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by: Deontae DuBuque


Deontae DuBuque
GPA 3.73


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Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Deontae DuBuque on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CPO 3930 at Florida State University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see /class/205468/cpo-3930-florida-state-university in Comparative Politics at Florida State University.




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Date Created: 09/17/15
ETHIOPIA 1889 amp 1896 Italy trie to invade but does not succeed 1916 Rastafari took over throne 1930 Rastafari is crowned emperor but under a new name Haile Selassie 19361941 Italy controls Ethiopia under Mussolini LIBERIA early 1820s there is a Return to Africaquot movement from USA previous North American slaves went back to the AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY 1847 declare independenceunti 1979 5 of population was AmericoLiberians and they controlled the whole country WHAT DOES THIS DO By colonizing Africa they are now apart of the global system POLITICAL AND SOCIAL CONSEQUENCES BORDERS were drawn for European interest no remorse IRREDENTISM desire to reunite nations under 1 flag1 community NON HEGEMONIC STATES signifcant of whites running countries WEAK LINKS BC STATE AND CIVIL SOCIETY everyone gained power via conquestcolonial administration took orders from their home country STATE ELITE Europeans empowered African elites which went to their head WEAK POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS as colonialism ended Euro powers set up constitutions in their favordidn t prepare them for independence 7 ECONOMIC INHERITANCE Dependency theoryrailroads Apowe 9501 EXPLOITATION OF LABOR 1 couldn t make enough money for family and worked too much to grow their own food 2 any profits earned were shipped back to Europe 3 no effort made to diversify economics 4 no time to be educated just work BAD SIDE OF ECONOMIC INHERITANCE Guinea 97 illiteracy 1 factory for Portugal troops 265 miles of paved roads GOOD SIDE OF ECONOMIC INHERITANCE New technologies plow irrigation wheel Access to healthcare cures for small pox and tuberculosis first African country to gain independence was Sudan in 1956 WHY DID DECOLONIZATION HAPPEN SELF determination of democracy 2 role of United States and economy USA was largest needed open markets to prosper 3 COSTbecame more costly for Euro countries to maintainafter WW2 they had to spend all of the money they had on rebuilding themselves 4 AFRICAN DEMANDSmuch more vocal against powers A AFRICAN NATIONALISM attempt to capture colonial state and govern themselves attempt to transform multicultural groups in 1 nation FOR THE NATION TO LIVE COMMUNITY MUST DIEquot Most countries abandoned local language and adopted that of their colonizer AFRICAN SOCIALISM Guinea Zambia etc GOAL reduce Western dependence and restructure domestic economies emphasize continent s traditional values community gt individual put state center of poIiticssocietyeconomical development economic planning introduced nationalized private sector promote BIG industrialization projects agricultural marketing boards 1 part stateopposition hindered developement SCIENTIFIC SOCIALISM Congo Somalia Angola Mozambique vulnerable to military cout s nationalized land ownership and business and agricultural aspects old farms weren t paid at allthese were now state owned desire amp need for nat l gov t gtgtgtgt ideas of Marxist Leninst demise1980s poor growth high government debt POPULISM Ghana individuals should be taken care of and involved with the state Revolutionary Committees were developed local level committees more control over government officials and People Defense Committees PDCs could fireoverrule local level part was self interest part was promoting unity STATE CAPITALISM Kenya Nigeria liberal economic path open government private enterprise gov t wanted to loosen regulations rather than allow MNCs to invest gov t set up agreements with local business 5050 still had state run enterprises competing vs the private sector gov t controlled the crop market crisis came in 1980s with the IMF and structural adjustment programs NATIONALISM crowded out civil society actors amongst states and centralized power any dissent was not welcome and met by military as a gov t challenge PRIMORDIALISM tribalism and conflicts will maintain until modernization doesn t explain why conflict happens but relates ANY cultural different to this RELIGION CHALLENGING NATIONALISM religion is less bullied by state compared to ethnicity Islam in NorthChristianity in South AUTHORITARIANISM 1 PARTY STATE after decolonization there were still democratic facades in these colonies want to centralize states in postindependence areas democratic institutions aren t good for centralizing power post independence power is increasingly put into ruler made legal obstacles to limit political opposition also limited ability of other party to campaign ECONOMY centralized government bc economy can t be in favor of free market GHANA and NKRUMAH 1957 CPP wins and Nkrumah 1958 Preventive Detention Act made by CPP habeus corpus rescinded no evidence needed can hold people indefinitely arrested opponents stripped traditional rules of authority HOUSE OF CHIEFS 19642 MIL APPROVED 2400 DIDN T KENYA since independence in 1963 Kenya was working towards a 1 party system SOLE PARTY Kenya African Nat l Union SUMMARY take away power from Parliament abolish local authority repace democratic of cials with people who were loyal to ruler not state PERSONAL RULE based upon Patrimonialism there are no checks on the gov t rulers are above the law leaders see the state as personal property rulers don t distinguish between states and personal affairs policies could change on a wimb lower level officials praised loyalty to the leader and not the state NEOPATRIMONIALISM Authoritarian in nature 1 individual leading military cout s sawthemselves as father of the nation Personal rule is arbitrary rulers display their wealth immensely displayed everywhere Big Man gov t lead to competition bw lower level official and intragov t factions How did they stay in power for so long had power of the state at their disposal clientelism leader of gov t dispense different goods to clientspublic used to maintain legitimacy and power clients offered support in reward MILITARY RULE In Africa cout s are much less violent than election junior officer seize some gov t building take over communications and force people out likely to happen in personal rule not state likely to happen during economic hardships likely to happen where society is divided Soldiers could run gov t but NOT economy and gov t needed bureaucrats from previous years to help legitimacy issues balance between different ethnic groups did not figure out multi party democracies 3 outcomes SHARP INCREASE IN MILITARY SPENDING RULINGS FOR INTERMEDITATE TO LONG TERM TIME BECOME POLITICAL REFERREE WHITE MINORITY RULE South Africa independent in 1910 Apartheid introduced in 1948 in Rhodesia and S Africa used segregation homelands and pass lawsquot to discriminate against Blacks 1948 AFRIKANER came to power in South Africa and introduced Apartheid ROLE OF THE COLD WAR USSR no history of colonizing Africa improve navy strategic positions spread socialism in 1960s 150 million in USSR weapons in 1970s 25 billion in USSR weapons CUBA attractice to African gov t because they are also a 3rd world country assisted by sending 1000s of doctorseducators to Africa in 1970s fought alongside African nationalists 5000O troops sent to Angola and Ethiopia CHINA interested in spreading it s own socialism after rift with Russia same as Cuba though did not send troops over there USA PRIMARY GOAL contain communism


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