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by: Warren Parisian


Warren Parisian
GPA 3.77


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Class Notes
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This 20 page Class Notes was uploaded by Warren Parisian on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MCY 131 at University of Miami taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see /class/205733/mcy-131-university-of-miami in Musicology at University of Miami.




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Date Created: 09/17/15
L 9 1 2 Underst n ingMusi Eauy Eig t en 39 HTTPIIWWWMYMUSICLABCOMI Part4 5 THE CLASSEAL ERA km 2011 P a arsdnEduca bn l The Classical Era 1750 1800 quotClassicalquot A classic is something that endures this is the first music that never went out of fashion Ideals of Greek and Roman antiquity 17201790 Age of Enlightenment Freed from dark superstition Critical thinking and reasoned discussion important Interest in science 39 Pearson Edum m An Experiment on a Bird in the AirPump Empirical science and the application of reason dominated Enlightenment thought The Classical Era Discontent with the established social order French and American Revolutions Declaration of Independence Voltaire Rousseau Thomas Jefferson Emphasis on human rights and the pursuit of happiness New technology steam engine cotton gin interchangeable parts New urban population needed cultural institutions theaters and concert halls for the paying public Composers had to appeal to wider audiences End of the Revolutionary War George Washington accepts the surrender of British troops at Yorktown in 1781 39 Pearson Edumtim The Classical Era Haydn amp Mozart two leading composers Balance clarity and naturalness Melodies less complex more tuneful more balanced Phrasing more symmetrical based on dance rhythms Texture more often homophonic occasional polyphony Instruments equal importance with voice Themes as in sonata form or instruments as in the string quartet as characters that participate in rational conversations 1 71 cm 1 714 Penna m Ulrecm ands Wu nllha SpanishSuccusiun n9 nulan ecu a maiarglnhal power 1 7144733 DEE Each 1737 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 Ismph qumam mm 117321 Bus Joseph Haydn H 1 1351182 i Juhann cnnslian anh 1732 Paarmchsm39smmana by Benjamin anklm gt 1740 A aska disnnvnm by am nus Bevillu n39torThistswand Edition by Mark Evan Bonds 1 75611 791 Wullgauu Amadeus Muzan 1750 17554763 7Vears39 War H A 11511717 JUiderm s Encvnlnpedie puhhshed 1175 1 7751 781 American Ravnhmml 2011 Pearson Educaubn Incl Jppar Sa ddla Rivet All 7 39 1776 Declaration 1 Independence 1753 hwmmev39s mum gm invoduced 1 785 U S Cunsximiun FVEHL IV Revniminn NJ 01458 Rights Raserve39d 2 0 Joseph Haydn String Quartet in C Maj 2nd Movement itiltlsten Z0 277115 Timbre Texture Listen to how the sounds of the Notice how the melody always tour instruments blend together appears in one attire instruments and stand apart The registers of while the otherthree move around these instruments range from high it lsthe texture homophonic or the two violins to medium the polyphonic Also listen for the viola to low the cello buttheir passages in which not all at the sound quality is similar instruments are playing Melody Form Listen for the pauses that break Listen to the way the melody is the melody into sections known rst presented by one of the vio as phrases Which phrases sound lins and then repeated with very like endings Which demand a little change by each ofthe other continuation ufthe music Which instruments across the course of phrases are repeated the movement en tor39rhispsecond Edition 2011 Pearson Education Incuppa39r Saddle River NJ 07458 mun by Merl Evan Bonds All Rights Reserved The String Quartet Genre essentially established by Haydn Intimate genre Not generally for public performances Like a conversation among the players Heterogeneous texture Common Movements 1 Sonata form fast 2 Sonata theme and variations or ABA slower contrasting key 3 Minuet stylized dance in triple meter 4 Finale very fast The String Quartet Two violins viola Violoncello 39 Pearson Education String Quartet in C Major 2nd Movement 1797 Theme and Variations Popular Classical form Theme taken from Haydn39s song for the Holy Roman Emperor Franz ll39s birthday became Austrian national anthem Only instrumentation and accompaniment are varied here String Quartet in C Major 2nd Movement Theme hymnlike resembling fourpart harmony homophonic Variation 1 violin 2 has melody violin 1 accompanies Variation 2 cello has theme others accompany Variation 3 viola has melody only 3 voices for most of variation Variation 4 fourpart polyphony throughout String Quartet in C Major 2nd Movement Periodic Phrase Structure Comes from Latin word for quotsentencequot periodus AABCC A phrases have half cadences like commas B phrase has half cadence C phrases have full cadences like periods Joseph Haydn A podrait done during his years in London in the 17908 Joseph Haydn 1732 1809 Music Director for Prince Nicholas Esterhazy for almost 3 decades Composing for the Prince Conducting in charge of one of the best orchestras in Europe Keeping order among musicians Afterthe death of the Prince Haydn made 2 long trips to England 1790 Composed symphonies songs and piano works Returned to Vienna in 1795 produced oratorios Masses string quartets and taught Beethoven Other Classical Chamber Music and Solo Keyboard Music Joseph Haydn Variations on Ah vous String Quartet in Eb diraije maman K 265 Major op 76 no 6 Piano Sonata in A Major piano Trio in G Major K 331 The finale is a Hob XV 25 rondo alla Turca Wolfgang Amadeus Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach Mozart Fantasia in C Minor H String Quartet in C 75 Major K 456 Johann Christian Bach String Quartet in D Keyboard Sonata in D Major K 575 Major op 5 no 2 coumacr Youn PLAYLIS39I39 Musical Appropriation I Find a work that has been appropriated for a purpose quite different from that for which it was originally created l 39 Example Of Montreal Wraith Pinned to the Mist and Other Gamesquot 2005 This song by the indie band Of Montreal appeared with altered lyrics in a series of commercials for the restaurant chain OutbackSteakhouse 2011 Pa arsu n Education In HW Read Chapters 21 and 22 Watch Video Torino yoni on koto lnside the Orchestra The Classical Era istavr to Th l sacond Edi dn L by39Markvaan ends 2011 Pa arso n Educatlbn lncl Jppar Saddle Rlvet NJ 07458 All his Riserved


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