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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Notetaker on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psys 100 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Paul Biner in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychological Science in Psychlogy at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
Week 2 post test Reinforcement O 2 Types of reinforcement Positive reinforcement Negative reinforcement Both increase the probability that a behavior will occur again Positive presentation of reward of reward after the behavior has occurred Negative taking away something unpleasant after the behavior has occurred Termination of a painful stimulus DIFFERENT FROM PUNISHMENT Punishment 0 Punishment decreases the probability that a behavior will occur again Here a certain behavior leads to something bad Primary punishment causes pain Spanking Secondary punishment associated with pain but does not cause pain Frown Saying no loudly A common type of secondary punishment is the removal of a pleasant stimulus Traffic ticket 0 Being grounded No games 0 Time out o Sitting in the corner Does it work 0 For the short term yes 0 2 drawbacks 0 When the punisher is absent the behavior returns 0 Punishment only suppresses behavior 0 You cannot use punishment alone 0 Punishment only allows for the elimination of old behaviors not teaching new behaviors 0 Research shows that punishment is only effective under 2 conditions 0 Only the use of secondary punishment 0 Positive reinforcement should be used in tandem 0 Why shouldn39t we use primary punishment 0 Research shows that it is not OK to hit your child 0 Spanking lead to negative consequences The child will imitate that aggression IT S A CYCLE o Imitation is a type of learning in and of itself
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