Rationalization- Max Weber
Rationalization- Max Weber Sociology 3488
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jocelyn Rossell on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 3488 at Ohio State University taught by Paul Malackany in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociological Theory in Sociology at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
Rationalization Max Weber Overview 0 Weber con ict and rationalization 0 Ideal types I Social action I Bureaucracy o Wants to know if today s capital society is better than before I He says no to a degree Background of Weber 0 He is a doom and gloom type 0 Soulless world mentality 0 Science which attempts the interpretive understanding of social action in order to arrive at a casual explanation of its course and effects 0 Interpretative understanding I Weber is rst person to care about why people do things I Subjective dimensions Sociology to Weber 0 To understand meanings 0 Individuals assign to their lived realities o Context meaning consequences for conduct 0 Not as neat and tidy as Durkheim Social Action 0 Observable or internal 0 Can take3 forms I Intervening Deliberately get involved I Abstaining Deliberately not getting involved I Acguiescence Going with the ow Weber Dialogued With 0 Friearaich Nietzche I God is Dead I Rise of charisma rise of power I Loss of meaning Rationalization 0 An ongoing process in which social interaction and institutions become governed by methodological procedures and calculable rules I Music mathematical skills I Visual arts composition style color scheme I Sex rational act from procreation I Sports starts out for fun ends with money Goals I Efficiency I Predictability I Calculability Dialoging with Mary I End of history I Economic basis I Capitalism leads to alienation estrangement Weber goes with I No end to prehistory I No singular basis I Rationalization disenchantment I Questions rational aspects associated with capitalism I Private property and surplus aren t his concerns I Doesn t have an issue with capitalism Economic Basis O O O O O 0 Development of society could not be reduced to a single casual explanation Calls attention to ideas Independent cultural forces Switchmen on the tracks NOT capitalism I Rationalism undermines creativity and individuality I Standard routine cold and empty Indifferent to differences I Theoretical Orientation O O O Multidimensional Action I Rational Instrumental rational action I NonRational The protestant calling Order I Collectivist Bureaucracy I Individualist Charismatic authority why are they like that I Ideal Types 0 0 Known for conceptualizing pure categories Conceptual Yardsticks I Similarities I Differences I Casual connections I Social Action 0 0 Strategic I Instrumentalrational action Efficient pursuit of goals Weigh the possible means Ex go to class to pursue an A on exam I Valuerational action Strategic selection of means An end itself Nothing beyond forming the action Impulsive I Affective action Impulsive and emotional Not weighing options Ex burning cough when winning a game without considering repercussions I Traditional action What has been done Adhere to a routine Ex stopping at a red light rituals I Bureaucracy O O O O Hierarchy I Pyramid small numbers at top Specialized division of labor Written rules and procedures Meritbased I Better you do farther you go Extensively recorded I Growth in improvement from learning from past Impersonal Rids of biases I Iron Law of Oligarchy O 0 All large scale organizations concentrate power despite form andor goals 3 step process I Must be bureaucracies I Centralization of authority I Leaves the power in a few hands Iron Cage of Rationality o This order is now bound to the technical and economic conditions of machine production which determine the lives of all the individuals who are born into this mechanism with irresistible force 0 Ex Frankenstein Disenchantment o Disenchantment of the world 0 Disney world behind the curtain I Spend money to have fun 0 Values traditions emotions become formal impersonal procedures 0 Magical things we explain away with science I Results in meaninglessness 0 Ex nding out Santa isn t real Irrationalities o Inef ciencies o Unpredictability o Unproductive I Parkinson s Law work will expand to the time given to ll it o Dehumanizing o Irrational aspects of rational society unintended of effects 0 Ex automotive phone with customer service Religion as Capitalism 0 O Protestant Ethic and Spirit of Capitalism Religious beliefs fueled secular world I Durkheim man worships self I Marx opiate of the masses Religion is System of Meaning 0 O O O 0 Explain evil and suffering Impetus for change Legitimates order economic Rationalization of reality I No place sense of senselessness Western emissary prophecy I Follow rules of divine I Eastern was selfre ection Religious virtuosos saw selves compelled to adjust demands I Cultural rationalization I Religion is tamed and organized I Protestant Ethic 2 central foci o I Rationalization I Role of ideas shaping it o Protestantism I Follower as instruments of the Devine I Submit to the calling 0 The Calling I Must submit to it I Actively work for divine glory I How do you know if you are answering the call Wealth accumulation visible in material world Success and Pro t Wealth as con rmation Idleness and luxury discourages o Devil s work I Cultural Factors Dovetail Religious based compulsion to get wealthy Restriction on consumption I New Ethos o Capitalist ethos replaces religious ethos 0 Search for meaning search for goods I Disenchantment o Rationalization and bureaucratization over traditionalism o Capitalist economy is I Immense cosmos I Individual born in I Presents self to him 0 Iron cage I Has imprisoned us I Pursuit of lifestyle of the rich and famous 0 Most important opponent we must designate traditionalism I Man as Trustee 0 He is calling I Labor directed at accumulation O O Pragmatic Methodical I Wealth conditionally bad 0 Pursue don t spend 0 Inequality from the Devine Social Organization 0 Class I I I I 0 Status I Economic life chances Property or lack of property Class situation market situation Possession of goods and opportunities for income Styles of life andor conventions Social estimation Hierarchy intersected with class Exclusive Restricts interaction Classes own production While status groups consume goods Political or legal order Rational planning Strategic motives interests Organizations residing in sphere of power Chance of man or a number of men to realize their own will in a social action even against resistance of others Dominator exercise of authority Legitimate authority based on belief systems surrounding authority Traditional heredity right of passage 0 Obedience to person LegalRational rationality establishes law 0 Obedience to position Charismatic appeal of individual 0 Obedience to person and their gift 0 Routinezation of charisma transformation of charisma into legalrational andor traditional form
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