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by: Rodolfo Nienow


Rodolfo Nienow
GPA 3.91

Lauren Block

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About this Document

Lauren Block
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rodolfo Nienow on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Crm J 205 at Washington State University taught by Lauren Block in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see /class/206013/crm-j-205-washington-state-university in Criminal Justice at Washington State University.


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Date Created: 09/17/15
Crm 205 Notes September 10 2010 Females in Gangs 1 One ofThe Guys 3 Columbus OH and St Louis Ml i Interviews with both gang and nongang females b Why is it important to study females in gangs i Explanations of criminal behavior traditionally focused on male participation in crime ii Female gang members experiences are similar to males in gangs but also many differences c Liberation from Patriarchy i Women participate in gangs especially all female gangs to establish power among them equal to that of male gangs d Opposition to Victimization i Participation in gangs and violent acts as a way to decrease the chances of being victimized by other gangs or males 2 Female Pathways into Gangs 3 Problems within the family 39 Violence between adults in the home Having been abused ii Drug or alcohol abuse in family iv Family members in jail b Ganginvolved family members i Siblings or multiple family members in gangs ii Described other relative as having a large influence c Neighborhood exposure to gangs i High neighborhood hang activity ii Gang members living on their street 3 Victimization 3 Increased risk of both personal and property victimization i Both males and females b Girls in gangs more likely to report being victimized and witnessing violent acts against others compared to girls not in gangs i Sexual assaults witnessing homicides drivebys c Criminal activity i Girls involved in serious offending were more likely to be exposed to a variety of violent acts d More likely to have been stabbed but use a gun on others 4 Maintaining Eguality a Females often viewed as weak by fellow gang members and rival gang members i Sometimes results in being targeted ii Often include sexual assaults b Initiation i quotJumpedinquot fight other female gang members or male members more respect than girls who are llsexed inquot ii Sexedinquot forced to have sexual relations with male members of the gang less respect than those who are quotjumpedinquot September 17 2010 Social Stratification and Crime 1 Class any division of society according to status 2 Stratification a The systematic unequal distribution of social goods accd to social status or class 3 Income vs Wealth what s the difference a Income refers to a person s wage or yearly salary b Wealth refers to a person s net economic worth through assets and possessions 4 Karl Marx a Bourgeoisie b Petty bourgeoisie don t own the means of productions but employed by them in a position of authority professional status c Proletartiat d Lumpenproletariat no jobs can t or don t become employed e History defined in terms of an ongoing war between classes 5 Crime by Any Other Name a Reiman Author conflict perspective defines criminal law i Ex mass murder definition 1 Man on subway killed 5 and wounded several others seen as llmass murderquot 2 Mining corporation found guilty of falsifying safety reports which resulted in the deaths of 10 coal miners deaths seen as quotaccidentsquot ii Crime then is merely a way for the rich to maintain power over the working class iii Not a conscious decision to oppress 6 White Collar Crime a White collar crime crimes committed by persons against the organizations for which they work or on behalf of organizations i Costs the public far more money than all the FBI Index Crimes combined Messner and Rosenfeld and Reiman argue that whitecollar crime is much more prevalent than is recognized Perpetrators of white collar crime rarely arrested or charged and when they are prosecuted and convicted their sentences tend to be more lenient iv Violent white collar crime whitecollar crime or negligence that either indirectly or directly harms maims or kills someone 7 Crimes according to Class a Crimes committed by the poor i Robbery 98 conviction rate at 69 month avg sentence ii Burglary 83 at 29 months iii Autotheft 67 at 23 months b Crimes of the affluent i Fraud 61 at 16 months ii Tax Law Violations and Tax Fraud 62 at 14 months iii Embezzlement 47 at 10 months 8 And the Poor Get Prison a llThe system works to make it more likely that those who end up in jail or prison will be from the bottom of society Reiman b This happens for 2 reasons i Lowerclass individuals are more likely to have their crimes investigated detected arrested charged convicted sentenced and sentenced for longer periods than a middleclass or upperclass individual Street crimes are treated more harshly in spite of the damages created by suite or white collar crimes Offenders and Victims Chapter 2 Walker 9 Media portrayal of Crime a People s perceptions of crime are often shaped by media specifically news and newspapers i Media attempts to capture what is happening in the public ii Often distort reality unintentionally iii Image of white victims minority young male offenders b Symbolic interactionism c What s the harm 10 Crime Rates a Are the crime rates rising or falling Answer Falling b Crime rates have been steadily falling for decades i Violent crime dropping since early 90s ii Property crime rates also steadily decline since mid 70s much more common than violent crime c How often do the UCR Pt1 Index Crimes occur


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