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by: Ericka Franecki


Ericka Franecki
GPA 3.76

Seth Bassett

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Seth Bassett
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ericka Franecki on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GEO 1400 at Florida State University taught by Seth Bassett in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 90 views. For similar materials see /class/205651/geo-1400-florida-state-university in Geography at Florida State University.




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Date Created: 09/17/15
Readings Zelinsky Superabundance of Signs amp Lewis Axioms of the Landscape Cha ter 6 Ethnicity m a two part behavioral and structural process by which a minority population reduces or loses com letel its identifying cultural characteristics and blends into the host society ll the process by which migration movements from a common home area to a specific destination are sustained by links of friendship or kinship between first movers and later followers l I in plural societies the early arriving ethnic group that created the first effective settlement and established the recognized cultural norms to which other later groups are expected to conform quot l a pattern of movement and settlement resulting from the collective action of a distinctive social or ethnic group a societies collective beliefs symbols values forms of behavior and social organizations together with its tools structures and artifacts created according to the groups conditions of life transmitted as a heritage to succeeding generations and undergoing adoptions modifications and chanes in the rocess A collective term for a group displaying uniform cultural characteristics llI a small area occupied by a distinctive minority culture people sharing a distinctive culture frequently based on common national origin religion ce l a small rural area settle by a single distinctive ethnic group that placed its imprint on the landsca e W ethnic quality39 affiliation with a group whose racial cultural religious or linguistic characteristics or national o s disti uish it from a larger population within which it is found the influence that the characteristics of an early dominant settlement group exert forced or voluntary segregated residential area housing a racial ethnic or religious minority a farm or other property consisting of a long narrow strip of land extending back from a river or among the total population Chater 7 the body of institutions customs dress artifacts collective wisdoms and traditions of a s isolated largely selfsufficient and relatively static social group Uf the tangible physical items produced and used by members of a specific culture group and reflective of their traditions lifestyles and technologies quotii lL ll n the oral traditions songs and stories of a culture group along with its beliefs and customar behaviors E the loss of locally distinctive characteristics and identity and replacement by standardized landsca es iii the constantly changing mix of material and nonmaterial elements available through mass roduction and the mass media to an urbanized heterogeneous nontraditional society aka vernacular region a region perceived and defined by its inhabitants usually with a ularly given or accepted nickname popular region Chapter 8 the science and practice of farming including the cultivation ofthe soil and the rearing of u i Cti Wl a system of production of goods and services for exchange in competitive markets rice and availability are determined by supply and demand forces 391 the process of growth expansion or realization of potential bringing regional resources into full roductive use ninrii il 139quot 2 the branch of systematic geography concerned with how people support themselves with the spatial patterns of production distribution and consumption of goods and services and with the areal variation of economic activities over the surface of the earth 39 a crop or livestock system characterized by low inputs of labor per unit area of land It ma be art of either a subsistence or commercial economy 1 Lil liil primary activities involving the mining and quarrying of nonrenewable metallic and nonmetallic mineral resources primary activities involving the subsistence or commercial harvesting of renewable natural r sources of land or water Primitive gathering involves local collection of food and other materials of nature bo h lant and animal Commercial gathering usually implies forestry and fishing industries i quot l t an economic and social system based primarily or exclusively on the hunting of wild animals and the gathering of food fiber and other materials from uncultivated plants ll39vj ll 339 intensive commercial agriculture intensive subsistence agriculture iii 39 a physically occurring item that a population perceives to be necessary and useful to its maintenance and well being i mi atory but controlled movement of livestock soley dependent on natural forage q a system of production of goods and services usually consumed or distributed by a overnmental agency in quantities at prices and in locations determined by governmental program 39 those parts ofthe economy involved in making natural resources available for use or 39ncluded are mining agriculture forestry fishing and hunting and grazing activit level often considered only as a specialized subdivision of tertiary activities a sometimes separately recognized subsection of tertiary activity management functions involvmg highestlevel decision making in all types of large organizations Also deemed the most advanced form of the quaternary subsector Mil those parts of the economy involved in the processing of raw materials derived from primary actIVIties and in altering or combining materials to produce commodities of enhanced utility and value included are manufacturing construction and power generation i i J aka slash and burn agriculture swidden agriculture crop production on tropical forest clearings kept in cultivation until their quickly declining fertility is lost Cleared plots are then abandoned and new sites are reared see shifting cultivation i an economic system of relatively simple technology in Which people produce most or all of the goods to satisfy their own and their families needs little or no exchange occurs outside of the immediate or extended family aka shifting cultivation those parts of the economythat fulfill the exchange function that provide market availability of commodities and that bring together consumers and providers of service included are retail and wholesale trade associated transportational and governmental services and personal and rofessional services of all kinds if if model developed bey Johann Heinrich von Thunen 17831850 German economist and landowner to explain the forces that control the prices of agricultural commodities and how those variable roces affect patterns of agricultural land utilization quotdin the concentric zonal pattern of agricultural land use around a single market center proposed in the von thunen model Chater 9 7 the spatial grouping of people or activities for mutual benefit in economic geography the concentration of productive enterprises for collective or cooperative use of infrastructure and sharing of labor reso ces and market access e savings to an individual enterprise derived from locational association with a cluster of other similar economic activities such as other factories or retail stores H gt will comparative advantage deglomeration distance decay freight rates inelastic demand interdependence isotropic plain leastcost theory linehaul costs locational cost locational interdependence market equilibrium price primary activity profit maximization producer quaternary activities quinary activities secondary activities services spatial margin of profitability spatially fixed costs spatially variable costs spatial margin of profitability supply curve terminal costs tertiary activities uniform isotropic plain variable costs of transportation Weberian analysis Chapter 10 nation nationalism nation state frontier zone physical boundary political geography proru pt state state geopolitics


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