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Week 4 Notes

by: Jordana Baraad

Week 4 Notes PY 370

Jordana Baraad
GPA 3.9
History and Systems
Dr. Steele

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About this Document

History and Systems
Dr. Steele
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordana Baraad on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PY 370 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Steele in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see History and Systems in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 09/17/15
Week 4 Notes 914 m Study of meaning of bumps and indentations of the skull Phrenology Belief in magnetic fluid that circulates the body Mesmerism Physiological Advances Physiology study of the function of living organisms and their anatomy 1 Golgistaining 2 Speed of nerve impulses Golgi Staining 1 Technique discovered by Italian physicist Camillo Golgi Named method after himself Won Nobel Prize Can currently purchase kit to do this process at home Golgi staining visualization of nerve tissue under light microscopy using stain Looked at individual cells Can visualize neuron structure Can observe different tissue densities Herman von Helmholtz Physiologist developer of thermodynamic theory Determined speed of nerve impulse Observed that electrocuting dead frog caused leg movement Wanted to measure calculate the electrical impulse Previous literature listed nerve impulse speed as 11 million mi sec Herman von Helmholtz cont Seemed unrealistically fast Von Helmholtz s research clocked impulse at 90 feet sec First measurement of factor related to cognition human behavior IMPORTANT 1St link of psychology to science and objective measurement Psychologists Goal recognition as independent discipline Wanted to be regarded as its own branch of science Worthy of lab space and research funding Not lumped in with philosophy Lots of resistance Not classified as quothard science lingering quotpseudosciencequot reputation Shortage of students lack of general public interest William Wundt William Wundt quotfather of experimental psychology a Scientific method in psych b 1St psych lab c established psych as independent specialty d mentorship model Student of von Helmholtz pre med Von Helmholtz trains Wundt in scientific method Becomes psychologist a 1St to attempt to use true scientific method to understand behavior b Earns 1St designated lab space for study of cognition Leipzig Germany 1879 IMPORTANT MILESTONE Location convenience establishment Scientific status and acknowledgment 5 rooms visual audio signals to measure reaction time Considered by some to mark separation from philosophy as a discipline c established psychology as independent specialty created more respectable reputation for practitioners researchers d mentoring model mentored roughly 180 students students encouraged to mentor quotdomino effect 50k published pages Key contribution introspection experimental selfobservation self reflection process quotHow do you feel about that qualitative information on reaction to stimuli environment all sensations open ended responses varied widely amongst participants didn t know any other way to measure responses not considered valid today bc several problems subjective responses sometimes opposite responses to same stimulus not observable or scientific Frame of Reference 5000 BC first evaluation of how to govern and determine normalcy of human behavior Mesopotamia 1879 15t psych lab HUGE time gap Foundations of Psychology Goal knowledge of human mind NOT quothelping people treatment therapy etc 916 Stanley Hall Grew up poor on MA farm saved money to study under Wundt in Germany Returned to US to practice psych at John Hopkins John Hopkins became 1St US university to have a psych lab Made legitimate psychology not pseudoscience a topic of interest in the US Created American Psychologist Association APA Able to influence direction of psych field Founded American Journal of Psychology Became president of Clark university Interest in children 9 Child study movement Goal learn how children learn observe the world quotchildren are the future administered MANY questionnaires to parents teachers etc harvested vast amount of data on all kinds of info emphasized importance of adolescence 1St time quoton the map not just young kids important formative time make or break why more bad decisions New Areas of Psych developed largely with Hall s influence Educational psychology When should concepts be introduced Developmental psychology What stage of development has a person achieved Edward Titchner English biologist studied cells Reading Wundt s work inspired him to study under Wundt in Germany like Hall continued Wundt s mentor model taught Wundt s method to Edwin Boring tasked Boring to write first history of psychology textbook carried on Wundt s introspection studies developed structuralism analysis of components individual elements of the brain How do they correlate to complex experiences and behavior 1St school of thought in psychology introspection to determine brain structure look deep within detailed account of subjective experience pushback lost traction when Titchner died not very scientific quantifiable American Psychology Association APA Founded developed by Hall Public affirmation of legitimacy of psychology Important opportunities to meet other psychologist collaborate discuss Goal promote psych as a science Collaboration 9 progress in the field Initial meetings had humble start 31 in attendance 1 3 membership fee Hotels not interested in hosting Hosted at universities over holidays psychologists stayed in student dorms APA Today Over 100000 members in 54 divisions 35 membership created on writing style guidelines producers of Psychlnfo current scandal sole accreditation authority grad training programs can deny or revoke licensure


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