English 3310 Lesson 4-5 Notes
English 3310 Lesson 4-5 Notes ENG 3310
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Whitney Lynn on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENG 3310 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see American Literature in Foreign Language at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
Lesson 4 Naturalism Q Deterministic way of life 0 deterministic a theory or doctrine that acts of the will occurrences in nature or social or psychological phenomena are causaly determined by preceding events or natural laws predestination O Darwinism Marxism Freudianism Q Submovement of realism 0 more like extreme realism Q Naturalism features 0 new subjects by exposing problematic social conditions poverty alcoholism seduction and prostitution 0 new characters are the lower class uneducated and poor 0 frankness to discuss basic drives sex fear hunger that play a role in deterministic philosophy I very objective 0 amoral stances are taken behavior is neither condemned or praised 0 animal imagery used to describe humans and behavior 0 determinism is the most important feature 0 Although characters are of the poor they still seem to have heroic qualities and lives filled with passion and violence 0 While characters are like animals and controlled by basic needs they are not completely dehumanized 0 Characters can still have admirable qualities Jack London The Law of Life 0 Koskoosh ex tribal chief is left to die by the tribe 0 The elderly become a burden when they can no longer care for themselves 0 The tribe is not criticized for their actions of abandonment Q Koshkoosh accepts his fate and nature is indifferent to him 0 Koshkoosh flashes back to childhood tales when a wolf pack surrounds him 0 He tried to fend off the wolves but the end of his life was inevitable so he drops the stick Q Naturalism in the story the tribe moves on for food violently dominate other creatures sexual behavior keeps up the species only survive being the fittest Koskoosh is noble although pessimistic moose hunting memory illustrates him dying he used to be 000000 the wolf now he is the moose Hamilin Garland Under the Lion s Paw Q The Haskins family are struggling to survive wishing for warmth food and sheHer 0 They are not the fittest of their species 0 Lost their farm crops all they owned because of grasshopper plauge Q The Council family is struggling as well but not as bad at the Haskins Q The Council family helps the Haskins rent a rundown farm 0 lots of labor required 0 working until they could not work any longer 0 They have no freedom because they are just struggling to survive 0 he is a slave and trapped in a system beyond his control 0 The Haskins bring up the farm and want to buy it but their work has doubled the selling prices which they can t afford 0 takes a ten year mortgage contract with owner 0 he will now be able to survive but never get ahead 0 Haskins feels under the lions paw a victim in a cruel game Stephen Crane The Open Boat Based on a true story About the fate of all humankind 0 doesn t individualize the characters The cook the oiler the captain the correspondent Life threatening waves the characters are at the mercy of nature The men in the boat come to the realization that death is fate The men are surprised how close they are to land with no help from anyone on shore 0 Captain is injured cook is fat so both are unfit Q The oiler Billie has the most difficult job which suggests he is fit and youthful he leads the others to shore by swimming Q Billie ends up dead on the shore where the correspondent is washed to shore by a large wave 0 Story themes 0 The story shows that with no amount of planning or behavior is your destiny determined even if you are the strongest nature doesn t abide by morals 0 Our human relationships matter as do those we can control 0 Our generosity to each other is the only way we can counter the cruelty of the universe 0 When experienced something personally it takes on greater significance Lesson 5 Henry James Referred to as the master social realism America s greatest american novelist anticipate the next literary movement in his writings modernism Daisy Miller A study 0 A study of Americans in Europe the very wealthy who live and spend extended vacations abroad 0 old money vs new money 0 Miller family new money I not familiar with wealth and mannerisms l Daisy Miller s place in society was low even with the wealth because of the way society is structured l Daisy doesn39t have the mannerisms l Daisy represents all of the Americans in Europe 0 Millers represent many families from the late nineteenth century 0 Randolph is Daisy s brother I He has a mixed bag of qualities some worthy some not I Rough and hardedged 0 Daisy is a common exotic flower but natural and pretty l Miller is a common name I Contradicting qualities l She is a paradox 0 Story is told from Winterbourne s perspective I the conflic of the story lies within him I He can t accept Daisy s paradoxical nature Q Is she innocent or naive l He defends Daisy but internally wonders O Winterbourne is cold born of winter I Daisy suggests this in the story 0 Daisy and Giovanelli go to Roman Coliseum and are found by Winterbourne O Winterbourne cut Daisy like a daisy in winter who cannot survive in the cold I Winterbourne saw her in the shadows and judged her incorrectly but she saw him in the light and knew what he was thinking 0 Winterbourne realizes he is wrong I Giovanelli proclaims Daisy s innocence I On Daisy s deathbed she said to remind him of the Castle of Chillon that they went together unchaperoned O In the end he admits his wrongness but doesn t seem to have changed 0 The Jolly Corner 0 psychological realism 0 Spencer Brydon l Europeanized American returning to NYC after living abroad 30 years 0 SB decided he is not himself and has an alter ego that lives in his house had he not left America for 30 years I the ghost is shaped by the American environment whereas SB himself is shaped by the European environment 0 SB goes to the charming family home on the jolly corner and begins to explore I symbolic of him exploring his own mind in the deepest parts of his mind Q If they are the same person with different thoughts then they are both being haunted Q When describing SB you can t tell if describing him or his ghost 0 SB meets the ghost and realizes that his life must be better now and the ghost has a hideous face and protests the ghost can39t be him I Alice points out it is him but different I the ghost is also missing two fingers Q critics say lost in the civil war 0 The ghost is more worn but whether he is a lesser man is debatable 0 He woke up with a kiss from Alice and a new appreciation for his life 0 Alice accepts him for whoever he may be 0 ln searching whom he might have been he sees his actual life more clearly and realizes that love is missing from it 0 Happy ending I Uncharacteristic for Henry James