HIST week 4 notes
HIST week 4 notes HIST 150
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica_Kline on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 150 at Ball State University taught by Abel Alves in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 84 views. For similar materials see History in the Western World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
HIST 150 0915 amp 0917 reece I Minoans were centered in the city of Knossos on the island of Crete a They traded olivesolive oil and grapeswine overseas along with shing b They were in uenced by Phoenician writing and Egyptian art 1 They had a system of linear writing but was not speci cally an alphabet or characters like hieroglyphics c This culture fell apart during tsunamis caused by underwater earthquakes II Mycenaeans lived in city states in the valleys between the mountains in Greece 18501200 BCE a Different types of people who lived in these city states 1Aristio aristocrats men who had arete means the ability to get things done later meant Virtue 2 Demos the common people literally means lowly 3 Women were looked at as property they could not own property and their main job was to have kids to be workers b They did lots of raiding and trading much like the Vikings who would steal from monasteries only to trade the things they stole to the next monastery they came across c They had the Linear B writing system we are able to translate and read their writings most of which were about taxes and other records d Mycenae was the biggest city state out of all the famous ones in the Iliad Athens Pylos Ithaca Sparta and Mycenae 1 They made and sold scented oils to trade and sell e This period ended when the demos revolted and invaders came from the north called Dorians don t know which happened first or if one caused the other 111 Greek Dark Age 1100800 BCE a During this time period literacy rates went down b Subsistence liVing rose meaning anything that was done was mainly for the purpose of surViVing which meant trading went down c Polis was a place and a way of life 1 A polis was a city and the surrounding farmlands and probably a port 2 The way of life of the polis was politics IV Archaic Age 75 055 0 BCE was a period of much colonization of areas around the Mediterranean Sea a Mainland Greece was beginning to become overpopulated so city states would send out people to colonize and trade with them the new areas worshipped the same main gods as their original city state Athens and their colonies worsted Athena most b Women were only wives and property and thought to be intellectually inferior than men 1 Sappho of Lesbos was a female poet who had multiple male and female sexual partners usually this was men who had the multiple partners of both sexes she also said that peace was better than war which was a dig at Homer in the Odyssey c Their language had three speci c words for love they thought that community could be built better through communication 1 Eros love that takes 2 Agape love that gives and asks for nothing in return 3 Philos love that gives and takes V Greek Classical Era 500s300s BCE a There were 2 main citystates in Greece at this time Athens and Sparta their way of life was poleis lawmaking that was from humans not from gods b There were three parts to the government in Athens 1 All citizen men who could vote were part of the Assembly which voted on legislation to become laws 2 The Council of 500 were 500 men who were elected at rst to serve a oneyear term that they could be reelected for of ce every year but did not have a salary they were the group who created the legislation that went to the Assembly to be voted in 3 Strategoi are generals who serve oneyear terms can be reelected commanded citizen armies enforced laws and were some of the only people who could speak before the Council and the Assembly c Other important political people l Solon was a politician around 600 BCE who helped make laws that prevented citizens from being sold into slavery to pay off debts and he helped make a law for ostracizing eXiling people for at first 8 years then later 10 years if it was voted upon by the Assembly 2 Cleisthenes was a politician around 500 BCE who made laws that said that citizens can only serve on the Council for 2 terms not always consecutive and they were picked based on a lottery he also helped set up salaries for the people on the Council d Different ranks of people in Athens the biggest with about 350000 people 1 Citizens women and men and some foreigners could become citizens but only grown men could vote only 10 of population could vote Metics foreigners who lived in Athens Slaves 6000080000 some who were not skilled could be sent to the silver mines where the life span was about 2 years but skilled slaves physicians philosophers etc would typically work with a family and were treated much better sometimes able to buy freedom Women in the upper class had to be escorted in public and stayed home to take care of the kids while middle and lower class women could walk around alone even though it was unladylike and raised kids while also working most likely in her husband s field or at his business Aspasia was a courtesan courtesans did sexual favors could talk to men at parties and performed music and poetry Pericles was a General in the Council who was married arranged marriage which was typical for that time but had an exclusive relationship with Aspasia e The government in Sparta was much like the government in Athens 1 The Assembly was all the voting citizens who voted on legislations to be made laws the same was as it was in Athens 2 The Council of Elders was 28 men who had to be over 60 years old who were elected for life and write the legislation that could become laws 3 The other 2 men on the Council of Elders were hereditary kings who voted just the same as an elder one vote each and were on the front line to lead the auXiliaries in battle if one king died in battle and his son or next in line was too young his mother would represent him as a queen f Different types of people in Sparta 1 Citizen men in Sparta from 07 years old lived at home and learned from their mother but from 7 30 years old they lived in a barracks where they learned fighting literacy and athletics when they turned 20 they were set up with a wife 2 Perioikoi were foreigners who lived in Sparta most of them were merchants 3 Helots were the original inhabitants of Greece Dorians who were not treated as slaves or property but were more like workers who outnumbered citizens 10 to l 4 Women were allowed to talk about politics but not able to vote they taught sons until they were 7 and daughters until they married they were taught music athletics and literacy they wore short tunics like men so they could move around more easily they were the very last resort backup auXiliaries if a married woman had a baby while the father was away he could possibly say that the father of the baby was Zeus
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