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Introduction to Comparative Politics

by: Mrs. Halle Barrows

Introduction to Comparative Politics POLS 1202

Marketplace > University of Connecticut > Political Science > POLS 1202 > Introduction to Comparative Politics
Mrs. Halle Barrows
GPA 3.96

Matthew Singer

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Matthew Singer
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mrs. Halle Barrows on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1202 at University of Connecticut taught by Matthew Singer in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see /class/205854/pols-1202-university-of-connecticut in Political Science at University of Connecticut.

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Date Created: 09/17/15
The exam will have two sections The rst part will be a multiple choice section similar to the midterm that will review the topics we have read and discussed since then in many ways it is a second midterm The second part is an essay section that is designed to test your ability to integrate the topics covered throughout the semester Six six percent of the nal exam grade will come from the multiple choice section and thi four percent will come from the essays 1 Topics to be covered on the multiple choice section To help facilitate your review we have generated the following list of the main concepts we have covered These questions attempt to identify some of the major themes of the course There is no guarantee that all of these topics will be covered on the exam or that only these topics will be covered this list is merely designed to help organize the large amounts of materials we have covered This list is organized chronologically What is a state How is it different from a nation What does it mean to have a monopoly on the legitimate use of violence What is a failed state What are some of the myths about sovereignty according to Krasner What are the ways in which Weber says states can legitimate their rule Be able to de ne them in your own words Why does Herbst say that wars help lead to state development Why is he then pessimistic about state development in Africa What were the Magna Carta English Civil War and the Glorious Revolution Does the history of the English Parliament teach us that without taxation there is no representation What is the implication for oil rich states How can states be built Describe trends in civil wars For example are they very frequent Did the end of the cold war make civil wars more frequent Do countries with ethnic fragmentation have more civil wars than those that are more homogenous What are the different types of civil war What factors explain why groups start civil wars What factors create opportunities for civil wars So why are the Chewas and Tembukas allies in Zambia and adversaries in Malawi On a related question why is there a relationship between elections and ethnic violence in India Scholars have proposed the integrative and consociational theories to prevent ethnic violence What do they agree on What do they disagree about What type of electoral system does each theory say countries should adopt Basically can you describe the theories in your own words Brancati argues that federalism both makes ethic con ict less frequent and more frequent Explain her argument in your own words What causes terrorism What is the difference between plurality majority and PR election rules What are the strengths and weaknesses of each What is Duverger s law and his Hypotheses Does democracy cause growth Why do Przeworski et al say that democracies and dictatorships may have different routes to growth What factors explain why growth rates in Africa have been so slow 21 What are transaction costs How do institutions shape transactions costs Where do North and Acemoglu each think good institutions come from What is the difference between a liberal market economy LME and a coordinated market economy CME How do Sweden the US and the UK t these various model V39 P FN 9 7I D IW O D I D ID I W NH 4 N D ID I D ID I H o 000 Im u MN WM MN N 0k 43 N 1 WM 00 WWW WNb i What were the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution What happened at Tiananmen Square What are the implications of these events for how we think about dictatorships What has been the impact of village elections in China Who votes in them What are the various linkage strategies identi ed by Kitschelt What in particular is the de nition of clientelism What kids of countries have clientelism What kids of voters receive clientelist bene ts How do clientelist parties monitor voters to make sure people who get bene ts from the party vote for it What factors explain why clientelism declines What is charisma When do voters support charismatic leaders How do charismatic leaders shape the party systeminstitutions Why do democracies not have famines according to Sen What are some of the good things about elections and democracies What are some of the bad 2 Comprehensive section The essay section will consist of three of the following questions You will then be asked to answer two of them Answers will be graded on their content organizational structure and overall coherence You will also be expected to be able to reference speci c theories from class by name and to know the major author associated with them Rememberthis is an examwe are in part testing you on your ability to remember and apply speci c political science theories so you need to know theories and authors by last name One ofthe big problems I have seen in the past is that students write too little on their essay exams Each ofthe two questions you answer is worth 7500 ofyour nal grade for the class one should not expect that a couple of quick paragraphs will be suf cient for that large ofa portion of your grade Equot I would plan to write for about 20 30 minutes on each essay In class we considered various factors that explain why some countries are democratic and others are not Speci cally we discussed the role of economic development the political culture institutions levels of social capital the reliance of the economy on natural resources and the in uence of international actors eg the United States the Catholic Church the global economy For this question 1 describe the logic behind each of these theories and 2 describe the strengths and weaknesses of each theory What factors does Skocpol argue are necessary for successful revolutions to occur Provide examples from France China and the Eastern Block in 1989 to illustrate your argument Then explain again using examples from these three countries and explicit theories discussed in class why successful revolutions that succeed in overthrowing the old power do not necessarily lead to democracy In class we have focused on elections and democracy as procedures that have both good and bad outcomes Based on this discussion is electoral democracy something worth having To answer this question please include the following pieces of information a What are three of the good outcomes associated with elections and democratic procedures Why does democracy lead to these good outcomes b What are two of the bad outcomes associated with elections and democracy Why does democracy lead to these bad outcomes c Provide speci c examples from the countries we have discussed in class and the readings to illustrate these arguments 4 At various points of class we discussed the dif culty of achieving good govemancea strong rule of law preventing civil wars or ethnic con ict reducing corruption preventing terrorism and generating a strong economy and ghting poverty What factors best eXplain why some countries do better at these types of tasks than others do In other words why do some countries have problems with lawlessness violence or poverty while other countries do not Remember to cite speci c theories discussed in class


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