Personality Psych, monday 1-25-16
Personality Psych, monday 1-25-16 Psych 319
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan Miller on Wednesday March 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 319 at Indiana University taught by Dr. Alan Roberts in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Personality Psychology in Psychlogy at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 03/09/16
p319 1-25 01/25/2016 ▯ Defense mechanisms**** Operate unconsciously Distortion of reality, so reality is less threatening Important because one aspect of Freudian theory that is still accepted, most of what he believes has been rejected, but these are acknowledged as true, represent lasting contribution of Freud Repression- blocks anxiety provoking situation out of conscious o “Motivated forgetting”, purposeful, forgetting because its too threatening to deal with o putting it in unconscious, no longer have memory all defense mechanisms deal with some sort of repression Projection- denying own feelings or desires by attributing them to someone else, projecting own desires to another o Ex: husband is sexually attracted to co-worker, then accuses wife of cheating, attributing his feelings to her Reaction formation- opposite of impulse, expressing opposite of what their desire is, insecure person who brags a lot o Prejudice white subjects, go out of their way to appeal to blacks and shield their racism Displacement- redirecting unacceptable impulse onto acceptable target, boss yells at you, you yell at wife, wife yells at kids, etc o Redirect unacceptable impulse (punching boss onto less threatening object) Sublimation- take unacceptable impulse (anger) and channel it into something socially acceptable, instead of going home and yelling at your wife, go work out o Freud- almost everything productive comes from sublimation o Art is commonly found to be sublimation (expression of feelings) Rationalization- when person lessens conflict by providing a justification, provide justification for behavior so it seems more appropriate, minimizing seriousness of conflict o Ask someone out and get rejected, say they weren’t that cute anyway, you didn’t have time for that Denial- step beyond rationalization, refusing to accept situation, rationalization minimizes the significance, denial refuses to believe its even true, keep memory of event o Ask someone out and get rejected, eh ill ask them again tomorrow I know they really like me Intellectualization- detaching oneself from the emotion of a situation, emotion is threatening, not the situation o Acknowledge situation but remove themselves from emotion because it’s the painful part (doctors removing emotions) ▯ Psychosexual stages of personality development*** Freud argued that people pass through series of stages in personality development, how personalities develop Each stage is associated with particular conflict o Person must successfully resolve this conflict before moving on to next stage Conflicts revolve around ways of obtaining sexual gratification Children seek sexual gratification at each stage by investing libidinal energy in a specific body part- erogenous zone Two ways things can go wrong: needs are not fulfilled or needs to are fulfilled instantly and automatically o Over indulgence o Under indulgence If a child fails to resolves a conflict at a particular stage, he or she may get stuck in that stage or become fixated Each successive stage represents a more mature mode of obtaining sexual gratification o Moving on requires resolution of the conflict ▯ Stages: Oral stage (birth to 18 months) o Main sources of pleasure and tension reduction are the mouth, lips, and tongue o Key conflict is weaning- withdrawing from breast or bottle Successfully weaned progress to the next stage o Fixations caused: Over indulgence- symptoms include selfishness, dependency, compulsive talking Frustration (under indulgence)- symptoms include, nail biting, sarcasm, thumb sucking, greed ▯ ▯