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by: Jamel Steuber DVM


Jamel Steuber DVM
GPA 3.69


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Class Notes
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This 27 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jamel Steuber DVM on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POL 201 at University of Miami taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see /class/205728/pol-201-university-of-miami in Political Science at University of Miami.

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Date Created: 09/17/15
Congress Institutional Structure and Lawmaking Thursday Mme 12 Bicameralism Congress Senate and the House of Representatives Senate 100 members 2 per state House of Representatives 435 members According to population Constituencies House members serving well organized local interest Smaller constituency and frequent elections Senate serving larger more homogenous public Statewideinterests House vs Senate Larger 435 members Smaller 100 members Shorter term in office 2 years Longer term of office 6 years Narrower constituency Broader more varied constituencies Less press and media coverage More press and media coverage Less prestige More prestige Oklahoma Representatives John Sullivan 1 Dan Boren 2 Frank Lucas 3rd Tom Cole 4th Mary Fallin 5th Senators James Inhofe Tom Coburn Party Caucus Members automatically part oftheir parties caucus 0 Democratic and Republican Party Caucuses decide on leadership Speaker of the House Only leadership post provided for in the Constitution Develops parties position persuades members to support position Right to speak first during House debate Power to recognize members Pelosi vs Chenev Other Members of the House Leadership Majority leader Majority whip Minority leader Minority whip Senate Leadership Majority leader majority whip Minority leader minority whip Vice President presiding officer Sarah Palin President pro tempore majority party s senior member Senators more reluctant to accept leaders Standing Committees Permanent Specialize in a policy area 21 in the House 20 in the Senate Fixed number of members Broken down into subcommittees Ex Education and Labor Joint Committees Members of both chambers 4 joint committees Fact finding and reporting Ex Joint Economic Committee Select Committees Temporary Specific purpose Issues outside other committee jurisdictions Ex Homeland Security Watergate Conference Committees Temporary 0 Work out differences between the House and the Senate on legislation Committee Membership 0 Each includes Democrats and Republicans but the majority has the majority of members Each party has a committee to determine who fills committee vacancies Committee members decide amongst themselves who serves on which subcommittees Seniority 0 Defined as the years of consecutive service on a committee 0 Members generally stay on the same committee 0 Senior majority party members become committee chairs Committee Chairs 0 Responsible for scheduling committee meetings determining the order in which bills are considered presides over subcommittee discussions directs the committee s majority staff and can choose to lead the debate when a committee bill reaches the floor 0 Always members ofthe majority party The Purpose of Seniority Designed to reduce power struggles 0 Provide experienced leadership 0 Problem leaders can be put in place without control ofthe party As a result Republicans have term limits for committee chairs Bill Introduction How a Bill Becomes a Law Introduced by any member of Congress Introduced to the House or Senate then sent to the relevant committees The committee sends it the appropriate subcommittees Subcommittee sends back to committee if it feels it is warranted Markup session debate and amend legislation House Rules Committee Defines rules for debate on the floor Determine how long debate will last when bill will be voted on Decide if bill receives a closed rule open rule or something in between Gives majority party greater control of legislation Senate Rules Leadership proposes rules for floor action 0 All bills subject to unlimited debate Unless 35ths of the Senate votes for cloture which is used often used to defeat a filibuster Mr Smith Goes to Washington Members can add any amendment to a bill regardless of relevance House vs Senate One major committee assignment results Two or more major committee in policy specialists assignments results in policy generalists Speaker s referral of bills to committees is Referral decisions are easy to challenge hard to challenge Rules Committee is powerful controls Rules Committee is weak time of debate admissibility of amendments Debate usually limited to one hour Unlimited debate unless shorted by unanimous consent or invoking cloture Nongermane amendments may not be Nongermane amendments may be introduced from the floor introduced Floor Decide to confirm or modify decisions made in committee subcommittee To pass bill needs a simple majority 50 0 If a bill passes and the other chamber has yet to pass a similar bill it is sent to that chamber Conference Committees lfthe other chamber has a bill that is not identical a conference committee is formed Members of both chambers Must work out a compromise Send compromised version to both chambers for final approval Identical bills must pass both chambers Typesofvo ng Unrecorded votes voice vote divisionstanding vote Recorded votes teller vote roll call vote Senate only uses voice and roll call Party vote a vote in which 50 or more of the members of one party take a particular position while at least 50 of the members of the other party take the opposing position Vote on the Bailout Health Care Bill in the House Introduced to committees Rules Committee determines 4 hours of debate Stupak amendment introduced and debated Boehner amendment introduced and debated Stupak passes 240 194 Boehner fails 176 258 Bill itself passes 220 215 Health Care Bill in the Senate Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid yet to schedule floor debate CNN 60 votes The President Sign the bill for it to become law If he vetoes the bill can be overridden by 23rds of each chamber of Congress If fails to sign within 10 days while Congress in session automatically law If fails to sign within 10 days and Congress is not in term does not become law


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