improvement of society through science mostly by eugenics gt Was mainly classbased scientists were really rich white men and so their picture of gt V perfect society consisted of more rich white guys Karl Pearson I First president of the Galton institute I Mainly a statistician gt Eugenics Education Society I Propoganda Eugenics in the US gt Americans at the time were having an in ux of immigrants who were seen as inferior gt Margaret Sanger I Birth Control 0 Was really only being used by the upper class and was illegal for a long time o 1918 7 Legal for married women 1959 could be used more widespread 1973 legalized everywhere gt Eugenics Record Office I Also predominantly statistically based gt Charles Benedict Davenport I One of the first presidents if the ERO I The right to live does not denotes the right to reproduce I Advocated spousal selection gt Harry Laughlin I Advocated sterilization 0 Indiana in 1907 passed a law concerning sterilization Eugenics in Germany gt Used for class nationality and race purposes gt Fritz Lenz I Published a eugenics textbook in 1921 gt Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology Human Heredity and Eugenics I Very powerful in Germany I Pushed forward a sterilization law in Germany passed in 1923
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