POLS 1020 week 10 (right before exam2 )
POLS 1020 week 10 (right before exam2 ) Political science 1020
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eunji Kim on Wednesday March 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Political science 1020 at Clemson University taught by Aron G. Tannenbaum in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in Political Science at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 03/09/16
POLS 1020 Week 10 Part I (Before Exam 2, included in Exam 2) International Women’s Day. Israeli – Palestinian Impasse Introduction to Israel – Palestine Impasses Two Peoples, One Land What were the Alternatives, 1948? o A bi-national state Two nations in one state Arab majority, 1200000 Jewish minority, 500000 o Two State solution /Partition o Jewish – majority state called State of Israel o Arab majority state called State of Palestine State of Israel exists o Prosperous and democratic o Jewish majority and Palestinian minority No State of Palestine o Israeli military occupation of Palestinian lands o Palestinian refugees in neighboring Arab states Involuntary Exchange of Population o Approx. 700000 Arab inhabitants of Palestine became refugees after the 1948 war, living in nearby Arab countries Their children and grandchildren inherit refugee status and are denied many rights and benefits by Arab governments o Approx. 700000 Jewish inhabitants of Arab countries were expelled during the 1950s and went to Israel o They became productive citizens of Israel A brief History of the Israel – Palestine Relationship o 1948 – 1987 Arab Three No’s: No negotiations, no recognitions, no peace Arabs attacked Israel several times; Israel won Israel conquered Palestinian territories o 1987 – 1991 Palestinian first intifada o 1991 – 2000 Oslo Peace Process o 2000 – 2005 Palestinian second intifada o 2005 – present Inconclusive wars and inconclusive wars and inconclusive negotiations Politics of the present day Impasse Moderates and Extremists Israeli moderates want a two-state solution with security guarantees for Israel Palestinian moderates want a two- state solution no Jewish settlements on the West Bank Israeli extremists want a greater state of Israel and no state of Palestine Palestinian extremists want a single States of Palestine and no State of Israel The Four-Partner Dance The Israeli moderates and the Palestinian moderates negotiate for peace The Israeli extremists try to torpedo negotiations by settlements and price tag attacks against Palestinians The Palestinian extremists try to torpedo negotiations by terror and violence against Israelis An Israel Security Dilemma o Fear that an independent Palestinian State would launch an attack against Israel from the West Bank o The Gaza / Hamas Example Israel voluntarily evacuated Gaza in 2005 Hamas won Palestinian legislative elections 2006 Hamas staged coup, took over Gaza 2007 Hamas launched missile attack against Israel 2008, 2012, 2014 Palestinian Security Dilemma o The Palestinian State will be demilitarized o If Palestinian extremists wage terror attacks against Israel, Israel will retaliate against the Palestinian state o Therefore the security of the Palestinian states depends upon the security of the State of Israel BDS, Goals of BDS with Israeli Dismantle Jewish settlements on the West Bank o Good idea but fear of Hamas takeover End Israeli economic boycott of Gaza o Would make it easier for Hamas to wage war against Israel Allow Palestinian refugees to return to Israel o Israel would then have a Palestinian majority Create one state of both Jews and Arabs o That is, bring the states of Israel to an end against the wishes of its inhabitants 1. BDS 1: Anti – West Bank a. Boycott Do not purchase goods and services made in the Israeli – occupied West bank b. Divest Do not incest in businesses that are connected with eh Israeli – occupied West Bank c. Sanction: Cut off tire with individuals and groups that are connected with eh Israeli occupied west bank 2. OR BDS 2: Anti-State of Israel? a. Boycott: Do not purchase goods and services made in the State of Israel and West Bank b. Divest: Do no invest in business that are connects with the state of Israel and the west bank c. Sanction: Cut off ties with individuals and groups that are connects with the State of Israel and the West Bank 3. OR BDS 3: Anti-Semitic? a. Boycott: Do not purchase goods and services made by Jews anywhere in the world b. Divest: Do not invest in business that are connected with the Jewish persons anywhere in the world c. Sanction: Cut off ties with individuals and groups that are made by Jews anywhere in the world Main question: Political Legitimacy? Apartheid by Race or Nationality? o South African Apartheid: separation on the basis of race Internationally regarded as illegitimate o Israel – Palestinians: separation on the basis of nationality Internationally recognized as legitimate The basis of the sovereign state system Role of the United States o US supports Israel’s right to exist o Liberal reasons for support Democratic state Economically and culturally part of West o Realist reasons for support o Projects US power in Middle East o US ally against Islamic terrorism o Division within the American Jewish Community o An Odd couple: American Evangelicals and the Israeli right wing o Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu Addresses Joint Session of Congress Role of International Actors The US European States Soviet Union/Russia – strongly anti-Israel Egypt, Jordan, Gulf States – made peace with Israel Iran – main Anti- Israel - The present Impasse Israel and PA agree on final goal o Create a state of Palestine o Recognize, live in peace with state of Israel o But deep suspicion on watch side of the other Hamas continues rejectionism o Supported by Iran, Arab jihadist o Extremists act up whenever peace appears be at hand