Human Development Infancy Through Adolescence
Human Development Infancy Through Adolescence HDFS 2100
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chase Davis on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 2100 at University of Connecticut taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see /class/205792/hdfs-2100-university-of-connecticut in Human Dev And Family Sciences at University of Connecticut.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
HDFS 21007Spring 2011 Review for Final Exam For each topic listed here you should read the corresponding section in the textbook Also review class discussions and use the PowerPoint slides from lecture as guides Early Childhood A Chapter 8 Physical Development 1 What in uences physical growth and health hormones emotional wellbeing sleep nutrition infectious diseases and childhood injuries 2 Left and right hemispheres of the brain brain lateralization and handedness 3 How can we help young children sleep 4 What in uences food choices imitating admired people repeating exposure to food emotional climate and poverty 5 What affects tooth decay 6 Benefits of immunization 7 Factors related to childhood injuries How can we prevent childhood injuries 8 Describe motor development in early childhood Gross motor skills and fine motor skills 9 How can we enhance motor development in early childhood B Chapter 9 Cognitive Development 1 Piaget s Preoperational Stages Gains in mental representation a MakeBelieve Play How does makebelieve develop more detached from reallife less self centered more complex What is sociodramatic play What are benefits to makebelieve play How can we enhance makebelieve play in early childhood b What is Dual Representation 2 What are immature aspects or limitationsof Preoperational Thought egocentrism animism limits of conservation and thinking behind the inability to conserve categorization 3 Researchers have discovered that children don t do well on Piagetian tasks for two reasons unfamiliar and too many pieces of information to handle 4 Vygotsky Theory Children s private speech advantages guided participation intersubjectivity scaffolding 5 Memory abilities recognition not recall and difficulty in early childhood when using memory strategies rehearsal organization 6 Theory of Mind metacognition What is a false belief Understand the example in textbook What contributes to preschooler s Theory of Mind 7 What is Project Head Start What are the benefits C Chapter 10 Emotional and Social Development 1 Erikson s Theory Initiative v Guilt 2 Selfconcept selfesteem selfconscious emotions 3 What in uences emotional development caregivers siblings and friends 4 Peer Sociability in Play Nonsocial activity Parallel Play Social Interaction 5 What characterizes friendship in early childhood 6 What can help children with problem solving the problemsolving process 7 Inductive discipline 8 Aggression types and sources 9 Physical punishment What are the negative effects How is it most effective What are alternatives 10 What does positive discipline consist of 11 Childrearing styles and why is an authoritative rearing style more effective 12 What is gender typing What are the in uences on gender typing genetic and environmental 111 gt w 0 gt Chapter 14 Physical Developmen l 39 lVIiddle Childhood Chapter 11 Physical Development 1 What can in uence malnutrition in middle childhood 2 Increase in obesity rates in developed and developing countries What are causes for obesity What are the consequences of obesity How can we treat obesity 3 What characterizes developmentally appropriate sports 4 Physical education and school recess schools are not providing enough opportunities for physical activity what are the bene ts of recess and PE Chapter 12 Cognitive Development 1 Piaget s Concrete Operational Stage Conservation Decentration and Reversibility Classi cation Seriation transitive inference and Spatial Reasoning directions and maps 2 What are the limitations to the Concrete Operational Stage abstract ideas deductive thinking 3 Memory abilities recognition and recall and use of memory strategies rehearsal and organization 4 Theory of mind metacognition 7 second order false belief task 5 Cognitive selfregulation in middle childhood 6 Teaching philosophies traditional constructivist and socialconstructivist Chapter 13 Emotional and Social Development 1 Erikson s Theory Industry v Inferiority 2 Self concept in middle childhood how has it developed since early childhood 3 Self esteem in middle childhood how has it changed since early childhood What in uences self esteem in middle childhood 4 Selman s Stages of Perspective Taking 5What in uences prejudice in middle childhood 6 Selfconscious emotions 7 how do they develop in middle childhood 7 P quot 39 J J39 and quot 39 selfregulation during middle childhood 8 Problem Centered Coping versus Emotion Centered Copin 9 How does friendship change from early to middle childhood What characterizes friendship in middle childhood 10 Peer Acceptance Categories 11 Peer Groups How are they formed What does peer culture involve Understand exclusion and relational aggression issues 12 What are the best ways to reduce bullying Adolescence J about A 39 39 39 39 39 39 and social perspectives and a balanced point of view 2 Puberty sex differences in body growth primary and secondary sexual characteristics individual differences 3 What is the secular trend regarding the timing of puberty and how is it changing 4 Consequences of timing of puberty 5 Reactions to puberty 6 Brain Development what are the behavioral results from neurons being more sensitive to excitatory neurotransmitters during this time 7 Substance abuse and prevention 8 Sexual activity in adolescence including characteristics of sexually active adolescents 9 Adolescent contraceptive use B Chapter 15 Cognitive Development 1 Piaget s Formal Operational Stage a Hypotheticodeductive reasoning what is it describe the pendulum problem and how it is used bWhat is propositional thought cWhat does followup research on Piaget s stage demonstrate 2 What kind of imp v 1 in iufoiti r 39 are there during this time 3 Scienti c reasoning What does it entail What are the contributing factors 4 What are the consequences of adolescent cognitive changes selfconsciousness and selffocusing idealism and criticism planning and decision making 5 School transitions how do they affect adolescents how can we help adolescents adjust to school transitions 6 What supports high achievement in adolescence 7 Dropout prevention strategies C Chapter 16 Emotional and Social Development lErikson s Theory 7 Identity vs Identity Confusion 2Selfconcept in adolescence what characterizes it how does it change from childhood to adolescence 3Selfesteem how does it change from childhood to adolescence 4 Identity Statuses achievement moratorium foreclosure diffusion and the importance of commitment and exploration a What factors affect it b Issues with ethnic minority adolescents ethnic identity acculturation stress and bicultural identity 5Depression in adolescence most common psychological problem in uencing factors 6Adolescent suicide one of the leading causes of death among adolescents risk factors prevention strategies 7 Suicide prevention strategies 8Kohlberg s Stages of Moral Development understand stages sex differences regarding moral development in uences on moral reasoning 9Two Routes to Adolescent Delinquency 10 ParentChild Relationships in Adolescence what characterizes it what in uences it how can it in uences the wellbeing of an adolescent ll Friendships what characterizes them how do adolescents choose friends what are differences between boys and girls in regard to their friendships what are the benefits of adolescent friendship 12 Cliques and crowds what is the difference why are they important during adolescence 13 Gender intensification in adolescence why does it happen what in uences it 14 Dating what are the changes in dating throughout adolescence 15 Resilience what are factors that improve resilience in adolescence
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