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Date Created: 09/17/15
WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY SNOHOMISH COUNTY EXTENSION V As you start to harvest summer s bounty give some thought to winter July and August are the months to plant most crops for harvest in winter and next spring Fresh garden produce is especially welcome during these months when storebought vegetables are usually expensive and often low quality Puget Sound area winters are generally mild and the days are short and usually wet The spot chosen for winter gardening should be well drained and should have maximum sun Allow your crop as much light as possible by spacing plants slightly farther apart They need lots of room but that s easier to find in the fall Plants don t really grow much once the season turns cold and dark so winter gardening may be a bit misleading Actually garden storage and winter survival might be more accurate Winter crops fall into these two categories Crops to be eaten in late fall winter or early spring are planted in summer with time to mature before the days turn cold and dark The garden acts as naturally refrigerated storage and you harvest as needed The second kinds of winter vegetables are planted in summer or fall to overwinter as small plants that mature the following season These hardy crops survive the cold and may even grow a bit over winter As soon as the weather warms and the days get longer they really take off 600 128th Street SE Everett WA 982086353 Community Horticulture Fact Sheet 18 Overwintered Crops At altitudes below 1000 the frozen soil is rare and it can usually be prevented with a light mulch Many gardeners use floating row cover material or plastic tunnels or cloches to give some cold protection Carrots radishes rutabaga and turnips left in the ground for winter eating are often grown under floating row covers to prevent the crop getting wormy from carrot rust flies and cabbage maggots Garden areas not occupied by winter crops will benefit from a cover crop See Community Horticulture Fact Sheet 27 BEETS Beets planted before August 1 will produce a crop of roots If you only want the tops for beet greens you can plant until September 1 BROCCOLI Regular broccoli try Waltham or DeCicco can be seeded until midJuly and transplanted until midAugust Fall broccoli usually continues to produce until past Thanksgiving and sometimes until New Years Purple Sprouting White Sprouting or Italian Sprouting broccoli is a variety that will overwinter easily It yields a bounty of small tasty shoots from about April to June BRUSSELS SPROUTS Brussels sprouts require a longer growth season than broccoli Direct seed by July 1 and transplant by August 1 for a dependable fall crop ln protected spots harvest can continue into midwinter CABBAGE Fall cabbage crops sow by July 1 transplant by August 1 will hold in the 4253382400 Fax 4253383994 Master Gardeners 4253576010 TDD 1 8008336388 httpsnohomishwsuedu httpgardeningwsuedu Extension programs and policies are consistent With federal and state laws and regulations on nondiscrimination regarding race sex religion age color creed national or ethnic origin physical mental or sensory disability marital status sexual orientation or status as a Vietnamera or disabled veteran Evidence of noncompliance may be reported through your local Extension office garden into early winter Give mature heads a quarter turn twist to break some roots and decrease the chance of splitting Savoy cabbage can be seeded until midJuly and transplanted until midAugust Try January King Wifoy or Melissa Early Jersey Wakefield or other overwintering types can be seeded from September 1 to 15 for harvest in April and May Plant Chinese cabbage try Chinese King late Julyearly August for fallwinter eating CABBAGEFAMILY GREENS These super nutritious vegetables provide greens all winter In spring kale produces delicious broccolilike shoots Plant collard and kale seeds in July and transplant until midAugust Start mustards and turnip greens late August through September Bok Choy should be in by midAugust Arugula roquette is sown in September for winter greens with a sharp nutty flavor Favorites include Red Russian Kale Kailan Mizuna and Tatsoi CARROTS A fall crop of carrots try Merida will keep in the garden until used Plant by midJuly CAULIFLOWER Start overwintered cauliflower in early July and transplant by early August There are a wide variety of Armado and Walcherin types that mature March May CHICORY Wiltoof chicory French endive can be planted until midJuly The roots are dug in late fall placed in a box of moist soil covered with sand and forced in a warm room for winter greens CORNSALAD Cornsalad lamb s lettuce or mache can be planted in early September for fallwinter use or in late October to winter over for spring use ENDIVE Plant either the curled or broadleaf types until midJuly In October tie the leaves together to blanch hearts A straw mulch will permit harvesting into winter months FAVA BEANS Fava broad beans are planted late October through November for a May June harvest GARLIC AND SHALLOTS Plant cloves in late October to November 10 for harvest the following summer KOHLRABI RUTABAGA amp TURNIPS Sow in midJuly midAugust for turnips for a crop that can be left in the garden and used as needed Earlier plantings may become big and woody LEEKS Leeks are planted only in the spring but can be hilled or mulched for use all winter LETTUCE Sow midJulythrough midAugust Good varieties include Slobolt Continuity Buttercrunch Optima Artic King Nevada and Winter Density romaine Most years lettuce requires cold protection ONIONS For green onions plant sets anytime the soil is dry enough to work or sow seeds in midJuly to August for winter to spring harvest For bulb onions seed late July to early September and transplant in October Walla Walla Sweet Sweet Winter and Buffalo winter well for a June harvest RADISHES Most radishes can be planted through midSeptember Winter radishes Oriental types and Black Spanish should be planted in July and can be harvested all winter SPINACH Plant spinach in August for a winter eating September sowings winter over as small rosettes and produce an early spring crop Tyee Skookum Winter Bloomsdale and savoy types are winter hardy SWISS CHARD Planted in July chard will produce a crop for winter August and September plantings winter over and produce early the following spring Rudy appears slightly less hardy HSKIGJPIEBA 998