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by: Jamel Steuber DVM


Jamel Steuber DVM
GPA 3.69


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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jamel Steuber DVM on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POL 599 at University of Miami taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see /class/205730/pol-599-university-of-miami in Political Science at University of Miami.

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Date Created: 09/17/15
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS PUBLIC OPINION 1 What is public opinion Where do our opinions come from Think about what the text book and the chapter from Political Behavior ofthe Mass Electorate say about this 2 What research question is being examined in The Nature and Origins of Mass Opinion Zaer 3 Review what Zaer says in Chapter 2 about information and predispositions Where does the information that we use to form our opinions come from and why What are predispositions and what role do they play in the processing of information and the formation of opinions 4 What is the RAS Model that Zaer presents in Chapter 4 What are the four axioms ofthis model 5 What is the quality ofAmerican public opinion Are we informed and knowledgeable Why or why not Does this matter 6 Think about what was said in The Rational Public What is collective rationality How does collective rationality emerge review the MX missile example 7 Does the concept of collective rationality go along with or against what Zaer says in The Nature and Origins of Mass Opinion 8 Even if collective rationality exists why might we still be worried about public opinion Review the arguments laid out in Chapter 10 of The Rational Public 9 In Information Shortcuts and the Reasoning Voter where does Popkin say that we get information on politics and current events from What are information shortcuts and how do they work 10 Think about what was said in Congress as Public Enemy What are some older explanations for why we hate congress so much What according to the authors is wrong with these existing explanations What is their alternative explanation 11 What type of evidence do Hibbing and TheissMorse use in Chapter 5 of Congress as Public Enemy What are the pros and cons associated with this type ofapproach What do they nd with these data Be sure know what the constitutional and Washington systems are Also review what are our speci c critiques of congress are DISCUSSION QUESTIONS CIVIC ENGAGEMENT AND PARTICIPATION 1 Thinking about Voice and Equality what are some examples of political participation Based on that how would you de ne what political participation is Why is the line between political and non political activities so blurry in the US How we can classify and describe these different activities eg think about the difference between voting and making a campaign contribution 2 How active we are in civic activities What types of activities are we more and less likely to participate in 3 What is Verba et al s answer to why a person doesn t participate in civic activities What are the three elements of the Civic Voluntarism Model CVM and how do they each rains the benefits and lower the costs of participating Which of these three factors is the most important 4 How does the CVM compare to the SES Model and Rational Actor Model 5 Based on the CVM who among us participates What are politically relevant characteristics eg think about why money is but time is not Why or when would participatory inequality be a problem How might we go about xing this problem 6 What argument is made in the Not Just ldle Talk paper Does this do along with or against Voice and Equality What type of data were used in this paper and why Are there problems with this type of data 7 Thinking about Bowling Alone what is social capital What are two different types or forms of social capital 8 What has happened to social capital over the years What doesn t explain this change What does 9 Why should we be worried about changes in social capital What does social capital do for us review the speci c example of democracy in Chapter 21 10 How might we turn around the decline in social capital Why might it be useful to look at lessons from the Progressive Era 11 What counterargument to Putnam is made in the article on disconnection and reorganization of civic life What data do the authors use to try and prove this What do they find DISCUSSION QUESTIONS ELECTIONS AND VOTING 1 Why do people vote Who votes Why is turnout low in the United States What has happened to turnout overtime and why Is low turnout a problem 2 How do we make our vote choice 3 How does each party figure out which candidate they are going to put up in the general election How was this done in the past Which method is better 4 How are House districts formed Why do single member districts favor a twoparty system 5 What is a critical election Was the 2006 midterm election a critical election What empirical claims does Mayhew lay out in his paper on realignment What are his critiques of these claims Why have there not been any realignments since 1932 What three alternative explanations for election results does Mayhew present at the end of this paper 6 What is an issue evolution What three things need to happen in order for us to have one What kind of issue cause this to happen How does Adams go about testing whether abortion is an IE issue What does he nd 7 What is divided government What are some ofthe consequences of divided government What are the accidental and purposive explanations for ticket splitting What is Burden and Kimball s explanation and how do they prove it Is this a purposive or accidental explanation When do we get more and less ticket splitting 8 Why are challenger candidates in House elections strategic What does it mean that they act strategically When does this happen How does Jacobson measure a candidate s quotqualityquot What evidence shows that challengers are strategic and that this strategy pays off Why are Republicans not strategic 9 lncumbency increases the ability to raise money and this increases the ability to retain of ce Why is this What is the impact of spending on the odds of wining How does being in office enhance your ability raise money Are different kinds of incumbents more advantaged How do we know that it just isn t the case that the people who win office are just better able to raise money because ofwho they are not because of the of ce they hold DISCUSSION QUESTIONS INTEREST GROUPS 1 Basic Review Questions What are interest groups IG What are they NOT What do we have so many le in the United States How do they try to in uence the government 2 What evidence and method ofanalysis does Olson use in The Logic of Collective Action 3 While there are lots of interest groups in the US not every interest has an organization to represent it in Washington Why is this according to Olson What example does he use ofa perfectly competitive market 4 How does Olson critique existing theories of group formation Think about what he says about the human instinct to create groups Also think about the differences that exist between small and large groups eg Why are small groups usually able to provide public goods Does this always work optimally in a small group How are larger groups different 5 Based on the distinctions that Olson makes between large and small groups he comes up with a taxonomy ofgroups What are the three different types of groups How do latent groups overcome the barriers to organizing What are selective bene ts 6 What is Walker s basic argument in his article on the origins and maintenance of le What type of evidence does he use to show this Think about what he nds with these data eg What types of groups does he nd What has happened to the number of le over time Do groups use coercion and selective bene ts as Olson would expect 7 What is Walker s explanation for how groups overcome barriers to organizing Does Walker agree with Olson or not 8 What is faction What are the two options to x this Why does removing the cause not work for Madison How do we control the effects of minority faction How do we control the effects of majority faction 9 In The Semisoven39gn People Schattschneider talks about the scope of political conflict What does he mean by this What does he say about the scope of con ict How is the IG system biased What is the solution to this in Schattschneider s opinion 10 What is the existing idea that Hall and Weyman challenge in their Buying Time paper What is their alternative Why do they focus on Congressional Committees What data and what variables do they use to prove their argument What do they find with these data 11 In his paper what does Berry say in response to Putnam and others who say that we need face toface forms of civic participation What is a citizen group What has happened to them over time Is this a defense ofthe IG system What would Schattschneider say in response DISCUSSION QUESTIONS POLITICAL PARTIES AND PARTISANSHIP 1 Some review questions What are political parties How are they different form interest groups IGs What function do parties serve Why do we have a system that is dominated by only two parties in the US 2 What is Schattschneider talking about when he writes about pressure groups in Party Government What types oftactics do pressure groups use to get what they want according to Schattschneider Based on that why are parties a superior way to govern When and why are pressure groups strong Doesn t party government lead to a tyranny ofthe majority 3 What is Aldrich s answer to the question why parties What three alternative existing ideas on the role and function of parties does Aldrich present in Chapter 1 Le diverse coalitions responsible party government and electoral competition Where doe Aldrich s perspective t in with these three existing theories 4 Why do candidates and elected of cials need help in pursing their goals Think about the problems they face when attempting to run for office when attempting to win votes and when attempting to make policy Why are political parties a good solution to these problems When is a party a good institutional solution 5 Is Aldrich for or against realignment theory How does Aldrich describe party change over time For example what did party look like in the past and how does it look today Why this change 6 Many say that the parties are weaker today Would Aldrich agree 7 According to The American Voter what is party identi cation Where does it come from Does it ever change or uctuate How do we measure party identi cation Why is party identification important to our understanding of politics 8 What are the revisionis and traditional theories of party identification presented in Partisan Hearts and Minds Which side do the authors agree with 9 According to the authors of Partisan Hearts and Minds where does party identi cation come from Does this perspective agree or disagree with The American Voter 10 How does the paper on Affect and Cognition in Party Identi cation build off of Partisan Hearts and Minds What problem does this paper address What do we find and why Are there any problems with the research design DISCUSSION QUESTIONS CONGRESS 1 In Legislative Leviathan what do they mean when they say parties are legislative cartels 2 What is a collective action dilemma How do you overcome a collective action dilemma What do central agents do When might a central agent not be needed to overcome a collective action dilemma What are some problems that can occur with central agents and how can they be overcome 3 Why do party leaders act as central agents What collective good are party members after 4 Who are the central agents in the party and what is their job What is the role of committee assignments in all ofthis Are party leaders able to affect committee assignments 5 What are the two perspectives on legislative organization discussed in Information and Legislative Organization Which one does the author favor Why does he argue that you need to look at institutions instead of policy outcomes in order to test these two theories 6 What evidence does Krehbiel present in Chapter 4 to try and show that the committee system was designed for informational purposes not distributive purposes What does he find Do you agree with his interpretaiotn ofthe results 7 What do the authors of Legislative Leviathan Cox and McCubbins think Are they in favor ofthe informational or distributive theory of congressional committees 8 How is the argument presented in Disjointed Pluralism different from the arguments presented by Krehbiel and Cox and McCubbins 9 What is disjointed pluralism What are the four claims in this argument 10 According to the author of Disjointed Pluralism what are the different interests that legislators have When does each interest matter more 11 What is the main source of evidence used in Home Style 12 How do legislators view their constituents 13 What is home style Where does it come from 14 What resources do legislators have How do they allocate them DISCUSSION QUESTIONS THE PRESIDENCY 1 What is the main point made by Neustadt What determines the leadership capacity of the president 2 What isthe difference between being a leader and a clerk According to Neustadt is the president a leader or clerk 3 lfthe president s power is his ability to lead where does this come from according to Neustadt What does he need to do and what does he need to do this 4 What is going public How does this theory compare to what Neustadt said about presidential power 5 Why has going public become more common over time 6 What are institutionalized pluralism and individualized pluralism How does policymaking work under each ofthese conditions Under which condition is going public more common Which condition do you prefer and why 7 What are the unilateral powers ofthe president Where do the come from 8 How does Howell s take on the presidency compare to Neustadt s 9 What is the main result that Howell gets in the theory testing chapter Chapter 4 How does he do this Think about what his hypotheses are what variables he uses and how he measures those variables 10 According to Skowronek what is the difference between power and authority Presidents can exercise power so why do they want authority Why is it hard for presidents to get authority When or how does he have more latitude to gain authority through the use ofhis power Do the personal characteristic of the president matter here 11 What is the difference between secular time and political time 12 What are the two dimensions on Skowronek s recurrent structures of presidential authority see Table 1 in Chapter 3 Be prepared to discuss each of these four structures Underthistypology when do presidents get more authority 13 Is there a historical pattern to the four recurrent structures of presidential authority What theory that we ve already discussed does this remind you of hint think about when the reconstruction presidencies happened DISCUSSION QUESTIONS THE COURTS AND LAW 1 Think about The Choices Justices Make How does the Supreme Court process of opinion writing work What are the three steps What is the puzzle that arises out ofthe fact that justices get to express their preferences before they sign on to an opinion 2 What are the three parts of strategic decision making by judges Review what is said in The Choices Justices Make about goals acting strategically and institutions Think about how Brennan acted on the Craig case How did he act strategically 3 Thinking about chapter 2 of The Choices Justices Make do justices actually seek policy goals when debating and deciding cases Think about what the authors nds about these parts ofthe process selection of cases discussing cases circulating opinions the nal vote on the case and the use ofdissents 4 Justices seek policy goals but should they What are the three other goals other than policy that justices have Do they try to pursue these too 5 According to The Choices Justices Make do justices actually affect policy 6 What does the structure ofthe federal court system look like according to Judging on a Collegial Court Which part of the court system are they looking at in this book 7 What are horizontal and vertical dissensus 8 In the second chapter ofJudging on a Collegial Court they look at how judges make choices The focus speci cally on the attitudinal model What is this What other factors do we need to consider other than the attitudinal preferences ofjudges 9 What is the example they look at in Chapter 3 Why would a judge file a separate concurring or dissenting opinion Focus on the various factors they use to try and explain concurrences and dissents ideology institutions priori career experience ofthe justice judicial prestige casespeci c factors and circuit characteristics 10 According to Judging on a Collegial Court do the decisions ofjudges have an impact on policy 11 What is the question being addressed in The Hollow Hope 12 What are the constrained and dynamic views ofthe Supreme Court Which is the correct view When and how will constraints on the court be overcome 13 What can we learn about the court from the example of civil rights reform that is presented in Chapters 2 and 5 of The Hollow Hope lfthe court did not cause civil rights reforms then what did 14 The Hollow Hope says that the role of the court in policymaking is limited But Judging on a Collegial Court says that judges have a meaningful impact on policy Who s right DISCUSSION QUESTIONS RACE AND ETHNICITY 1 According to McAdam Development of Black Insurgency what is pluralism How does this form the basis of the Classical Model CM of social movement SM formation Underthis theory are SMs rational or not How does McAdam critique the CM 2 How does the Resource Model RM compare to the CM Under the RM are SMs rational Underthe RM how do SMs work The RM is an improvement on CM but McAdam still does not like it Why 3 What is institutionalized politics How does this form the basis of the Political Process Model PPM From this perspective how do SMs develop review Figure 31 on page 51 4 What does McAdam add to the PPM to explain how long a SM lasts What are the two dilemmas that SMs face 5 Moving on to Dawson and Behind the Mule how do race and class determine your political interests Why is there a con ict between these two for Blacks What matters more for Blacks race or class 6 What is linked fate How does Dawson measure this concept What does he nd when he compares public opinion data between 1984 and 1988 Is there a sense oflinked fate in the Black community Does this matter more or less than class Why does linked fate matter to our study of politics think about how it impacts political behavior and preferences 7 Does Swain Black Faces Black Interests agree or disagree with Dawson on the unity of Black interests 8 How did we get more Blacks into of ce via districting laws Why is this no longer a viable way to get more minorities into power 9 What do we care about having more minorities in of ce in the rst place Think about the differences between descriptive and substantive representation 10 What do Swain s data say do we need Blacks in office to represent Blacks Is there any value in descriptive representation above and beyond substantive representation 11 What is the key message that you get out of The Perils of Panethnicity and The Partisan Hearts and Minds of US Immigrants What type of evidence do these two papers use DISCUSSION QUESTIONS POLICY AGENDAS 1 Thinking about Kingdon Agendas Alternatives and Public Policies what is the policy agenda Is this constant over time How is the process of creating policy solutions to problems the speci cation of alternatives different for agenda setting 2 Kingdon talks about three streams in the agenda setting and policy making process What are these This in mind what types of issues are more likely to get on the agenda Who is involved in setting the agenda and creating policy alternatives What types of political conditions create more or less agenda change How does this process of formulating policy alternatives work 3 According to Kingdon is agenda change usually fast or slow When can change be more rapid Think about what a policy window is and whenhow they are opened 4 Kingdon used data from the 1970s on two areas of public policy If he wrote his book today or on different policy issues would his book have come out differently 5 Moving on to Baumgartner and Jones Agendas and Instability in American Politics what phenomenon are they trying to explain 6 Kind oflike Kingdon Baumgartner and Jones look at the policy making micro politics and agenda setting macro politics phases In thinking about micro politics what are policy monopolies How and why is micro politics a process of incrementalism and negative feedback What about the agenda settingmacro politics side of the story Contrast this to the policy making process 7 Still on Baumgartner and Jones what is a policy image What is a policy venue How do the two interact and with what consequences 8 Do Baumgartner and Jones agree with Kingdon or not 9 Thinking about Jacobs and Shapiro Politicians Don t Pander what is pandering Does this always happen Or m ore speci cally what are they trying to explain in this book 10 What are the motivations of elected officials Based on that how responsive are they Think about the strong responsiveness and policyorientated models How does Jacobs and Shapiro s model differ form these two existing theories 11 What is crafted talk How is it done Why do politicians do this Do they always do this 12 Has crafted talk become more or less common over time Whyhow 13 What is the role ofthe press in the process of crafted talk 14 Does crafted talk work 15 Think about what is said about the Regan administration in Private Polls and Presidential Policymaking Does the author of this piece agree or disagree with Jacobs and Shapiro What evidence does the author use and what do the nd with that data


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