New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Principles of Biology I

by: Greyson Gutkowski

Principles of Biology I BIOL 1107

Greyson Gutkowski
GPA 3.88

Thomas Abbott

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Thomas Abbott
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Biological Sciences

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Greyson Gutkowski on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 1107 at University of Connecticut taught by Thomas Abbott in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see /class/205863/biol-1107-university-of-connecticut in Biological Sciences at University of Connecticut.

Popular in Biological Sciences


Reviews for Principles of Biology I


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/17/15
Biol 1107 9409 Ca2 muscle contraction C vs Si Carbon hashigher electro negativity 4 valence electrons can easily bond with itself Si composes most of the earth s crust C02 stable no morphic desire to combine with anything else Plants can utilize C02 however we cannot they have pigments to transform light energy to chemical energy to form glucose from C02 Si is tied up in the earth s mass rather than the atmosphere so it is not readily available to be utilized CARBON Forms linear branched or ring structures Shape defines emergent physical and chemical properties Emergent properties for all mammals endothermal hair lsomers Double bond geometric isomer Minimal number of carbon atoms necessary to create a structural isomer 4 Enantiomers min for a mirror image 4 unique elementsmolecules 9909 Chapter 5 Four classes of molecules are important Why They are the building blocks of life help understand structure and physiology help develop treatments and medicine Living things are composed of cells cells are composed of biological molecules Biological molecules are not alive but they are key to living organisms lnanimate objects are not composed of biological molecules and are there for not alive Prions string of amino acids that can destroy your tissue 0 Act like a living organism however they are a protein 0 Viruses also have features of living things however they are not defined as living Why These biological molecules arrange themselves in a way so that they can create LIFE Polymers and Monomers Polymers are created from monomers through dehydration synthesis Monomers are created from polymers through hydrolysis Carbohydrate Monomer monosaccharide ex glucose ribose galactose fructose sucrose 0 Ribose is linear however when placed in water forms a ring Ex ribose in RNA is a pentose sugar and in the shape of a pentagon Becausepossibly more stable as a ring able to form double bonds stability polar substance hydrophobic vs hydrophilic o Ribose is conserved over different types of substances Polymer polysaccharidedisaccharide 0 Ex Starch glycogen cellulose I Starch storage for plants I Glycogen storage of energy for animals 0 Stored in majority in the liver and skeletal muscles 0 Relationship to insulin insulin regulated the amount of glucose that is circulated in the body lnsulin causes liver cells to release glycogen reserves so that glucose can be used I Cellulose component of plant cells Significance of understanding how monomers form polymers o If you understand how its constructed you can deconstruct the polymer 0 Can form polymers from different monomers with certain emergent properties Lipids Not constructed by putting monomers together Store energy long term They are a flavoring in processed foods Composition 0 Fatty acid chains attached to a glycerol backbone 0 Most stable form is the triglyceride o Hydrophobic tail hydrophilic head I Phospholipid BILAYER Aka cell membrane semipermeable 0 To strengthen add proteins microtubules cholesterol carbohydrates for reinforcement o Phospholipid bilayer allows molecules like oxygen to pass through freely because they are small protein channel is not needed 0 Water molecules can move through although they are polar Movement rate can be increased by aquaporins 0 Large intestine has many aquaporins imbedded in the lining also nephrons in the kidney 91109 Proteins 100000 unique proteins have been determined in a human being 0 Only 20 amino acids monomers I HZN R group COOH H attached to alpha carbon 0 R group variable group 0 Different shapes o Creates different bonding between amino acids peptide bonds 0 Different polarities hydrophobic vs hydrophilic o Acidity o HZN amine group 0 COOH carboxyl group 0 Secondary structure I Beta pleat and alpha helix 0 Tertiary structure I Globular protein formed from big bends formed by disulfide bridges I Gives the protein its first identity 0 Quaternary structure I Results when two or more polypeptide chains form one macromolecule I Collagen3 polypeptides Hemoglobin4 polypeptides o Hemoglobin can hold a maximum of4 oxygen molecules per molecule of hemoglobin 9 each polypeptide has a site to bind to oxygen 0 How does the body get to the oxygen in hemoglobin I Dentaures hemoglobin causing a change in configuration and the release of oxygen I How does the body denature the protein Change in concentration of C02 changes the pH in the blood CO2 H20 carbonic acid change in pH 0 Denaturation I Heat pH salt Nucleic Acids There may be a 6 h nucleotide Monomer nucleotide o Pentose sugar phosphate group nitrogenous base Lymphocyte Macrophage white blood cell that can move between systems very unique 0 Part of the immune system 0 Movement is important because they can move to the wound site to initiate a healing response quickly 91409 Chapter 6 0 Based on our definition of life we are all made up of cells and must be to be considered alive 0 Must have transitional forms to be alive 0 All cells are related by their descent from earlier cells


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.