The Press in America
The Press in America JOUR 1002
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jonas Howe on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to JOUR 1002 at University of Connecticut taught by Timothy Kenny in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see /class/205842/jour-1002-university-of-connecticut in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Connecticut.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
12082009 Television Continued Videotape Recorder AmpeX April 1956 0 Established on the spot television recording of televised events 0 No longer had to rely on newsreels 1959 Richard Nixon Kitchen Debateiindicative notion that Soviets did not have consumer goods that ppl wantneed to have productive happy lives Edward R Murrow anchor of broadcast television Walter Cronkite most trusted man in America 0 Delivered news in straightforward unpretentious manner NBCChet Huntley co anchor David Brinkley 1950 o Pushed anchors into new category as celebrities 0 Changed way journalism is produced 0 Part of entertainment business in its own way News can be source of info critically important to our lives 0 Television has enormous impact in ability to sway public opinion 0 1968 Cronkite covering Vietnam says war will end in a stalemate 0 Changed the way people valued news 0 Johnson knew losing Cronkite was losing middle America I Doesn t run for reelection 0 News stories thrust themselves into prominence 0 NBC CBS ABC reached 9 out of 10 Americans with broadcasts CBS1968 60 Minutes News magazine that takes complicated stories and makes them understandable News of 60 s increased broadcast value Other advances in TV News Color Broadcast Increasingly smallermore portable Video equipment Satellite equipmenttransmit stories from anywhere in the world 0 Technology increased speed 0 More outlets for news and information o Meant to attract a large audience 1963 news broadcasts expand to half hour broadcasts 1967 Public Broadcasting PBS and NPR o Telstar launched into orbit in 1962 0 First communications satelliteallowed transmission across Atlantic of broadcasts Chapter 13 Magazines 17401900 Magazine published periodical containing different kinds of stories lst publication to call itself a magazine Gentleman 3 Magazine 0 England 1731 Monthly Kept interest of news to newspapers doesn t try to keep up to date Thoughtful discussions and essays about cultural aspects education etc Roots in scienti c and philosophical journals of 17Lh century Daniel Defoe edited Weekly Review in 1704 author of Robinson s Crusoe o Included essays 0 Put new spin and value of topic of essays Richard Steele Tattler 1709 o Replaced by Spectator 1711 produced by Steele with friend Joseph Addison PreRevolutionary America 0 lst American magazine Ben Franklin 1741 General Magazine anal Historical Chronicle 0 1741 American Magazine William Bradford 0 Both magazines failed within six months 0 More expensive to produce than newspapers distribution problems Noah Webster American Magazine 1787 Free Universal Magazine Baltimore 1793 0 Early magazines called Miscellanies random info about various topics 0 Haven for fiction writers in 18Lh and 19Lh centuries short stories 0 North American Review one of 1St magazines to publish short stories 1860 600 magazines Important Magazines Saturday Evening Post 1821 The Dial 1840 Ralph Waldo Emerson etc published Agricultural Magazines niche magazines Country Gentlemen 18531955 0 Originally written by nonprofessional writers 0 Civil warscirculation of magazines suffers ppl want news 0 Blossom again in postwar optimism o 1885 3300 magazines in country 0 1879 passage of g Class Postage Act 0 Rise of children s magazines 0 Muckrakers publishing investigating reporting in magazines Circulation of Women s Magazines Ladies Magazine Sarah Hale 1828 0 Later produces Goaley 3 Ladies Book 1830 o 185040000 copies circulating highest circulation of any magazine 0 Invented word lingerie Susan B Anthony and Elizabeth Katie Stanton Women 3 Revolution 1858 o Stood for women s rights and right to vote Harper 3 Bizarre 1857 entity for women s fashion Vanity Fair 1862 Sports magazines American Turf Register 1829 Baltimore Horseracing magazine Harper 3 New Monthly Magazine 1850 Chapter 20 Mass Magazines 1900present Mass Magazines National large circulating publications that contain usual wide variety of topics 0 Relatively new phenomenon began with muckrakers 0 Take off after WWII 0 Popular in 1940 s1970 s Saturday Evening Post 18217identity of being re ective of American Values w Norman Rockwell covers etc o Re ective of who we thought we were as a nation 0 1897 Sirus Curtis buys magazine 0 Hires George Lormer Jack London Upton Sinclair etc o Lormer establishes long relationship with Rockwell who painted 323 covers of Post 0 New competition of other magazines seen as more up to date Life overtakes post and circulation tapers off PreCursor to news magazines World 3 Work 1900 Walter Page 0 Organized magazine according to news content 0 Only ran photographs not illustrations new and modern approach 0 Out ofbusiness by 1913 Life 1936 founded as photojournalism magazine 0 Reached people with higher education seen as better place to put advertisement 0 Post disappears in 1969 because ofLife Look News Magazines Luce Empire TimeLife Empire 1 o All approached ideas in new ways Time Magazine 1923 Henry Luce o Contained news summaries and prospective pieces 0 22 different departments categorized news New Yorker 1925 Harold Ross Fortune Magazine part of Time empire founded in 1930 0 Cost 1 expensive but immediately successful Sports Illustrated 1964 took awhile to turn a pro t People Magazine Dewitt Wallace Reader 3 Digest 1922 o Took work of someone else and edited down into shorter tighter version 0 Success of agricultural work in Minneapolis 0 19327000 copy circulation Later puts out condensed books idea of brevity