Intro To Religion
Intro To Religion REL 101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gabriella Fay on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to REL 101 at University of Miami taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see /class/205739/rel-101-university-of-miami in Religious Studies at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
Islam Hadithquotrecollectionquot remembrance of an act or saying of Muhammad QiyasAnalogical Resoning IllahReason IjmaquotConsensusquot Imamate I39One who stands before the community Shiite Ijtihad I39Exertion HijraquotFlightquot Muhammad s escape from Mecca to YathribMedina SuraChapter Ayatquotsignquot or verse Kabahquotcubequot The square shrine at the center of the great mosque in Mecca Ibaddat Religious duty Shahada I39There is no god but God and Muhammad is His Messenger Shirksin SalatPrayer Zakat Almsgiving SawnFasting Jihad Struggle ShariaIslamic Law combination of fiqh and kalam dogmatics and scholastic theology FardObligatory duty Mandub Recommended MubahIndifferentneutral MakruhReprehensible acts HaramForbidden acts FiqhIntelligence or Knowledge QadiJudge SunnahquotThe trodden path Hijab Modest covering Tawhid The oneness of Allah Muslim A person who submits to Allah Caliph Successor a religious and political leader Shiite Minority branch of Islam believes Muhammad s genuine successors descended from his soninIaw Ai Sunni The majority branch of Islam believes that genuine succession from Muhammad did not depend on hereditary descent from his soninIaw Ai JahiliyyahAge of Ignorance The Five Pillars of Islam 1Shahada quotThere is no god but God and Muhammad is His Messenger I a Creed of Islam 2SalatPrayer a Ritual prayer done 5 times a day 3Zakat Almsgiving a Charity to the poor b tax on all that one owns 4SawnFasting during month of Ramadan a Emphasis on remembrance of God s bounty and grace b lftar End of fasting 5 Hajj Pilgrimage to Mecca a Not obligatory if one is unable to travel Qur an Reveations revealed orally through the Angel Gabriel to Muhammad Arranged by length the longest given first Abu Bakr Muhammad s first successor Division of Islam Who is the right person to succeed Muhammad Shiite lslam Minority Muhammad should be succeeded by his male descendants Spit into other smaller groups Sunni lslam Majority Muhammad should be succeeded by a man of Muhammad s tribe the Quraysh or someone chosen by his peers as being the most capable of governing Human Actions Governed by Sharia Itiqadatbelief Adab morality lbadat worship Mu amalat transactions Uqubat punishments Classification of Human Acts 1 Obligatory duty fard 2 Recommended duty mandub 3 Indifferent mubah 4 Reprehensible Acts makruh 5 Forbidden acts harom Schools of Law Madhhab religious group There are 4 Sunni schools and 1 Shi i school of law hiite Principles Only mamatedescendants of Muhammad amp ljtihad Independent reasoning Sabab alNazul Prophet s 2nd marriage to Zainab bint Jahsh Had 3 companions
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