Sociology: The Beginning
Sociology: The Beginning Social Problems 110
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by dresaavedra on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Social Problems 110 at University of St. Thomas taught by Vania J. Cox in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Social Problems in Sociology at University of St. Thomas.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
09142015 9142015 Sociology A Primer It s a science Sociology is the scienti c study of society 0 Scienti c method 0 Theory questions guring out how you d answer those questions method l data analysis brought to bare against theory 0 Lather rinse repeat 0 Accepting the null hypothesis vs proving anything right Methods 0 Quantitative count things 0 Statistical analysis of surveys demographic data etc Qualitative seek general themes espoused by study subjects 0 Interviewing ethnography discourse analysis Studying human beings means we must comply with federal law which requires we minimize risk and seek consent or those we study 0 We have federal laws because there was a time when underprivileged people were used by scientists as study subjects Ex Testing birth control pill in Puerto Rico Empiricism 0 Empirical data is the sociologists muse and her holy grail o Beliefs and opinions are not the stuff of sociology 0 Social facts don t always know the answer but it could be true Sociological Imagination The vivid awareness of the relationship between personal experience and the wider society 0 Where individual problems are considered in light of society 0 A personal problem your mom goes to jail o A social issue you are not the only child whose mom went to jail and you along with those other children will face chaHenges RIFF Personal Problem or Social Issue o A person is diagnosed with depression 0 Your son has ADHD Grandma needs increase care but can t afford it 0 You don t have health insurance Social Construction 0 The role of nurture and nature 0 Ex Throwing like a girl 0 A sociologist assumes a level of social construction in any given phenomenon o A girl is told to sit still sit straight disconnection of muscles cannot throw as far and as strong as a man Chapter 2 Problems of Health and Healthcare Healthcare is a global social problem Life expectancy is highly correlated with the quality of healthcare in society Population s health improves as a result of better medical care average age of members rises Life expectancy between developed and lessdeveloped nations are due to increasing chance that people will survive childhood diseases and parasites Infant morality rates are highly correlated with number of healthcare professionals in a society Healthcare distributed very unevenly in the US About 18 under 65 do not have health care in US Nonwhites suffer more from almost every illness than do whites less likely to be immunized Even when income is the same death rates remain higher for nonwhites Women less likely to get adequate healthcare in US Expensive medical technology adds to hospital cost rate Aging of population increases demand for hospital services increase costs go up 60 of Americans overweight 26 obese Smoking said to be among nation s most important health challenge Sports injuries also rise hospital costs Three categories of health insurance commercial insurance companies independent prepaid groups or health maintenance organizations HMO and public insurance Percentage of Americans with insurance from their employer deceased to 60 Handicapped people are underemployed assigned to low level low paying jobs because employers are afraid to offer challenges The disabled are neither slower nor less productive than other workers Social problems related to health care became acute in mid 1980 s when spread of AIDS acquired immune de ciency syndrome because prevalent AIDS is a global epidemic Very often we eat drink or smoke to be sociable Today all citizens and legal residents of Canada are covered by the Canadian Medicare system
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