RACEETHNICITY IN US
RACEETHNICITY IN US AMH 2097
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This 32 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lila Pacocha on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to AMH 2097 at Florida State University taught by Michael Douma in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see /class/205598/amh-2097-florida-state-university in History at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
Race and Ethnicity August 26 2010 0 KEY TERMS Social constructionism race 0 Imposed 0 Society determines your race Bell curve 0 A book that came out in 1994 written by 2 Harvard professors Charles Murray and Richard I Herrnstein o ISSUES o IQ tests are biased and they change there are issues in that themselves 0 Chiristopher Hitchens only stupid people care about IQ because IQ doesn t necessarily matter 0 Ayn Rand they are putting individuals into groups and they are saying because he belongs in a certain racial group that he should be compared with them It says nothing ab out the individual himself 0 Minority groups are trapped in an IQ lowering environment because of o 60 of intelligence is inherited genes and race 40 is learned 0 Segregated education 0 Ending welfare to discourage births among certain racial groups 0 Limit immigration for certain groups Roots phenomenon O o The idea that you can quotfind your roots what Americans do to seek their origins 0 People who only defined themselves as a race started looking into ethnicity Assimilation 0 An immigration group who comes into a society and joins inpick up on their culture 0 A common culture Ethnocentrism 0 Viewing the world through the lenses of your ethnic group 0 Many nations believe that they are the best Multiculturalism Cultural pluralism 0 Small groups within the main group 0 People can have a general American nationality group and then have another subset Lus Sanguinis 0 Law of blood 0 You are a national citizen ofyour home ifyou are a descendent even ifyou are only 1A or 18 Ireland you can get dual passports Symbol ethnicity 0 When ethnicity is being used in only certain occasions o Races o Parades o Speeches 0 holidays Racial determinism 0 Your race is determined by your birth you can not chose it Xenophobia o Scared of other ethnic groups or nationalities 0 Ethnicity 0 Race I Selfdescription choice Religion Culture customs and traditions 0 Culture is a known set of symbols 0 Customs are a common understanding between groups Language Share history Geography Defines who belongs to what nation Ethnicity vs nationality Originally nation was determined by ethnicity now ethnicity determines your nation People who root for Germany in the world cup share a sense ofidentity but may have never been there A nation is a political unit You also have an ethnic nation Not chosen but imposed Ancestry Genetics Physical characteristics 0 Ethnic groups are subsets Socially constructed Exclusionary 0 Original division of humanity Red 0 Indians 0 Natives O O Changi James I I I o Islanders Black 0 Africans o Caribb eans o Aborigines Yellow oriental o Koreans 0 Chinese 0 Japanese White 0 British 0 French 0 Germans Darkwhite o Italians o Europ ean Jews 0 Irish Others 0 Jews 0 Muslims ng census categories for quotblackquot individuals The racial groups itself were changing that s why the quotnamesquot change 1790 slave 1850 black mulatto 1890 black mulatto mixed quadroon 14 octoroon 18 1900 negro 1910 black mulatto 1930 negro Watson Biologists Discovered double helix DNA Nobel prize winner He felt bad for African because all of the policies are based on that they are as smart as the British He says some races are naturally inclined to be better in certain areas than others Not being racist just questioning the fundamental premises on what may be true about intelligence Emigration leaving the US Immigration coming to the US Who are we Samuel P Huntington Warns that globalization immigration multiculturalism and an over eager tolerance threaten the Protestant Anglo foundations ofAmerica Argues for assimilation Emily Talpalar September 22010 Discovery and Settlement QUESTION Why do Americans speak English and why all the fuss about the puritans o TH Breen I Main idea race was one of the many factors at workin the New world to quotsort out or negotiate complex identities In time race became a more imp ortant factor I Our racial categorizations were formed in the meeting of these cultures 0 New Spain 1600 I Out for treasure and control ofland I Never focused on North America especially the US I They though North America didn t have anything to extract was unoccupied for other ethnic groups I From 14921600 they were the most dominate established the routes and companionships in order to trade and expand I Made natives become slave and convert to Catholicism 0 Early settlements in North America I New England Coast I 1607 Jamestown I Massachusetts CONNETICUT VIGINIA MARYLAND I Swedish had Delaware small colony I Dutch and Swedish fought for control of Delaware 101 0 New Netherland NY and NI 9000 I Dutch settlement 16241664 I They discovered the Hudson Valley I Multicultural and tolerant 0 Alternative founding of America 0 Only 50 Dutch mix of Swedes and Germans who helped serve 0 First African Americans in the United States in the 1620s 0 No demands for religious inherence I Overtaken by the English 0 Dutch Golden Age 160039s I Rembrant I Netherlands is very rich because of their colonial expansion I Calvinist conscious of becoming to rich Wanted to keep the Christian idea of poverty I Was established because of trade Wasn t designed to be a colonial area to come live they wanted to becom wealthy I VOC east india company in 1601 o CONTROLLED TRADE ROUTES o HAD CANNONS AND ARMOR ON THE SHIPS ALONG WITH ARMY MEN Emily Talpalar September 22010 I The fur trade so much in the business 0 Fur hats coats etc o Expensive and popular 0 Wampum to the Native Americans in return for their animals until the wampum became so worthless it didn t have value in the currency 0 Why did the English overwhelm the Dutch I Reasons the English came and emigrated 0 Enclosure acts a series oflaws that slowly takes away land from their owners and give it to the quotlordsquot 0 Population Increase 1600 s 0 London becomes one of the largest cities in the worls leads to rise of crisis High unemployment Religious motivations 0 England is a Protestant nation 0 Limited religious freedom 0 The first emigration from England first permanent English colony IAMESTOWN I Originally looking for gold I 1st English attempt Martin Frobisher 0 English explorer who went the Canada thought he found gold brought it back to England and he was told it was quotfools gold I 2 101 Sir Walter Raleigh o Roanoke Island 15 90 colony fails I 3rd attempt Jamestown success 0 English settles here because they are trying to hide from the Spanish Fraternity party in a swamp no women only men don t know how to work they want to boss around the Indians and get rich 0 They have no food and not many of the quotgentlemenquot are used to lab or They are landowners surveyors mineralists etc Attempt to import silk After the 2 101 year 107 arrived 48 were left People were dying of sickness 0 3rd year thousands arrived and half died I CAPTAIN IOHN SMITH o Chosen as the leader ofIamestown o Knew things had to turn around and Smith demands that every person has to work a total of4 hours a day quotThose who do not work will not eat Pocahontas was 12 and already married he used her as a translator John Smith blew his hand offwith his own gun powder and had to go home never saw Pocahontas again Emily Talpalar September 22010 I John Rolfe o Introduced tobacco 0 Married Pocahontas was brought to England Died of diseases soon after 0 The colony survives on tobacco first trade export Silk didn t work along with many other failures 0 Puritan V Pilgrim Roanoke I Pilgrims were first settled 1621 then the Puritans came about a decade later I 1609 Netherlands English Pilgrims 0 Still don t like the religion disagree with the Dutch 0 England Netherlands backs to England to gather up the forces and then headed to America I Differences 0 Both want to see changes Puritans want to purify the church The Pilgrims can t handle it in England and they decided to break away entirely The pilgrims were separatists the Puritans were not I 1620 Pilgrims arrived 102 arrived and 50 died during the winter I Sguanto 0 Born and raised in Massachusetts 0 Was taken as a slave to Spain and somehow escaped and made his way back there and when he arrived there was no one there 0 A plague came through and it wiped out majority of his tribe 0 When the Pilgrims arrived British he was very skeptical but decided that he needed to go befriend them in any chance to survive 0 Has had contact with Europeans before Pilgrims had been in contact with other people I William Bradford and Plymouth Colony 0 Had been living communally until Bradford came along and gave private property to families to grow sell and trade First sense of democracy 0 Jamestown vs Plymouth I Jamestown is worse 0 Massachusetts 34 women quotcity on a hill 0 Virginia had a lower life expectancy and few women city in a swamp I Pilgrims come in 1620 Puritans come in 1630 I The Great Migration 16301640 I Neither are doing to well but the future reinforcements helped them survive o Puritans I We know the most about them because they wrote the most I Exemplary Punishment Emily Talpalar o Advert I O o Conclu I September 22010 0 Dominant in puritan life System of control by punishing people making an example of them by embarrassing them in front of anyone Puritans aren39t the only ones in Massachusetts now there are Quakers Puritans focus on biblical Quakers focus on the quotinner light Dislike each other very much Puritans are in control and Quakers try to break up their services and ceremonies They want Puritans to become Quakers They view them as a cursed set and Puritans could be banned if the befriended Quakers Puritans in American Thought Because of what they stand for purity of hard work Everyone was their own farmer and took care of themselves 19th century pilgrims are being used to write about and show how they are how they act They are being used as examples Puritan Nathaniel Hawthorne Scarlett Letter New England Primers Puritans are the writers this is used as a textbook and this is what children in elementary school kids read Puritan messages included in the book the idle fool is whipped at school 0 becomes the model for the reader across the US McGuffy s isements 1923 1928 Thanksgiving became the symbol for the American founding Democracy Provincetown City Council 1942 1011 The puritans made a substantial and enduring contribution to American culture They were the most useful They became the default for American life Other groups are judged by the Puritans and have Puritan in uences For and origin myth 19th century Americas looked to the family friendly puritans October 282010 AMH 1830 1861 Antebellum Period 1661 1 865 civil war periof 1865 1877reconstruction period 1877 Jim Crow Period leads all the the way to the civil rights period Homerule the return to southern states being controlled by southerners Sort of protection of African Americans was going on before this time In 1877 what changes is the Southerners are once again control of their own laws Redemption similar definition 1 What author talks about in the book is the different social changes within these different time periods 2 Woodwards is name of author 3 He gives motivation to the civil right movement saying that changes can indeed be made and it doesn t have to be the way it has always beenquot Recontruction 1865 1877 0 Every state had to pledge itselfto the constitution and re join the union 0 There is a lot of feeling that now that northern busniness men are coming to the south the southerners will prosperso the south continues to lag behind 0 US established the Freedman s Bureau 1865 1868 to help with colonization to create schools give education to blacks Blacks sworm to these schools which shows their desire to learn bc they had been held away from education for so long use as an attempt to keep blacks in the south 0 However freed blacks are still bound to the land Blacks were leaving their masters to enjoy their freedom even ifthey had a nice boss To earn a living the blacks are going to have to go back to working so to some sense their conditions dont improve 0 Sharecropping land owners rent land to grow crops on Sharecropper farms and works all year and much of what he receives from the crop he has to pay back to the sharecropper as rent Which wasn t very much profit they didn t make much money or crops Blacks didn t own any landso they really weren t gaining anything NOT BOUND TO THE LAND Debt Peonage worst condition similar to labor contract 2 forms Ecomonic more common Tied to the land because you have not paid your debt Ifyou owe someone something you can offer to work their land in order to pay off what you owe them and conflict guys cleaning up side of highways debt peonage is worst than sharecropping because they are bound to the land They don t have a choice in what they are doing because they are trying to pay off their debt Woodward discusses the real success in African AmericansFREEDOM BUT FEW POSSESSIONS 0 You work harder when you can get something for yourself a very hopeful time because people were working to revive theirselves from slavery 0 Many time during this period people were traveling around looking for their relatives 0 Black Politicians Hiram sened the rest ofJefferson davis s presidential term born a free man in South Carolina so he grew up with a strong educationand when this time period of reconstruction cam about they had an opportunity to take on political positions andJohn Lynchwas elected to US house as youngest member important to recognize that during this period there WERE well educated black men who were working toward becoming politicaly known Jim Crow came about with a song about funny dressing black guy and the people in town laughed at him calling himJim Crow 0 Jim Crow Era starting in the 1870 s was a systematic attack on black citizenship Thomas Nast famous cartoonist about southern greed and racism Voter Intimidation and Disenfranchisement many clauses to restrict voting loss of the right to vote Klu Klux Klan v 10 1866confederate verterans who were agaist black rights Were outlawed and went underground and not until later that it reappreaded Plessy V Ferguson 1896 with Homer Plessy area was pretty defined by this court caseesabishes segregation as something that can be enforced by law Event that happened to louisianna law required separation on trains but plessy tested the law because he was i8 black so he said where am I supposed to sitquot he sits in the white section and was arrested Went to supreme court andjudge said he was guilty of breaking segregation law on train African American Leaders 0 Booker T Washington wrote up from slavery where he describes his hard work and his walking across the country like 100 miles across the nation to get an education He believes blacks in order to be successful must compete with whites economically He believes how can we be seen seriously and good with the worstjobs and the worst education He s friends with whites and belives economic status is most important 0 WEB DuBois went to Harvard He said blacks need to shoot for the top Not just learning technical skills He thinks education is key ingredient to bringing politicall and economic success He said lets start political movements He was top intellectual scholar the talented tenth top 10 percent of African Americans 0 Ida B Wells Barnettsuccessfully well known black female begins as news paper editor in new York and presents visual of blacks continuously being pushed downward in economics hangings and public killings of blacks after this point of possible success of blacks they again botton out economically and face really bad discrimination BOOK REVIEW By Woodward His purpose ofwriting book Engadged in present debate he brought about thatJim Crow was not necessarily considerd descrimation His motivation is to overturn a misconception of history 0 Segregation didn t start in the south it started in the north most people think the opposite In the north their were fewer blacks 0 People assume thatjim crow is eternal and that the south has always been the same way They develop thatjim crow was normal and used this to classify society o The twilight zone that lives between memory and history is one of the favorite breeding places of mythologyquot He said this on page 16 This means Abolitionism in the Antebellum 1262010 115600 PM SLAVERY AND ABOLITON 18301860 Slave Trade had ended by this point 1808 1833 Slaves in England ended 1865 Slavery in America ended o certain states ended it on their own o Vermont ended Saudia Arabia ended slavery not until 1983 Antebellum the pre war period prior to civil war o Period of southern white dominance o Aristocratic white culture fascinated with European influences o Southern gentlemen aspired to be like Jefferson o Very successful caused suffering to others Am I Not a Man and a Brother showing that slavery is unhumane became fashion symbol for abolitionists Slavery is the most important political issue in the United States Slaves are considered property Southern agriculture is dominated by slaves cotton Justifying Slavery 1 Sanctioned by the Bible bible talks about man slaves 2 Better off in America than in Africa no dangerous jungle 3 Superior system of labor and social control good for large crops 4 Insecurity of freedom what will happen if slaves are freed general consensus was that slavery was efficient Later on it becomes less efficient compared to the market system in the North American Slavery s Uniqueness o Democratic rights by constitution yet people are imprisoned o Dominant Economic Feature slaves do all the work for free o Climate Soil south has prime cropping weather and earth crops survived better in the south o Highly Visible Racial Differences one of the only countries in the world where slavery is the major source of agriculture and income did ALL the work unique in the US because there is such a distinction between black in white whereas you go to other countries the races were much more mixed by this time Slavery in the US is known as the Peculiar Institution Slaves as Property Slavery is not discussed in Congress Abolitionist Types Conservative Restrict Growth of Slavery but do not attack Slavery RadicalImmediatist Immediate Uncompensated Freedom Voting Rights o both don t like slavery o Conservative slowly have away with it William Lloyd Garrison Father of the new radical abolitionist movement Founded The Liberator 1831 o promotes non violent release of slaves o believes constitution opposes slavery Harriet Beecher Stowe s Uncle Tom s Cabin 1852 One of the most popular read book Efforts is to show everything that is wrong with slavery Grew up in New England Saw slavery in Cincinnati for the first time First year 300000 books are sold huge deal More than 2 million copies are sold before the Civil War Showed slavery as a brutal institution Colonizers Hinton R Helper o The Impending Crisis The South How to Meet it o Wants to get rid of slavery but hates blacks o Doesn t like the fact that blacks are in the south o Economic argument o Send them back to Africa and start industrializing Frederick Douglas The foremost African American Abolitionist 19th century Born in Maryland Travels to Europe and gives speeches Slavery Spreads Westward Eventually the South would be isolated Stephen Douglas 18131861 Runs against Lincoln in 1860 and loses Democratic Presidential Candidate Conservative abolitionist Strongly believed in Popular Sovereignty Lysander Spooner The Unconstitutionaity of Slavery 1845 Wanted to form committees in south that whip and capture slave holders Abolitionist Positions Grounds for Opposition to Slavery o Garrison Moral Natural Rights o Helper Economic o Stephen Douglas Politically Impractical o Spooner Constitutional Natural Rights Method for Abolishing Slavery o Garrison Political Social Changes o Helper ReColonization o Stephen Douglas Popular Sovereignty o Spooner Compensation Violence Time Preference o Garrison Immediate o Helper Medium o Stephen Douglas Longterm o Spooner Immediate Antebellum Violence Horrid Massacre in Virginia Nat Turner 1831 o Intelligent Virginia slave o Convinces 50 blacks to join him and go out and kill 57 whites o Virginia state guards arrive on the scene rebellion fails Turner is eventually hung Bleeding Kansas KansasNebraska Act 1854 Popular Sovereignty will it be a free or slave state Many cases of family feuds and revolts Total of 65 people die in Kansas Dred Scott 1856 Slave of a Missourian Thinks that by moving to a new territory in the North Illinois that he is a free man Finds lawyers to help him Wasn t a citizen so had no right to sue in the first place even though technically he was a free man because he was in a free state John Brown Leads raid on Harper s Ferry 1859 The Avenging Angel of the Lord Kind of a crazy guy When he gets to Virginia he attacks All of his followers are killed He gets shot but doesn t die Gets captured and is then hung Senator Charles Sumner Antislavery Northern Whig turned Republican One guy that decides he can talk about slavery in Congress Brooks v Sumner Brooks gets offended by Sumner s speech and beats him with his cane Sumner comes back after a couple years African American Era 18701915 1262010 115600 PM CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION 18301861 Antebellum 18611865 Civil War 18651877 Reconstruction every state must prove themselves and re enter the southUnion 18771898 Home rule redemption 1898 Jim Crow Era Freedom s Bureau 18651877 establishes schools and hospitals gives education to blacks in the south Free blacks still not bound to land farm blacks head to cities to gain freedom blacks must go back to agriculture for jobs sharecropping land owner allows blacks to farm land and landowner gets large profit c not bound to land like peonage Debt Peonage bound to land until debt is paid off by manual labor lower than sharecropping started mainly with Mexicans who were indebted to do labor for whites benefits o economic tied to land because you haven t paid debt o convict punishment for crime Freedom but few possessions lots of success for blacks migration to find relatives once free rise in black politicians o Hiram Revels o John Lynch Jump Jim Crow song black man is dressed strange and dancing around town people laugh at him disenfranchisement loss of right to vote Ku Klux Klan version 10 1866 devotes self to white supremacy outlawed in 1871 Plessy v Ferguson court case which establishes segregation law which can be enforced separate but equal Pullman Porters luggage carrier attendant on train blacks want his job whites like seeing blacks in servant positions Booker T Washington born in the South poor works his way up believes blacks must compete with whites economically to be equal Washington promotes hard work and skillbased labor WEB Dubois born in the North middle class born a free black goes to Harvard believes blacks need to shoot for the top believes education is key and economical status will follow starts a political movement founds NAACP was part of the talented tenth Ida B Wells Barnett crusades against lynching 19001930 3714 lynchings in the south accused of raping white women nadir bottom lowland JIM CROW TO HARLEM RENAISSANCE Great Migration Movement of blacks from South into North rural gt urban Creates a divide between black northerners and southerners Reasons for Migration o South has issues crop failures o Higher wages in the North o Economic opportunity o The harshness of Jim Crow laws Summer 1919 Red Summer1968 very violent Returning black soldiers had earned a statues and were integrated in the military and would come home and were treated inferior Harlem Renaissance New York City trading ideas arts Renewal time of revival for African Americans focused on 1920 s with music social art literature building culture African Americans are moving to New York to trade these things Example Jazz music artist also Folk music Rent parties parties in home to raise money to pay rent Strong strength of Harlem communities becomes desirable place Wealth came from the outside New opinion of northern black men new negro was a strong man who worked hard stood up for what he believed neglect violence sons and daughters of rising middle class selfconfidence 1915 Ku Klux Klan Protect the name white supremacy white American s Attack everyone except WASPs Birth of a Nation is a film that romanticizes the KKK Civil Rights Movement 2nd Reconstruction period Blacks were behind the Republican party then they switch to Democratic Brown v Board of Education Topeka KN 1954 Case that turns over Plessy v Ferguson and the standards of segregation Separate but equal is no more Little Rock 1957 Integration was first tested at a Little Rock Central High School by Governor Faubus The initial reaction was to close the public schools and open private schools President Eisenhower sends in the national guard Ruby Bridges 6 year old girl being integrated in kindergarten People pulled their children out of school she was going to and ended up going alone James Meredith Applied to a college four times and eventually the school allowed him to attend Ole Miss University Direct Action Greensboro sitin nonviolent blacks sit in white seats Economical attack which traveled around the nation and the stores had to give in because they would fail economically if they didn t Groups SCLC Southern Christian Leadership Conference nonviolent SNCC Student NonViolent Coordinating Committee local movement split view on nonviolent CORE nonviolent freedom rides Civil Rights Act 1964 Prohibits segregation in public areas Roots 1977 Miniseries based on the book by Alex Haley TV show that provides a history of African Americans whites are interested by all of this Mexican Americans 1262010 115600 PM Mexican Americans What does it mean to be Hispanic Chicano or Latino Hispanics All Spanishspeaking people Connection to Spain Latinoa All people originating from or having a heritage related to Latin America Chicano Mexican Americans with a political connotation MexicanAmerican certain type of American who has ties to Mexico Mexican American War 18461848 Mexico loses California Nevada New Mexico some of Texas and Arizona Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 1848 Mestizo v Spanish American Mestizo 12 European 12 Indian bad image less civilized Spanish Americans want to show European background and be more respected Nuevos Mexicanos people from Mexico Tejanos Texans Background to Immigration Porfirio Diaz 18761911 c President of Mexico o Wants to modernize Mexico o But wants to keep friends in power and upperclass in power o Encourages Americans to invest in Mexico Hacienda o Land system c Estates Hierarchy o Upper Class 1 o Middle Class 2 o Lower Class 97 Foreign Investment Encourage to invest in the American ways crops Mining trains Reign of Diaz Peace Prosperity and Inequality no war made little change Immigration 1911 end of Diaz reign flees to France Start of immigration The Mexican Revolution 19101920 c Decade of Chaos o Fighting for control of Mexico In 19101930 you see Mexican immigrants in the US climb to 600000 Wilson and Paternalism Throughout the 19teens the Latin American countries are seen as little children by the US hence the paternalism President Wilson feels like he needs to punish countries for doing wrong and invades them to stop the dictatorship wants to install democracy Pancho Villa 1914 originally a Mexican general revolutionist Takes power of people around him and becomes a Northern leader Was upset that the US didn t support him but someone else 1916 he raided New Mexico killed 10 and wounded 8 Fled back to Mexico American Economic Growth Exports agricultural wealth across US Irrigation became very popular Mexican Immigrant Family Still coming over in groups and not being condemned Essentially no laws against immigration into US Great Depression 1930s 1920s Mexicans were still welcomed by the Americans but during the 1930s they were disliked General poverty across the country loss ofjobs Americans feels as if Mexican immigrations needs to be restricted Birthright Citizenship Given to any human born in the land of America Even if parents aren t citizens 14th Amendment Section 1 o All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside Immigration For or Against An Overview of Restrictions and Open Borders 1262010 115600 PM Restrictionist Justification o Populist View John Locke government is the protection o Liberal View John Locke government is the protection Economics o Populist View Mercantilist View keep out poor or it will hurt economy restrict foreign goods o Liberal View guest workers are good managed flows of labors and goods Politics o Populist View protection against potential terrorists o Liberal View policy determined by Administration government is decided by the people Social o Populist View protection of own culture job preservation o Liberal View decitizens people who live somewhere but aren t citizens choose properly multicultural society Position 1 Populist o Represents an instinctual response o Not reasoned or thought out John Locke 16321704 English Philosopher and Father of Liberalism Proposition 187 Being passed so that they can prevent people from getting welfare benefits Denied education health care and other government services to illegal Minute Men people who lived in Teas and patrolled the fences on the borders who were average people who reported when they saw illegal people coming in North American Free Trade Agreement 1994 Allows free trade within Mexico and Canada will be checked but not taxed Position 2 Liberalalist Dominant position About 90 of all people Conditional Free Migration we determine who can join Bracero Program 19421965 Mexicans allowed to enter US for working terms then go back home Fails because they never go home and bring over relatives Operation Wetback 1954 Round up illegal Mexicans and send them back Amnesty letting people get away with things 1986 Reagan is trying to make a path for citizenship for illegal immigrants Register for citizenship Learn English Learn American civics Medical Exam Males over 18 register for army Legal Immigrants to US by Preference 2003 Immediate relatives of US Citizens 332657 Family sponsored immigrants 158894 Employmentbased immigrants 82137 Refugees 44927 Diversity immigrants 46347 Others 40826 Total 705827 Position 3 Neoliberal Standard view in the US Most people agree with this Justification o NeoLiberal human rights UN o Libertarian natural rights of free movement Economy o NeoLiberal comparative advantages o Libertarian comparative advantage Political o NeoLiberal welfare state o Libertarian few no guards checks and balances Social o NeoLiberal promote multiculturism o Libertarian social problems will be largely solved by economic guards David Ricardo believes trade is good for everyone With trade people can specify in one thing and therefore more of the product can be made or collected c There is a problem if one country is better at both things o But even so you should do what you are best at and that way you can spend your time in that one thing Remittances Financial flows from immigrant workers Labors gtlt Remittances They give money to families in home countries Maquiladoras jobs moving across the border to Mexico Restrictionists say Unrestricted immigration will create or exacerbate unemployment Open Borders advocates say increase labor force will create greater division of labor and create more wealth Libertarian non aggression UN Declaration of Human Rights 1948 Everyone has the right to leave any country including his own and to return to his country Natural Rights The rights which are yours by fact of your existence as a human being Natural rights exist in respect to of governments Life Liberty Property Migration o Populist No o Liberal Yes some o Neoliberal Yes o Libertarian Yes Welfare o Populist Yes for citizens o Liberal Yes for citizens o Neoliberal Yes o Libertarian No o Populist Unconditional free o Liberal Conditional free o Neoliberal Free o Libertarian Free 1262010 115600 PM Generation 15 people born in another country who move to America in their youth Transnationalism a connection between someone in the US to their home land because there is a lack of recognition of borders o For example living in a country and sending money back home Almost feeling like you belong to one big group when it is in fact two groups but you ignore the border Symbolic Ethnicity Segmented Assimilation Social Capital FACES of America Henry Louis Gates Jr 4th episode Know Yourself Inheriting the City Book about how races assimilate and how race is defined Generations Generation 1 people born in another country who migrate to America once they are an adult Generation 15 people born in another country who move to America in their youth Generation 2 people born in America and have immigrant parents Ch 2 parents set the stepping stones for their children what they are to society will be what their children are to society they will have the same jobs and social status Ch 3 racial identities it is hard to classify someone as a certain race because many people are a mixture of races Ch 4 family and neighborhood origins about relationships within families various factors such as single parents capital within each neighborhood NY has a strong blackwhite segregation Immigrants are experiencing less segregation upon themselves Ch 5 if your born in a certain area it s hard to get out all these different schools and the zones are categorized due to race Ch 6 the second generation goes to work meaning that the 2nd generation seems to do better than their parents or the 1St generation did Ch 7 forming new families means that races often stuck together and made their own neighborhoods because they felt safe with people they had things in common with Ch 8 culture matters the immigrants desperately tried to hold on to their culture and keep their lives similar to the way they lived in their home country Ch 9 civil and political engagement immigration was taken over by politics and became a huge topic Ch 10 race prejudice and discrimination it s too hard to judge someone by their race when you really don t know what race they are you can t just tell by looking at them prejudice is wrong because in all honesty many people can be of the same race and be unaware of it EXAM 1 African American history Jim Crow book and Immigration and Ethnicity Mexicans Ben Woodwords perspective connect to lectures 2 Immigrant question Choose a position on the immigration debate choose 1 out of 4 attack other position immigration law use all lectures Very borad question about how immigration has shaped our views about immigration and how will it effect our concept of immigration 3 How has race and ethnicity s meaning changed throughout time BOOK The Strange Career of Jim Crow 1St half 1St printed in 1955 blacks and whites weren t split right when war was over shows the change over time Why is Jim Crow strange o Jim Crow is getting worse rather than blacks growing together through time o In south blacks and whites have good relationship o Prejudice is strange in the North o People have developed idea that Jim Crow was normal to justify the relationship between blacks and whites strange how the mythology of the south is that it is constructive when that is so true More Jim Crow Strange because o it originates in the North 0 there is a lot of segregation in the North o Transition between emancipation and complete freedom o Gets worse throughout era of independence o People thought Jim Crow laws would be eternal Jim Crow Era Great Migration blacks move out of the south to the north Urban life in north creates a divide because blacks aren t used to urban life
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