Introduction to Sociology
Introduction to Sociology SOCI 1001W
Popular in Course
Popular in Sociology
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mr. Carson Boyer on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 1001W at University of Connecticut taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see /class/205799/soci-1001w-university-of-connecticut in Sociology at University of Connecticut.
Reviews for Introduction to Sociology
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 09/17/15
Development of Sociological Theory 2011125 Middle Ages Dark Age Renaissance Art and Rebirth Enlightenment Age of Reason o Sociology takes root in this era Auguste Comte coins the term sociology o Compared it to a social physics uses scientific knowledge and observation considered the highest form of knowledge 1 Emile Durkheim large emphasis on social facts o Social facts are external to individuals 0 Separates sociology from psychology and philosophy o Social Facts are patterns and trends 2 Karl Marx Base and superstructure o Economics is the base upon which a superstructure of laws and institutions are built o Creates the evolutionary model of society 0 FeudalismMercantile CapitalismModern Capitalism SocialismCommunism o Social change is the result of inherent tensions between working and upper class 0 1 Ownership 0 2 Exploitation o 3 Alienation 3 Max Weber not all about economics but political and cultural form base too o key difference between Marx and Weber o Need to understand subject s point of view 0 Can you have a valuefree sociology o Social Action a behavior to which people give meaning Sociology in America less theoretical and more practical with an eye toward reform o Early Work 0 Organic Metaphor society works as a singular entity 0 Social Darwinism WEB DuBois Double Consciousness o Black Veil o Blacks need to understand whites but whites don t need to understand blacks Robert E Park Ecology o The Social Laboratory 0 Work became the foundation of urban sociology Jane Addams Reform Sociology o Make an impact on society ie Hull House Social Structure invisible or covert special forces guide and shape human behavior o Influences choices available to us 0 Le Social Class Social Institutions established and organized systems of behavior with a particular and recognized purpose o Family Government Religion Economy Healthcare Education Social Interaction behavior between two or more people that is given meaning Social Change the alteration of society over time a process Perspectives and Paradigms o Functionalism interprets each part of society in terms of how it contributes to the whole 0 Society as a machine 0 Manifest Functions the stated and intended goals of social behavior 0 Latent Functions the unintended goals of social behavior Eg Social Welfare Reform n Manifest Function o Reducing federal budget expenditures n Latent Function o Increased crime and homelessness or group s ability to exercise an influence over others o Symbolic Interactions considers social interactions to be the place where society exists Conflict Theory emphasizes role of coercion and power a person s 2212011 55900 AM 2212011 55900 AM