Chemistry Week 3 notes
Chemistry Week 3 notes CHEM-10055-003-201580
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hanna Notetaker on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CHEM-10055-003-201580 at Kent State University taught by Bansidhar Datta (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 104 views. For similar materials see MOLECULES OF LIFE in Chemistry at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
Chemistry week 3 914 2 Polyatomlc Ions o Cation NH4 ammonium ion 0 Anion C03239 carbonate ion NOg39 N0239 504239 Po4339 nitrate nitrate Sulfate Ion phosphate ion H2PO439 dihydrogen phosphate ion H2P02394 Monohydrogen phosphate CIO439 Chlorate Ion CH3COO39 Acetate from H2C03 from HN03 from HNOZ from H2504 from H3PO4 from H3PO4 from H3PO4 from HCO4 from CH3COOH Properties of ionic Compounds 0 1 Solids o 2 Soluble to be dissolved or not in water 0 water breaks ionic bonds into cations and anions 0 any metal oxide water no solution I except group 1A metals Solubility of Ionic Compounds 0 Compounds SOLUBLE in water I Any that include Na K NH4 I Nitrates N0339 I Acetates CH3COO I Most chlorides Clquot I most Sulfates 504239 not AgCl BaSO4 and PbSO4 I most carbonates I most phosphates Compounds INSOLUBLE in water I Sulfides 2quot I hydroxides OH39 I except LiOh NaOH KOH NH4 OH which are soluble in water Electronegativity I Electron affinity I hydration process I coordination the bond I hydration shell solution result or mixture solute is dissolved in something else solvent dissolves solute usually liquid solute solvent solution 916 Electrolytes and Non electrolytes dissociation happens to an ionic compound when water is added and it separates into cations and anions o if iconic compounds disassociate near 100 strong electrolyte o if iconic compounds disassociate 50 or less weak electrolyte o if iconic compounds disassociate 1 or less nonelectrolyte Electrolytes in blood 0 Cations I Na138mEqL K 5mEqL I Mg2 3mEqL Ca24mEqL o Anions I Cl39 110 mEqL HC03 30 mEqL I HPO4239 4mEqL proteins 6 mEqL Electrolyte concentrations in solutions 0 Saline solution 89 154 mEqL I Treats fluid loss 0 KCI 5 dextrose40 mEqL I Treats malnutrition and low potassium o Ringers Solution Na 147 mEqL I Treats dehydration by replacing fluids an electrolyte Applications in health 0 Mineralocorticoid hormone that controls ion homeostasis 0 Pumps amp channels controls movement of ions coming inside and outside of the cell and compartments inside of the cell I Examples of pumps NaK pumppresent in all tissues Ca2H1 pumpbones Osmosis o Movement of solvent molecules through semi permeable membrane from high to low concentration 0 osmotic pressure pressure applied during osmosis osmolality o RBC s I Isotonic cell and solutions equal normal I Hypotonic more cells less solution swollen sell I Hypertonic less cell more solute cell shrinks o Kidneys I Kidneys use osmosis I Blood comes in osmosis and comes out clean I Kidney failure dialysis artificial pump to cleanfilter blood
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