Religious Ethics REL 3170
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mr. Mikel Tillman on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to REL 3170 at Florida State University taught by David May in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 112 views. For similar materials see /class/205639/rel-3170-florida-state-university in Religion at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
Study Guide for Test One Spring 2011 Note Please look at the notes on the study guide by both Friedrich Nietzsche and Richard Dawkins They will help anyone who has different versions of the book as well as serve to remind you of the pages that we actually covered in class which will be the only sections on the test for those two authors Introductory Lecture 1 What is the de nition of religion 2 What are the three problems of interpretability 3 What is the de nition of ethics 4 What is a moral problem or moral dilemma 5 What are the four sources of religious ethics Be able to say a little bit about each source 6 What is nonnative ethics What is descriptive ethics What is the difference 7 You should be able to identify the three approaches to moral reasoning Virtue deontology and consequentialism and give a brief description of each The Dalai Lama 1 What are the four noble truths 2 What is the eightfold path 3 What is the fundamental aspiration 4 What is the Dalai Lama s basic distinction between spirituality and religion Note This is the Dalai Lama s distinction not the one I gave you in the introductory lecture 5 According to the Dalai Lama what are the three ways to determine if our actions are ethical 6 What is Kurt Long 7 What is Ten Del and what are its three levels 8 What is the nature of the mind Remember the example of the lake in the storm 9 What are some of the negative effects of negative emotions 10 What is nyz39ngje 11 What is so pa and what are some of its benefits 12 What are the two types of suffering 13 Out of the sources of religious ethics which two are the most important for the DL Pope John Paul II 1 There are three types of law in the Catholic tradition be able to give a brief description of each The three types are the Eternal Law the Divine Law and the Natural Law 2 What are the purposes of morality for the Pope 3 Be familiar with the sources of Christian ethics and be able to say a little about each source 4 What is the purpose of the commandments 5 What is the most significant difference between the Pope s idea of the relationship between religion and ethics and the Dalai Lama s idea of the relationship between religion and ethics 6 What is the difference between the beatitudes and the commandments Louis Jacobs and Elliott Dorff 1 What are the sources of Jewish ethics Be able to give a brief description of each 2 What is voluntarism 3 What is rationalism 4 According to Louis Jacobs what does religion provide for ethics 5 What are some of the bene ts of Jewish law I talked about this in class but it is also located in the Dorff s article Soren Kierkegaard l Kierkegaard s thought is in many ways a reaction against the philosophies of thinkers like Immanuel Kant and GW F Hegel What is the primary problem that Kierkegaard has with the philosophies of both men Please note Kant s philosophy is different from Hegel s nevertheless Kierkegaard thought they were both guilty of the same errors For refreshers on the thought of Kant and Hegel refer to the Kierkegaard PowerPoint in the course library of blackboard 2 Be familiar with the biblical story that Kierkegaard uses to develop his thought on the subject of ethics religion and faith What does Kierkegaard mean by a teleological suspension of the ethical What does Kierkegaard mean by the knight of infinite resignation What does Kierkegaard mean by the knight of faith What does Kierkegaard mean by a tragic hero and who are some examples of tragic heroes What is the difference between the knight of faith and the tragic hero 3095 Friedrich Nietzsche Note In my version of the book we only covered pgs l 7 58 If you have a different version of the book than I do this corresponds to chapters 1 7 3 as well as the preface Chapter 1 should be entitled On the Prejudices of Philosophers or something similar Chapter 2 should be entitled The Free Spirit or something similar and Chapter 3 should be entitled The Religious Disposition or something similar 1 Nietzsche argues that philosophers claim to be expounding the truth but they are really engaged in something else What is this something else This question is rather complex and has to do with what Nietzsche says about the relationship between a philosopher s morality and autobiography It is also connected with what I said about rationalizations in class 2 What does Nietzsche mean by the will to power 3 How is socalled free will an expression ofthe will to power according to Nietzsche 4 How can Nietzsche s views on truth be applied to the study of religious ethics Note I discussed this in class and it has to do with the interpretation of religious texts Richard Dawkins Note In my version ofthe book we covered pgs 161 7 208 and pgs 262 7 308 If you have a different version of the book this corresponds to chapter 5 161 7 208 and chapter 7 starting at the Moral Zeitgeist section and chapter 8 262 7 308 Chapter 5 should be entitled The Roots of Religion and Chapter 7 should be entitled The Good Book and the Changing Moral Zeitgeist and Chapter 8 should be entitled What s Wrong With Religion Why Be So Hostile 1 What are some of the proximate explanations for the existence of religion and why are they ultimately unsatisfying from an evolutionary standpoint Hint These can all be found in chapter 5 sta1ting at the section entitled The Darwinian Imperative to the section of chapter five entitled Group Selection The denouement of the argument comes in the penultimate paragraph just before the Group Selection section 2 What are some candidates for ultimate explanations for the existence of religion Note These all tie in with an evolutionary standpoint and have to do with Dawkins s argument that religion is a byproduct of something else It is these something elses that are the candidates I am looking for here What is a meme and how does it relate to the continued existence of religion What is the significance of cargo cults for Dawkins What does Dawkins mean by the moral zeitgeist and what purpose does it serve in his argument What is the main point that Dawkins wants to make by discussing Hitler and Stalin What are the moral reasons Dawkins gives for his hostility towards religion E 8094
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