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This 4 page Reader was uploaded by Ben Paskoff on Sunday August 24, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 125 views.
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Date Created: 08/24/14
BEN PASKOFF PSV101095959 Week 5 Top Drives 1 Sex 2 Aggression 3 Death Drive to Death Is not suicidal It is your need to face you immortality It is strongest when you are young and grows weeker as you get older It is your fear of death The iceberg is in uenced by 1 Instinctual Drive ID 2 Ego 3 Superego ID Works off the pleasure principle If it feels good do it Has no morality Superego 0 Works off the morality principle It develops your sense of right and wrong It begins with your primary care taker and spreads to your peers teachers media who all develop your sense of what s right and what s wrong Its two major tools that it uses is Fear and GuiltShame 0 Believes and promotes the protestant ethic The belief that if I work hard now I ll be rewarded later 0 Is adamantly opposed to everything the ID proposes The largest example of the protestant ethic is religion Ego Job is to satisfy the ID and at the same time pacify the superego Five Altered States of Consciousness Sleep Chemical Hypnosis Meditation Peak Experiences SquotquotS quotquot BEN PASKOFF All Other States of Consciousness 1 Autoscopy 19 Hysteria 2 Anxiety 20 Major Depressive Disorder 3 Battle Trance 21 Mania 4 Coma 22 Meditation 5 Convulsion 23 Music Therapy 6 Daydream 24 Out of Body Experience 7 Delirium 25 Panic 8 Depersonalization 26 Peak Experience 9 Derealization 27 Presyncope 10 Ego Death 28 Psychosis 11 Ecstasy 29 Religious Experience 12 Euphoria 30 Sexual Pleasure 13 Extra Sensory Perception 31 Sleep 14 Fear 32 Sleep Deprivation 15 Flow 33 Sleep Paralysis 16 Higher Consciousness 34 Syncope 17 Hypnagogia 35 Wakefulness 18 Hypnosis Sleep Why do we sleep 1 To conserve energy 2 To give the body and mind time to recuperate and build 3 To rest the body and mind Types of sleep REM Rapid Eye Movement Also known as paradoxical sleep or dreaming stage Vast majority of dreams occur in the REM sleep During REM sleep the mind is awake While the body is asleep All sleep studies are based on an eight hour sleep night NREM Non Rapid Eye Movement BEN PASKOFF Beta Awake NREM Alpha 3 Hvpnogogic Sleep NREM Spindle b 1a Start to relax NREM SpindleDelta C 1b start to feel drowsy NREM Delta 039 1c your eyes close REM Mind is active e 1d your muscles lose tension 1e your breathing slows and 3 7 8 A A A B B B C C C D D D F11 UOUUDgt Fl UOUUDgt 0 Delta is the most relaxing rejuvenating rebuilding sleep there is and your body requires it first 0 With each stage of sleep that you progress down the sleep becomes deeper and the brain waves become slower and slower 0 Circadian Rhythm is how you progress through the sleep stages throughout the night 0 You dream during the REM Stage and therefore dream more later in the night 0 The difference between short sleepers and long sleepers is the amount of Rem they receive each night Long sleepers get more REM before they wake up and therefore don t wake up as rested as short sleepers 0 The spindle stage is used to check your environment as a way of making sure you are safe to go into a deeper sleep 0 Some books count the initial phase and others don t count the REM stage Why we dream Freud s Theory Freud Dreams are tie regaf road to tie unconscious exe0f awareness BEN PASKOFF 0 Freud believed that dreams originate in the unconsciousness or preconscious level of awareness and that dreams have meaning 0 Dreams allow us to deal with things in the unconsciousness or preconsciousness 0 Since everything in the subconsciousness is ugly and stressful even in our dreams we may not be able to handle them and therefore we disguise them so that we don t have to face the reality even in our dreams but it still gives us a chance to work on the thing in the subconscious Freud The Interpretation of Dreams Freud Dreams have Manifest content and latent content Manifest content The symbols that are used to disguise the dream in an attempt to make it less stressful and anxiety producing It is how the dream shows itself to you Latent Content Is the latent but true meaning behind dreams 0 Freud believes that dreams are one of the tools the ego uses to satisfy the ID and at the same time pacify the Superego 0 How much you dream depends on how much you ve done Humans ftme no instincts Humans ftme or c oice
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