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by: Dalton Haag


Dalton Haag
GPA 3.77

Wanda Brown

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Wanda Brown
Class Notes
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Popular in Home Economics Clothing And Textiles

This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dalton Haag on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CTE 3763 at Florida State University taught by Wanda Brown in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see /class/205506/cte-3763-florida-state-university in Home Economics Clothing And Textiles at Florida State University.

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Popular in Home Economics Clothing And Textiles




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Date Created: 09/17/15
CTE 3763 Exam 1 review 1 2 A A 01 O l G O Textile industry a Fiber yarn fabric and some findings producers Converters that dye print and nish cloth Wholesale reps who may sell fabrics and ndings to apparel producers Fiber manufacturer yarn spinners fabric manufacturer dyers printers nishes Apparel industry a Apparel manufacturers and contractors Garment wet processors Apparel wholesale reps and direct importers who may sell garments to retailers Apparel retailers including dept and specialty stores boutiques chain stores mass merchandisers discount stores warehouse retailers catalog showrooms off price stores such as factory outlets and closeout stores super markets QVC HSN etc e Design source import retail 000quot 0039 Q Wholesale a Agents of the apparel manufacturing companies they sell the finished garments to retailers b Sell to retail buyers in showrooms and at market centers and visit buyers to show them the new lines Retail a Sell to the ultimate consumer b Buy nished apparel products from domestic manufacturers and direct importers and sell these goods to the consumer Vertical integration a Same firm is responsible for multiple steps in the production or marketing of an apparel product b EX Gap Abercrombie Horizontal integration a Business activities at the same level of the value chain Vendors a Raw materials source for manufacturer or garment source for retailer Sourcers a select raw materials andor contractors to perform production work inside shops a manufacturers operate their own factories b advantages over those that depend on contractors i fewer communication problems ii tighter quality control iii more control over timing iv saving on transportation costs 10outside shops a independent contractors b more flexibility i no investment in plans and equipment ii fewer employee training needs and fewer personnel problems iii no need to buy and maintain factories and equip as company grows iv no need to employ workers between seasons or if business slows v ability to perform specialty work 11 branded labels a developed by manufacturer and sold to many retailers under trademarked name 12private labels a developed for a speci c retailer 13 ready to wear pr t a porter 14vertical integration inside shop 15outside shop contractor 16private label store brand 17brand label proprietary 18 import to buy goods from another country a advantage i low wages and overhead in other parts of the world b disadvantages i expensive foreign travel ii unctuations in currency exchange rates iii higher shipping and insurance costs agents fees iv longer lead time v dif culty in observing production sites to ensure quality and productivity vi more complicated processes needed to take recourse on defective production vi39 some consumers negative reaction to imports 19export to sell goods to another country a advantages i expands customer base and means greater sales which translate to greater pro t ii market opportunites abroad when US sales may have fallen off and extending the length ofthe demand for seasonal products iii extends the life ofa product that may be nearing the end ofits popularity in the US iv diversi es risk creates new nancing opportunites and opens the way for further prospective business growth b disadvantages i dif culty in understanding foreign business practices ii differences in product standards and consumer standards in foreign countries that make US products unsuitable iii problems in receiving payment for goods iv dif culty in obtaining adequate rep in foreign markets v expensive foreign travel 20trade deficit when country imports more goods than it exports 21 embargo prohibition of importing a product 22tariff tax on imported goods 23quota annual limit on volume of a product that may be imported 24fundamental of global trade a NAFTA elimination on tariffs and quotas b WTO replaced the GATT and ATC promotion of free trade through decreasing oftarifftrade barriers equalization oftrade among countries 25 NAFTA elimination on tariffs and quotas 26TFPIA9 regulations on apparel labeling 27Quota9 regulate qualities that can be traded 28 Quality perceptual attribute 29 Embargo trade halted 30 Cost ratio how much you are willing to pay to have quality measured against what they will give up in order to have a lower price 2 dimensions of product quality 31 Prevention 32 Detection 33 Flammable fabrics a Classi es fabrics accd to how fast they burn under controlled b Standards for rating wearing apparel fabrics 39 Class 1 normal ammability suitable for clothing ame spread 35 secs for non raised fiber fabrics and 7 secs for raised fabrics 39 Class 2 intermediate ammability ame spread 47 secs and the base fabric ignites or fuses Class 3 rapid and intense burning flame spread 35 secs or less for nonraised ber fabrics and 4 or less for raised ber fabrics 34TFPIA a Requires labels to disclose three things to consumers i Fiber content ii Manufacturer or importer iii Country of origin 35 RN registered identification number a Businesses can use on products labels in lieu of company name 36 Laundry 37 International care symbols a 5 symbols washtub triangle square iron circle b Temps and other conditions are printed below 38Voluntary labels a lnfo that is beyond required by fed law ex Trademark b Trademark brand name to identify a manufacturer 39 Copyright exclusive right to reproduce a work ofart 40Trade dress the shape and features ofthe product itselfthat are not only distinctive but also identify the manufacturer of the product presentation totality 41 Copyleft the right to use work for any purpose 42 Patent exclusive right to produce an item 43 Counterfeit fakes of popular brands 44 Knockoff copy or near copy ofa design under a different brand name 45 OSHA ensure safe and healthful working conditions for every working man and woman in the US 46 Dept of labor regulations a Fair labor standards act required manufacturers to pay at least the min wage overtime for hrs worked in excess of 40 hrs and keep records on each employee regarding hrs worked and pay b Worker adjustment and retraining noti cation act requires employers to notify employees in advance of plant closings and major layoffs 47 Equal employment opportunity commission regulations a EEOC prohibits employment discrimination based on race color religion sex or origin b Age discrimination in employment act protects employees 40 yrs of age or older 0 Equal pay act protects men and women who perform substantially equal work for the same company from sexbased wage discrimination 48 Dept ofjustice regulations a Immigration reform and control act ensures that all employees ofa company are either citizens of the US or aliens authorized to work in the US b INS imposes substantial nes on both the contractor and retailers who purchase apparel from such contractors placing responsibility on both panbs c ADA prohibits employment discrimination based on disabilities and also requires public and commercial facilities to be accessible to ppl with msabm es 49EPAregma ons a Pollution prevention act reduce pollution at its source 50 Ethics a The rules of conduct that re ect the moral principles of honesty integrity and fairness 51 Physical features of fabric a Fiber b Yarn c Fabric structure d Comr e Applied design 52 Manufactured a Regenerated cellulosic b Synthe cs c n sc 53natural a protein bers b cellulosic fibers 54twist a staple must be held together by some means to form yarn usually twisting short lament long continuous strands of fibers made from manufactured bers orsHk c S twist and Z twist 55Woven interlacing a Plain weave1 over1 under b Twill weave over 2 under 1 c Satin weave over 7 under 1 56Kn enocMng a Stitches and courses loops 57 Non woven ammbdWmHMgbmemunGMHmmaVMMymmmmwm i HeatadhesWesmechanbaHnmnocMng C39 58 Lace a Fabric resulting from twisting and knotting the yarns around one another 59 Prints application of designs to the fabric using dyes or pigments in areas a Mechanical nishes i Brushed embossed heat set moir glazed napped sheared etc b Chemical nishes i Antibacterial antistatic 0 Screen printing d Direct roller printing e Heat transfer printing f Digital printing 60 Dye liquid colorants used to color fabrics a Natural and synthetic b ber dyeing dyeing ofthe bers most expensive 0 Yarn dyed dyed in yarn stage d Piece dyed dyed in fabric stage e Garment dyed 61 Pigment a Contained in a paste that is spread over the cloth and adheres to the cloth through use of binders adds special look not achieved by other dyeing methods 62 Fabric performance a Aesthetic performance of end product is achieved with selecting the correct fabric and include i Garment design intended use of garment season trends preferences cost limitations target market 63 Fabric defects a 4 point system allowed four or fewer defects per linear yard 64 Color consistency important but difficult same color throughout garment 65 Luster amount of light the fabric re ects a Dull matte diffused no luster b Shiny lustrous high luster 66 Opacity amount of light that passes through it a Opaque cannot be seen through b Translucent clearly see through 67 Hand movement aspects of fabric refers to emotional sensations resulting from touching garment a Flexibility limp stiff b Compressibility c Extensibility d Resilience e Density f Surface contour g Surface friction h Thermal character 68 Dimensional stability a Ability of fabric and garments to maintain their original shape and size i Elasticity comfort stretch lt30 and power stretch gt30 ii Shrinkage iii Torqueskewness fabric distortion 69 Comfort a Factors help determine comfort i Weight hand extensibility insulation and absorbency 70 Leather a Genuine leather top grain top layer of the hide highest quality b Splits give splits an artificial grain that looks like top grain slightly rougher cost less 71Suede naps the leather giving it a fuzzy surface 72 Fur animal skin with hair still attached a Used to make luxurious coats and trims b Fully let out most expensive cutting pelts into narrow diagonal strips c Skin on skincontain whole pelts sewn together 73 Class 100 simple chain stitch low quality r7 I J 1 1 39 IuIit mss s39n39n 39mcs 74 Class 200 hand stitch 75 Class 300 lockstitch woven clothing JDDACLASS STITCHES 76 Class 400 multi thread chain stitch MlCLASS S I ICEES 77 Class 500 over edge stitch knit clothing Appearance To Vim Baum aw Sxikh 13p Application 5L quot 3quot 1 ianl un Ed Em Tam l TM 78 Class 600 cover stitch wetsuits lJllClvSS STITCHES Appearance Top View Bottom View Stilch Type E 602 Cuvcmitch 607 Mm Seamng Stitch


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