HonorsREL S. ASIA
HonorsREL S. ASIA REL 2315
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mr. Mikel Tillman on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to REL 2315 at Florida State University taught by Kathleen Erndl in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see /class/205641/rel-2315-florida-state-university in Religion at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
REL 2315 Religions of South Asia Study Guide for Exam 1 Hinduism and the study of religion For each of the following items be able to indicate the context meaning and significance for Hinduism These terms may appear in multiple choice fillintheblank short answer andor short essay questions Key Terms in Hinduism amp religious studies I 5Hquot e 01 9 RED 9 H H H N HinduHinduism origins of these terms The origin for the word is from around 500 BCE The Persian word Sindhu referring to people living beyond the Indus River In the 18 h century used by the British to describe the Indian people Also used as part of the quotnationalismquot for the independence movement Vedas Oral hymns composed by priestsseers or rsi Composed between 15001200 BCE Dharma that which supports or holds together The teaching the law The dharma complex life in the world duty righteousness and harmony moksa freedom from the world liberation from suffering Opposed to the quotworldaffirmingquot values of dharma Moksa is the independent and singular Samsara The cycle of rebirth karma action and its consequences All actions have predictable effects Nature of it is not universally agreed upon by Hindu community Brahman true reality Atman individual reality Maya the power of illusion Om Aum A sacred syllable made up of AUM Represents many important triads earthhuman midregionnature and heavendivine the three dieties three elements fire wind and sun and the three twiceborn castes Orthodoxy vs Orthopraxy Orthodoxy is adhering to or accepting a particular belief or faith People believing in the same way Orthopraxy is when the right kind of practice is more important Theodicy Greek term for llJustice of God It is a philosophical method of dealing with the problem of evil Hinduism The Formative Period 13 15 Indus Valley Located in current day Pakistan Several cities have been unearthed near the Indus River The city planning is organized in a grid format with people of similar careers and social standings living in the same block Lasted from about 2500 BCE to 1500 BCE No real expansion through war Aryans Possibly brought on the decline of the Indus Valley civilization through invasion It s not so much a racial classification as a linguistic one They brought with them the IndoEuropean language Settled in Eastern Punjab and then gradually migrated Indus River North West India Pakistan border 16 Aryan Migration Theory the invasion of the Aryans from outside the Indus Valley conquering the Indus Valley region as they moved southward 17 Cultural Transformation Theory Aryan culture is an indigenous development of the Indus Valley civilization Hindu Religious Literature 18 ruti that which is heard Sanskrit texts that are regarded as revelation Eternal authorless oral history that were seen by rsi seers Oral tradition 19 Smriti that which is remembered recollection a class of texts based on human memory and therefore tradition Its role has been to elaborate upon explain interpret and clarify primary revelation 20 Ramayana Composed in the Classical Age 400 BCE600 CE an epic that is an addition to the Vedas afterwards Written by Sage Valmiki India s first great poet The sourcebook for dharma as depicted through the life of a perfect man Rama 21 Mahabharata Composed in the Classical Age 400 BCE600 CE an epic that is an addition to the Vedas afterwards The longest poem in the word Stories of seers sages and divine incarnations Family feuds beautiful women and dutiful wives Smrti 22 Bhagavad Gita became an extremely influential religious text from the early modern period to the present even though it is not a revelation It is part of Mahabharata and only 18 chapters A dialogue about righteousness and about a war between kinsmen Smrti 23 Puranas Composed in the Classical Age 400 BCE600 CE compilations of ancient myths legends and history The creation of the world and various deities stories 1 lt Varn shrama dha rma N P Varndshramadharma duties according to social rank and stage of life N U39I Varna largely theoretical The prescriptive as opposed to descriptive truth VedicAryan class system N 0 4 Varnas The Brahminspriest Kstatriyawarrior Vaisyacommoner Sudraservant N l Jati ones birth group based on kinship geographic limit purity of pollution ritual observances clothing and hierarchy N 00 Twiceborn The first three Varna classes The males of these classes underwent Vedic initiation a rite of passage that gave them access to being full members of a ritualcentered society N RD Purity and Pollution A changing way of determining cleanliness and ritual purity Brahmin class could be almost constantly pure because of the rules Untouchables do the dirtiest work and considered to be too unclean W O As39rama Stage of Life Bramacarya celibate student hood Grhastha householding Vanaprastha forest dwelling Sannyasa renunciation 31 As39rama s V Gods and Goddesses
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