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HIST OF U.S. TO 1865

by: Lila Pacocha

HIST OF U.S. TO 1865 AMH 2010

Lila Pacocha
GPA 3.57


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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lila Pacocha on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to AMH 2010 at Florida State University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 66 views. For similar materials see /class/205601/amh-2010-florida-state-university in History at Florida State University.


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Date Created: 09/17/15
Eran Fabian September 15 2010 Research 1 For this assignment I chose an article containing the May ower Compact The original document was said to be lost but a near replica was found in a journal kept by William Bradford I chose this document because I always found it to be a very clever and pivotal part of America s history The May ower Compact was created as an adaptation from a religious covenant and applied to their new society The May ower Compact was finished on November 11 1620 When the settlers arrived in the New World they knew that they had arrived much farther north than intended Having no true legal claim to the territory several settlers composed this compact to give themselves control and order but also providing legitimacy to their claims The compact unified the settlers and prevented the branching out into smaller subcolonies As the framers of this compact said themselves they solemnly and mutually in the Presence of God and one another covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil Body Politick for our better Ordering and Preservation and Furtherance of the Ends aforesaid That line alone expresses the true intent of this compact But in addition to unifying the people and claiming true stake to the land the May ower Compact set up their ability to create laws that were to be equal amongst the settlers No laws were set at the time but it set up their ability to enact different types of legislature that they decided were for the general Good of the Colony William Bradford who was instrumental in the assembly of the May ower Compact was selected as the first governor of the colony With the May ower Compact having very strong religious ties William Bradford was looked at as more of a religious leader than a true governor but a governmental system was established The impact of the May ower Compact did not only impact the settler s immediate future but also the future of all Americans to come after them The Compact not only set up the way Massachusetts Bay Colony would be governed but it is even said to be something that was used to construct the Constitution which was not composed until 1787 over 165 years later While the May ower Compact is often overlooked since it was put into place so early in our colonial history it is certainly one of the more important documents in our history If it had not been put into place as quickly as it was the Massachusetts Bay Colony may not have stayed unified and loyal in its mission Ifthis colony had failed our history books would have been completely rewritten Instead the fortyone men who signed the compact established the first government separate from English rule This compact would hold the laws of the land for the next thirty years but more importantly it would pave the way for one of the strongest governments to ever form Bacon s Rebellion The Declaration 1676 by Nathaniel Bacon Economic and social power became concentrated in late seventeenthcentury Virginia leaving laborers and servants with restricted economic independence Governor William Berkeley feared rebellion six parts of Seven at least are Poore Indebted Discontented and Armed Planter Nathaniel Bacon focused inland colonists anger at local Indians who they felt were holding back settlement and at a distant government unwilling to aid them In the summer and fall of 1676 Bacon and his supporters rose up and plundered the elite s estates and slaughtered nearby Indians Bacon s Declaration challenged the economic and political privileges of the govemor s circle of favorites while announcing the principle of the consent of the people Bacon s death and the arrival of a British eet quelled this rebellion but Virginia s planters long remembered the spectacle of white and black acting together to challenge authority 1 For having upon specious pretenses of public works raised great unjust taxes upon the commonalty for the advancement of private favorites and other sinister ends but no visible effects in any measure adequate for not having during this long time of his government in any measure advanced this hopeful colony either by fortifications towns or trade 2 For having abused and rendered contemptible the magistrates of justice by advancing to places of judicature scandalous and ignorant favorites 3 For having wronged his Majesty s prerogative and interest by assuming monopoly of the beaver trade and for having in it unjust gain betrayed and sold his Majesty s country and the lives of his loyal subjects to the barbarous heathen 4 For having protected favored and emboldened the Indians against his Majesty s loyal subjects never contriving requiring or appointing any due or proper means of satisfaction for their many invasions robberies and murders committed upon us 5 For having when the army of English was just upon the track of those Indians who now in all places burn spoil murder and when we might with ease have destroyed them who then were in open hostility for then having expressly countermanded and sent back our army by passing his word for the peaceable demeanor of the said Indians who immediately prosecuted their evil intentions committing horrid murders and robberies in all places being protected by the said engagement and word past of him the said Sir William Berkeley having ruined and laid desolate a great part of his Majesty s country and have now drawn themselves into such obscure and remote places and are by their success so emboldened and confirmed by their confederacy so strengthened that the cries of blood are in all places and the terror and consternation of the people so great are now become not only difficult but a very formidable enemy who might at rst with ease have been destroyed 6 And lately when upon the loud outcries of blood the assembly had with all care raised and framed an army for the preventing of further mischief and safeguard of this his Majesty s colony 7 For having with only the privacy of some few favorites without acquainting the people only by the alteration of a gure forged a commission by we know not what hand not only without but even against the consent of the people for the raising and effecting civil war and destruction which being happily and without bloodshed prevented for having the second time attempted the same thereby calling down our forces from the defense of the frontiers and most weakly exposed places 8 For the prevention of civil mischief and ruin amongst ourselves while the barbarous enemy in all places did invade murder and spoil us his Maj esty s most faithful subjects Of this and the aforesaid articles we accuse Sir William Berkeley as guilty of each and every one of the same and as one who has traitorously attempted violated and injured his Majesty s interest here by a loss of a great part of this his colony and many of his faithful loyal subjects by him betrayed and in a barbarous and shameful manner exposed to the incursions and murder of the heathen And we do further declare these the ensuing persons in this list to have been his wicked and pernicious councilors confederates aiders and assisters against the commonalty in these our civil commotions Sir Henry Chichley William Claibume Junior Lieut Coll Christopher Wormeley Thomas Hawkins William Sherwood Phillip Ludwell John Page Clerke Robert Beverley John Cluffe Clerke Richard Lee John West Thomas Ballard Hubert Farrell William Cole Thomas Reade Ricth Whitacre Matthew Kempe Nicholas Spencer Joseph Bridger John West Hubert Farrell Thomas Reade Math Kempe And we do further demand that the said Sir William Berkeley with all the persons in this list be forthwith delivered up or surrender themselves within four days after the notice hereof or otherwise we declare as follows That in whatsoever place house or ship any of the said persons shall reside be hid or protected we declare the owners masters or inhabitants of the said places to be confederates and traitors to the people and the estates of them is also of all the aforesaid persons to be con scated And this we the commons of Virginia do declare desiring a firm union amongst ourselves that we may jointly and with one accord defend ourselves against the common enemy And let not the faults of the guilty be the reproach of the innocent or the faults or crimes of the oppressors divide and separate us who have suffered by their oppressions These are therefore in his Majesty s name to command you forthwith to seize the persons above mentioned as traitors to the King and country and them to bring to Middle Plantation and there to secure them until further order and in case of opposition if you want any further assistance you are forthwith to demand it in the name of the people in all the counties of Virginia Nathaniel Bacon General by Consent of the people William Sherwood Source quotDeclaration of Nathaniel Bacon in the Name of the People of Virginia July 30 1676quotMassachusetts Historical Society Collections 4th ser 1871 vol 9 184787


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