Psychology 202 week 10 lecture notes
Psychology 202 week 10 lecture notes PSY 202
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Devan Atteberry on Wednesday March 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 202 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Gary Laver in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.
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Date Created: 03/09/16
Devan Atteberry 3/7/16 Psych 202 WEEK 10 Clinical Disorders Depression I. Behavior follows along a continuum, when you cross the line that’s when it becomes a clinical disorder II. Overview A. Symptoms quiet stresses, physical problems B. Triggers Any eventful life experiences involving work, social life, or relationships C. Underlying causes more subtle, underlying psychological processes that have been derailed 1. Could be caused by environmental stressors 2. Or your learning process D. Best treatment after identifying the cause of depression pick the best method to handle it III. Depression A. Prevalence so common almost everyone will experience it at some point in their life 1. 50% of the general population has some form of clinical depression 2. #1 mental health problem today 3. College students are at a much higher risk a. 78% of students will experience it during the academic year b. 50% of the symptoms are serious and need to be addressed B. “Normal” Depression feel incompetent, harder to make decisions, feel helpless, less sleep and appetite 1. Reactive depression reaction to a negative life event (loss, work, school, romance) a. Situation sensitive can change your depression by changing your situation, improve or make worse b. Very adaptive 2. Grief reaction situation is much worse and impactful (death of parent or child) C. Clinical Depression 1. Excessive it seems like your depression is a lot for the situation 2. Interferes it becomes a problem in day to day life 3. Chronic Keeps happening despite other circumstances changing D. Triggers 1. Academic failures performance failure 2. Career and Life goals Wanting to change majors, feeling unhappy with career choice 3. Social relationships college students feeling homesick E. Models of Depression 1. Biological depression could be due to biological brain problem a. Take antidepressant drugs to fix 2. Learning models a. Reinforcement theory “ loss of positive reinforcement” b. Learned helplessness Can’t control or help the environment around you 1. Apply this to other situations even if there are other alternatives 2. Beagle Experiment 3. Cognitive Model how you are thinking about things a. Thinking distortedly causes depression b. Depressogenic style Behavioral Psychotherapy I. Behavior Therapies (learning) A. Counterconditioning 1. Systematic desensitization a. In clinical disorder phobias it is the best treatment b. Use virtual reality (fake recreation) or In vivo ( put person into actual situation where phobia is created so they can conquer the fear) 2. US noise UR fear 3. CS Rabbit CR Fear and eventual relaxation B. Operant (Behavior modification) consequences used to change behavior 1. Positive reinforcement 2. Extinction behavior will begin to disappear 3. Aversive control behavior drops rapidly 4. Example autism reduce selfdestructiveness II. Humanistic therapies client centered therapies A. Incongruence B. Therapeutic environment therapist is actively involved 1. Therapist gives unconditional positive regard a. Makes patient feel comfortable 2. Therapist is empathetic 3. Therapist is genuine C. Nondirective approach create proper environment but patient solves their problem themselves III. Cognitive Therapies A. Distorted thinking disorder B. Change thoughts change behavior C. Rational Emotive therapy (Albert Ellis) IV. Psychoanalytic/ Psychodynamic Therapy A. Make unconscious conflicts become conscious B. Stages 1. Safe relationship therapeutic alliance 2. Working through unique to this type of therapy, no longer overwhelmed by disorder and begin to distinguish underlying causes and reactions a. Transference 3. New patterns of behavior V. Biological treatments A. Brain dysfunctions cause abnormal behavior B. Correct dysfunction and normality returns VI. Treatments Compared 16 weeks treatme Contr nt Psychotherapy Biological ol Cog- Placebo- % symptoms decrease behavioral anti dep. Drug drug+support 50-60% 50-60% 30% Follow up Fastest results Lower relapse Improve xxxxx