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Sociocultural Anthropology (7)

by: Heidi Hilts

Sociocultural Anthropology (7) ANTH 2243

Heidi Hilts
GPA 3.0

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About this Document

Notes from week 7
Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology
Tassie K. Hirschfeld
Class Notes
Sociocultural Anthropology
25 ?




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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Heidi Hilts on Wednesday March 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 2243 at University of Oklahoma taught by Tassie K. Hirschfeld in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Oklahoma.

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Date Created: 03/09/16
Sociocultural Anthropology Week 7 Notes 3/1/16  Theory/assumptions  British social anthropology  Social organization  Institutions  Structural-functionalism  Kinship terms  Emic – local, society’s cultural explanation or interpretation of something  Etic – biological or anthropological explanation or interpretation of something  Also: o Emic family – person is recognized as a relative socially, but may not actually be related o Etic family – person is biologically related  Parallel cousins – mother’s sister’s children and father’s brother’s children  Cross cousins – mother’s brother’s children and father’s sister’s children  Exogamy – marriage outside group  Endogamy – marriage inside group  Patrilineal – patriarchal lineage  Matrilineal – matriarchal lineage  Bilateral – lineage traced through both sides  Malinowski’s functionalism: function of individual institutions in society to create solidarity o Basic biological needs met by institutions o Theory assumptions, then method observation, then revise theory assumptions  Radcliffe-Brown’s structural functionalism: basis on marriage and kinship 3/3/16 Reciprocity and Exchange  Theory/assumptions: o Institutions have function (functionalism) Durkheim o Marriage connects kinship groups o Reciprocity  How social relations overlap economics  Generalized reciprocity  Borrowing/sharing o Barter o More social difference  Negative reciprocity o One person gives, the other takes o Try to take advantage of exchange  Assymetrical reciprocity


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