New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Civic Partic Democ

by: Jamel Steuber DVM

Civic Partic Democ POL 548

Jamel Steuber DVM
GPA 3.69


Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Political Science

This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jamel Steuber DVM on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POL 548 at University of Miami taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 77 views. For similar materials see /class/205729/pol-548-university-of-miami in Political Science at University of Miami.

Similar to POL 548 at UM

Popular in Political Science


Reviews for Civic Partic Democ


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/17/15
Political Science 548 KY Civic Participation and Democracy Weekly Discussion Questions Section 2 Participatory Democracy in the United States 1 What is civic participation Why is it so important 2 What is civil society What is social capital What are bridging and bonding social capital 3 What do people do to be civically active For example how do the authors of Voice and Equality categorize different civic acts What does Skocpol focus on what types of organizations is she looking at in her chapter 4 What types of data are Skocpol and the authors of Voice and Equality using to make their arguments 5 Why is the Verba et al book entitled Voice and Equality We ve talked about voice in terms of the importance of civic participation but what about equality 6 Who doesn t participate in civic life According to Voice and Equality what are politically relevant characteristics PRCs For example why is a person s income a PRC but the amount of free time that they have is not Is race a PRC Why or why not 7 Why is participatory inequality a problem 8 Americans in general participate a lot in civic life Based on what we ve read this week why is the US so participatory 9 What is a political culture What is the American political culture like Why does the US have a liberal political culture What impact does political culture have on how political and economic institutions are structured in the US Why does a diverse population of people have the same political culture the same way Section 3 Political Culture and Public Opinion in the United States 1 Why do we need to spend a week on public opinion 2 What is public opinion 3 How do researchers measure public opinion How do we select the people that we are going to poll What are some problems or biases that exist in polls 4 Where do people get their opinions from 5 What is ideology What is partisanship Are these the same 6 What are the two major types of policy that we deal with in government think to the Kansas book here What are the two spheres addressed in that book What do Americans think about these policies review the text here 7 Opinions vary based on what your daytoday life is like For example what about income and education how do these impact public opinion What about race What about gender 8 What is the culture war What is the puzzle that the author examines in the Kansas book What is his answer to this puzzle Do we agree with this assessment Are there problems with the argument presented in the Kansas book think about the Fiorina book and the Bartels paper here 9 Can citizen rule How informed is public opinion Opinion is uninformed and irrational but is it all bad 10 Do citizens rule lfcitizens rule then the government should be giving them what they went Does this happen Section 4 Methods of Participating 1 Political Participation 1 What is quotpolitical participationquot What are some examples of political participation 2 What are the four ways that we categorize and describe political acts review from week 2 3 How is political civic activity different from nonpolitical civic activity Why is the line so fuzzy between political and nonpolitical participation in the US 4 Why is voting so important in a democracy What has happened to the franchise over time in the US How has this happened 5 What are the costs and bene ts associated with voting What is mobilization and what does it do to the costs and bene ts of voting 6 Based on the costs and bene ts who votes What is the role of education and income race gender and age 7 What is an interest group Is this the same as a political party Is it the same as a bunch of people that feel the same way about an issue 8 We have lots ofinterest groups in this country and we39ve been getting more and more over time Why is this 9 How do all ofthese interest groups try to get what they want For example how do they work both inside and outside of the government to pressure elected officials 10 Are interest groups effective How has interest group influence changed over time For example what is the difference between oldstyle quotiron trianglesquot and newstyle quotissue networksquot Does this matter 11 What types of interest groups do we have in this country What are private interest groups and how do they differ from quotcitizen groupsquot 12 What is the biggest obstacle to organizing an interest group How has this obstacle been overcome 13 Are interest groups quotgoodquot for democracy How do interest groups differ from older and more traditional political groups like federated organizations Skocpol and local organizations Putnam Are they better worse the same 15 How much do Americans participate in politics relative to citizens of other countries Why 16 How active are Americans in politics today relative to the past Why Section 5 Methods of Participating 2 NonPolitical Participation 1 What is nonpolitical civic participation How does it differ from political participation What are some examples of nonpolitical civic activity 2 How active are we in nonpolitical civic activities relative to how active we are in political activities 3 What are formal and informal nonpolitical civic participation Think about the Putnam reading here 4 What are some examples of FORMAL nonpolitical civic participation that Putnam examines Why are these organizations relevant to the study of civic life 5 Non political civic groups give us politicallyrelevant experiences and skills But group participation also generates social capital What is social capital How do we get it from participating in formal nonpolitical civic groups Why is social capital importantuseful 6 What has happened overall to participation in formal civic groups over time 7 What has speci cally happened to civic groups In addition to the fact that we participate in formal civic groups less these days Putnam also talks about how modern civic groups are not as good as older ones were He essentially argues against Berry from last week and argues that large national interest groups citizen groups are not good for democracy What is Putnam s argument here What is Berry s counterargument 8 Also what has happened to participation in religion and the workplace over time Have these changes weakened civil society 9 What is INFORMAL nonpolitical civic participation What are some examples ie what is maching and schmoozing Why is this stuff relevant to the study of civic life 9 Has informal nonpolitical civic participation declined over time like formal activities If so why does this matter to civil society For example why should we care if people are having fewer dinner parties these days 10 What about new types of social organization speci cally online communities on the Internet How will the Internet make civic life stronger What about the negatives 11 Putnam focuses on how social capital and nonpolitical civic involvement can strengthen political involvement What does the Rahn et al piece say to this and how do they go about trying to prove their argument Section 6 Why People Participate Or Why They Don t 1 Why do we expect that people shouldn t participate Think about the rational actor model brought up in Chapter 4 of Voice and Equality 2 Regardless of it being irrational to participate in civic life we do it anyway Why What does the rational actor model say here 3 What are some examples or types of selective incentives 4 What did the authors of Voice and Equality find when they asked people why they participate Do we totally try these ndings Why might we not 5 ln thinking about what motivates civic participation how do the reasons vary by the act in question 6 Why do people NOT participate 7 Should it matter what motivates our actions 8 What is a model Why are models useful What are the three parts of the Civic Voluntarism Model CVM 9 What isthe SES model How is the CVM an improvement overthe SES model How is the CVM an improvement on the rational actor model 10 First do all three elements of the CVM matter equally Why or why not How do the authors of Voice and Equality show this 11 How are time and money resources different Who has time and money 12 What are civic skills Where do we get these skills from Who has civic skills Why is education so important for the development of civic skills Why do different types of people acquire different amounts of skills from participating in nonpolitical institutions like the workplace 13 What is engagement Who is civically engaged 14 Both engagement and resources matter But when does engagement matter more and when do resources matter more 15 What is recruitment Why does most recruitment happen when we participate in non political institutions Why is recruitment through nonpolitical organizations more effective than things like phone calls or direct mail Who is recruited and why is this also unequal 16 What is issue engagement What does it do to your participation Section 7 Representation Equality and Democracy 1 What is representation What are descriptive and substantive representation 2 Do the elected of cials in this county look like the population Should this matter Do our representatives need to look like us In other words is descriptive representation necessary to get substantive representation 3 Do the people that participate in civic life look like the rest ofthe population lsthis a problem Why or why not 4 How do Verba et al measure participatory distortion What is the Logged Representation Scale LRS 5 How does participation vary by economic status Think about both political and non political civic participation 6 Do the rich and poor have different economic attitudes Do they have different needs from the government 7 What motivates participation by the rich and the poor 8 Are the poor people that do participate in civic activities like other poor people Why or why not 9 What about race ethnicity and gender Is the story more or less the same as it is for income 10 What about differences between racialethnic groups Who does betterworse Why Why is there less equality between women and men than between whites and nonwhites 11 There seems to be less inequality between the genders and the races on nonpolitical activity Why are women and minorities too more equal in the nonpolitical stuff 12 Try not to get too hung up on the math and statistics in Chapter 16 just try and see the intuition ofwhat they are doing What do Verba et al nd in Chapter 16 What variable or factor explains most of the distortion of civic voice that occurs Why does money matter so much in this model What about race and civic skills How are these different 13 In Chapter 16 Verba et al also find that certain factors can pull a person in opposite directions For example what did they say about abortion 14 In Extreme Voices Fiorina argues that more civic participation might actually be bad for democracy This seems strange Why does he say this What is his case study what happened in Concord 15 Why are extremists more active Fiorina talked about this in the appendix of his chapter 16 Think about Putnam s chapter on economic prosperity What is the value of social capital and participation in civic life here How does this relationship work Is there distortion here who has access to these networks and therefore to greater levels of prosperity Section 8 The Contemporary Decline of Civic Life 1 We ll begin this week by looking at Putnam What has happened to civic life in the United States since the 1960s Think about Chapter 10 here 2 Would about education In Chapter 10 Putnam looks at this Why might education be a culprit behind civic decline Is it 3 What are the other factors that do NOT explain civic decline Think about race the growth ofthe state and capitalism 4 What about time and money How do these help explain civic decline Think about the role of gender here 5 What about mobility and urban sprawl Do these help explain civic decline Why is sprawl so bad for social capital 6 What does Putnam say about technology and the mass media in Chapter 13 Why is TV so bad for civic life Why is it that TV leads you to become less active in civic activities and not the reverse What types of people have felt more of these negative effects of TV 7 What is Putnam s argument on generational difference Chapter 14 What explains these generational differences Think about the role that your environment has in socializing you here 8 How can we tell the difference between cohort and lifecycle effects We know that older people participate more than younger people do no matter what time period we are in So how does Putnam show that it s NOT just the fact that the Boomers or Gen X and Y are not old enough yet to be highly active in civic activites 9 What do Costa and Kahn say about the decline of social capital What do they say about the causes of declines in social capital Think about gender and race here 10 What critiques of Putnam are made in the three Tocqueville Files articles Do these authors agree with Putnam that there has been a decline in civic life Do they agree with Putnam on the causes of civic decline 11 While many people disagree with different parts ofthe Putnam argument there is a general consensus that civic life is less rooted in local organizations Skocpol documents this phenomenon in her chapter in the white book Advocates wo Members What happened and how does Skocopl explain this change Should we care about this change Section 9 The Comparative Context 1 Thinking about the Schofer amp FourcadeGourinchas article why does the structureorganization ofthe state and society matter Think about what they say about the organizational level and cognitive level 2 What is statism What happens to civic participation when we get when we have moreless statism 3 What is corporateness What happens to civic participation when we have moreless corporateness 4 In their study what do Schofer amp FourcadeGourinchas nd out about statism and corporateness 5 How important is the structure of government and society statism and corporateness relative to other individuallevel characteristics we ve looked at before like education and employment status What do Schofer amp FourcadeGourinchas nd 6 Schofer amp FourcadeGourinchas argue that it might be hard to engineer civic life from scratch Why are they so skeptical 7 Is the US high or low on statism and on corporateness What does this tell us about the nature of civic participation in the US 8 Thinking about the Jennings reading why would we expect participation to be lower in a communist country in the rst place What does Jennings nd Is the volume of participation higher or lower than we might expect from a communist country 9 What types of activates did Jennings look at and what is motivating these activities 10 What helps explain participation in China What factors does Jennings look at 11 The Chinese people in the Jennings study do participate but 41 ofthem are not active at all How might Schofer amp FourcadeGourinchas explain this with the concepts of statism and corporateness 12 In Democratic Phoenix what does Pippa Norris find Her rst big question is whether we are in a period of civic decline in the first place Are we Have there been declines in civic participation across the globe 13 The next question Norris looks at is WHY people participate She introduces this in Chapter 1 and eshes it out in Chapter 2 What is her model or explanation here What are the two main factors she looks at and how do they help explain civic participation Be sure to referto Figure 21 here 14 What is modernization Why does modernization increase civic participation Think about how modernization has an impact on all ofthe parts ofthe model presented in Democratic Phoenix 15 Norris also says that if anything civic life has changed in recent times What is this change and how does she explain it with the concept of modernization 16 Putnam argues that social capital makes democracy function better How does this work He talks about this in terms of the demandside and supplyside What does he say here 17 Civic life seems vital to democracy But does having a strong and vibrant civil society guarantee democracy What about the opposite Do we need democracy to have civil society 18 Is social capital always good Are there any negatives that can come out of social capital Section 10 The Future of Participatory Democracy 1 Why might new technology be bad for civil society 2 How might technology be used to strengthen civil society Think about all ofthe types of technology that Ray looks at in her chapter in the white book eg print media telephone transportation Internet etc 3 How does religious involvement get a person to participate in civic life 4 Why are there more Evangelical Christians today than mainline Protestants Is this good or bad for civic life and why 5 Being an Evangelical Christian does not get you more active in most civic activities But it does make you more likely to vote Why is this What might this mean for the future of politics and civic life in this country 6 Why does Bowling Alone look at the Gilded Age and Progressive Era If our goal is to increase civic participation today what lessons can we learn from these two eras 7 In general young people are always less engaged and less participatory Why is this 8 Why are young people today less active and engaged with politics that their parents and grandparents were at the same age What are some specific examples 9 In his nal chapter Putnam advocates getting young people active and interested in civic activity at an early age What were some of Putnam s ideas on how to socialize young people to civic participation


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.