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Psychology 202 week 10 lecture notes

by: Devan Atteberry

Psychology 202 week 10 lecture notes PSY 202

Devan Atteberry
Cal Poly

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Behavioral Psychotherapy and Clinical disorders- depression
General Psychology
Gary Laver
Class Notes
Psych 202, clinical disorder, behavior psychotherapy
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Devan Atteberry on Wednesday March 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 202 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Gary Laver in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.


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Date Created: 03/09/16
Devan Atteberry 3/7/16 Psych 202 WEEK 10 Clinical Disorders­ Depression I. Behavior follows along a continuum, when you cross the line that’s when it becomes a clinical  disorder II. Overview A. Symptoms­ quiet stresses, physical problems B. Triggers­ Any eventful life experiences involving work, social life, or relationships C. Underlying causes­ more subtle, underlying psychological processes that have been  derailed 1. Could be caused by environmental stressors 2. Or your learning process D. Best treatment­ after identifying the cause of depression pick the best method to  handle it III. Depression A. Prevalence­ so common almost everyone will experience it at some point in their life 1. 50% of the general population has some form of clinical depression 2. #1 mental health problem today 3. College students are at a much higher risk a. 78% of students will experience it during the academic year b. 50% of the symptoms are serious and need to be addressed B. “Normal” Depression­ feel incompetent, harder to make decisions, feel helpless, less  sleep and appetite 1. Reactive depression­ reaction to a negative life event (loss, work, school,  romance) a. Situation sensitive­ can change your depression by changing your  situation, improve or make worse b. Very adaptive 2. Grief reaction­ situation is much worse and impactful (death of parent or child) C. Clinical Depression 1. Excessive­ it seems like your depression is a lot for the situation 2. Interferes­ it becomes a problem in day to day life 3. Chronic­ Keeps happening despite other circumstances changing D. Triggers 1. Academic failures­ performance failure 2. Career and Life goals­ Wanting to change majors, feeling unhappy with career  choice 3. Social relationships­ college students feeling homesick E. Models of Depression 1. Biological­ depression could be due to biological brain problem a. Take antidepressant drugs to fix 2. Learning models a. Reinforcement theory­ “ loss of positive reinforcement” b. Learned helplessness­ Can’t control or help the environment around you 1. Apply this to other situations even if there are other alternatives 2. Beagle Experiment 3. Cognitive Model­ how you are thinking about things a. Thinking distortedly causes depression b. Depressogenic style Behavioral Psychotherapy I. Behavior Therapies (learning) A. Counterconditioning 1. Systematic desensitization a. In clinical disorder phobias it is the best treatment b. Use virtual reality (fake recreation) or In vivo ( put person into actual  situation where phobia is created so they can conquer the fear) 2. US noise ­­­­­­­­ UR fear 3. CS Rabbit­­­­­­­ CR Fear and eventual relaxation B. Operant (Behavior modification)­ consequences used to change behavior 1. Positive reinforcement 2. Extinction ­­­ behavior will begin to disappear 3. Aversive control­ behavior drops rapidly 4. Example­ autism­ reduce self­destructiveness II. Humanistic therapies­ client centered therapies A. Incongruence B. Therapeutic environment­ therapist is actively involved 1. Therapist gives unconditional positive regard a. Makes patient feel comfortable 2. Therapist is empathetic 3. Therapist is genuine C. Nondirective approach­ create proper environment but patient solves their problem  themselves III. Cognitive Therapies A. Distorted thinking­ disorder B. Change thoughts­ change behavior C. Rational Emotive therapy (Albert Ellis) IV. Psychoanalytic/ Psychodynamic Therapy A.  Make unconscious conflicts become conscious B. Stages 1. Safe relationship­ therapeutic alliance 2. Working through­ unique to this type of therapy, no longer overwhelmed by  disorder and begin to distinguish underlying causes and reactions a. Transference 3. New patterns of behavior V. Biological treatments A. Brain dysfunctions cause abnormal behavior B. Correct dysfunction and normality returns VI. Treatments Compared 16 weeks treatme Contr nt Psychotherapy Biological ol Cog- Placebo- % symptoms decrease behavioral anti dep. Drug drug+support 50-60% 50-60% 30% Follow up Fastest results Lower relapse Improve xxxxx


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