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POLS notes for March 1 and March 3

by: Grecia Sanchez

POLS notes for March 1 and March 3 POLS 2310

Marketplace > University of Texas at El Paso > Political Science > POLS 2310 > POLS notes for March 1 and March 3
Grecia Sanchez
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These notes cover the last points we make in class about Democracy and Communism and Socialism ideologies. These were covered on the last week before Spring Break.
Introduction to Politics
Dr. Taeko Hiroi
Class Notes




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Grecia Sanchez on Wednesday March 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2310 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Dr. Taeko Hiroi in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 124 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Politics in Political Science at University of Texas at El Paso.

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Date Created: 03/09/16
CIVIL LIBERTIES 1. Rule of law: it means no one is absent from law, it applies to the government and to the people 2. Freedom   of   expression:   It   is   important   to   the   voters   and   their   effort   at investigating special information their government is telling them. (It serves us if we would want to test the accuracy of the info and evaluate it) 3. Freedom of association: you join to a certain organization because you have the need that is going to be satisfied by the organization/club you jointed DEMOCRACY AS UNIVERSAL VALUE We saw the Nobel Prize winner Amartya Sen. He was concerned about the democracy in India. In the 90’s he was concerned in going to the media and expressing the most significant event in 20  century. His answer was democracy. He stated any country can become democratic by pointing to the democratization of India. “If India did it, you can do it too.”  ARGUES AGAINST DEMOCRACY  1. Democracy only works if the country has security 2. Democracy belongs to Western countries 3. Democracy will not help economic development 4. Democracy may affect public policies because since everybody has a different opinion, we cannot attack all those different opinions at once, it is going to be a waste of time trying to  DEMOCRACY’S FUNCTION  Free the people (people like to be free)  Values and rights are emphasized in a democracy and people like that  There is importance in elected officials  Constructive learning is emphasized CULTURAL ARGUMENT States certain countries do not belong to democracy because of the religion practiced in certain country. This is a bad argument because there is diversity between the people living in this certain country (not because the majority believes in something means all of the population also believes it). We cannot generalize.  IDEOLOGIES ON LEFT: COMMUNISM AND SOCIALISM  Both ideologies are different from each other  They both emerged after the industrialization of the countries against the bad conditions workers were living  They both have presence in the Cold War SOCIALISM  Values: equality and collective welfare  Unlike democracy, they are not concerned with the individual rights/values, they do not care about individualism; they look at society as a collective (whole)  The society itself has to grow (every member of it, not just a part)  All people needs to cooperate for the society to grow  Government plays important role; it has strong intervention and fixes inequalities the society may have  NATURE   OF   HUMANS:   good,   the   environment   is   going   to   be   the   thing separating the human from its nature (good); if the environment is bad, I am bad, if the environment is good, my own nature is going to come out naturally  SOLUTION  TO  NATURE’S PROBLEMS:  change   the  environment:  put the people in a system in which they are good and they do not have to compete against one another  VARIATIONS OF SOLUTION: communism and social democracy COMMUNISM  Father: Marx  He thought we humans could achieve an ideal society (utopia) in which everyone is contributing according to their special talent (ability); everyone’s necessities are fulfilled because of the system itself  MAIN IDEAS:  No private property (everything is from everybody, you cannot own something because then, you would be superior to other who does not have anything and inequality exists),  No classes among the citizens (same idea of equality and the objective of this is changing the environment in order for the people not to compete, because everyone gets everything on even courses) No state (there is no need anymore, the government does not exists at all; in capitalism,   the   government   represents   interests   of   the   ruling   class,   in communism there are no classes and their interests are fulfilled by the system, there is no need for a government)  WHAT IS IT?  ­Utopia (ideal) ­Everyone gets everything, because of this they are happy and they live in harmony ­Philosophy of History (everything is based on materialism, dialectic is the economic system in which there is a clash in the capitalist system and suddenly society is tired of inequalities and they shift to communism) ­History in the sense of classes struggle (freemen vs slaves, land owners vs pleasants, etc) ­Critique to capitalism system (same amount of work has to have the same amount of compensation and in these systems compensation is not always what you get from your work done) ­Used as strategy of new action: 1. You have a capitalist system, 2. Socialism (government is done by the working class), 3. Communism (final stage where the society is ready to change the environment) THINKERS AND LEADERS  Karl Marx (father of communism)  V.I. Lenin (led the revolution in Russia)  Stalin (made URSS a world power)  Mao Zedong (unified China under one domain and developed its economy) DEMOCRATIC SOCIALISM  2 Variables: democracy and socialism  Public ownership but with mixed economy  Power has to come through elections (in strict socialism, the people has to overthrow the whole system, including elections; in democratic socialism you have to gain power through elections, you don’t overthrow certain parts of the system)  Human rights are important  Belief in equality (gaps have to be narrowed) GENERAL OVERVIEW SOCIALISM EXPLANATION Problems begin with the different relations among workers and elite classes, alienation for the workers and inequalities in economy between classes EVALUATION We need equality, actions are needed to correct these inequalities PROGRAM Society needs to have the least classes 1. Communism: you need a revolution 2. Democratic socialism: you need elections and a congress, you have to win elections and implement the policies based on human rights


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