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Soc 205 Week 5 Notes

by: Angelina Notetaker

Soc 205 Week 5 Notes Soc 205 002

Angelina Notetaker
GPA 3.7
Crime, Public Policy, and the Criminal Justice System
Maria B. Velez

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About this Document

The topic for this week of notes are a review of notes from week four about Victimization Surveys and the limitation they have. We learned about the differences of Substantive and Methodological re...
Crime, Public Policy, and the Criminal Justice System
Maria B. Velez
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angelina Notetaker on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 205 002 at University of New Mexico taught by Maria B. Velez in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see Crime, Public Policy, and the Criminal Justice System in Sociology at University of New Mexico.


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Date Created: 09/17/15
Soc 205 Week 5 Notes Review from week 4 notes Victimization Surveys 0 Interviews typically given to the head of the household 0 Limitations 0 Men more likely to be victims because household crimes more likely to be assigned to men 0 More recent crimes more likely to be reported ie telescoping 0 Crimes against interviewee more likely to be reported than others in the household Collegeeducated respondents reported more incidents O The poor are more likely to be more victimized the people of higher power and we know this because of the data that has been shown on the likelihood of the poor being robbed 0 What are the two differences in Substantive Reasons and Methodological Reasons 0 Substantive Reason is defined as a real trend that is happening now in our society 0 Example would be better policing which may help keep crime rates down better security which can also bring crime down incarceration and more jobs which lead to less motivation to do crime 0 Depending on the graph being used to show trends in crime you could use the idea of over reporting 0 Methodological reasons is defined as why a trend is happening in our society 0 Example the lost of trust in the government which means less people reporting to the police When the police are not informed about incidents that happen then they cannot report it to the UCR Also the police could have a shift in priorities for crime 0 When there is less reporting by the police it could have a negative effect on the data that could make people believe that the crime rate is going down when it really is not National IncidentB ased Reporting System 0 Objectives 0 What is the NIBRS O Strengths O Weaknesses 0 NIBRS 0 Designed to address hierarchy rule in the UCR I Refers to the process of a multiple offense situation only the most serious offense in the series is reported all others are ignored I ie house burglary or robbery O Developed as a phase in program 0 The UCR only looks at the more serious crimes but over looks less serious crimes which can be a factor of steps that lead to more serious crime over time 0 Example UCR data is more focused on upper level crime Look at graph Level 1 Level Level Incident Types 0 UCR I 8 with arson Part 1 Offenses crimes known to the police I 20 Part 2 Offenses arrest data 0 NIBRS I 46 Group A offenses over 22 categories I 11 Group B offenses offenses that produced arrests Unit of Analvsis The level of each observation in our data set Examples individual county city state country 0 For the NIBRS researchers are not studying the individual in a crime but more the incident that has happened in the crime 0 For NIBRS it is the incident that can be aggregated to macro unit ie city aggregate of incidents of a particular offense or to individual ie multiple incidents for one offender Problems with NIBRS O Unreported Crimes I Along the same lines of other official data the NIBRS go off crimes that have been reported to the police which can lead to under reporting of crime Complex TimeConsuming Reliability and Accuracy Adoption and Coverage I Lack of Coverage I Smaller states and agencies more likely to comply nation s largest cities OOOO slow to comply I Testing Phase I New Mexico Since 1996 I Approximately 29 of the population is covered by NIBRS reporting representing 27 of the nations reported crime sand 43 of law enforcement agencies Adoption and Coverage I Reasons to not adopt NIBRS 0 Uncertain of benefits 0 Incident forms too time consuming 0 In ated Crime Rates 39 Unknown level of Measurement Error 0 When it comes to adding up crime rate there can be a problem because taking into account more serious crimes and not less serious crimes can have a negative effect on the grand total of crime rates in which crime seems to be going down but actually it is not Discussion Questions Are the advantages of NIBRS worth all of the disadvantages 0 Yes because UCR definition of crime can be different from other data The more data we have the more helpful it can be to understanding crime rates and trends Is UCR and NCVS data good enough 0 Summary The UCR is already doing what it is step up to do which is create data on crime based on the reports that are known to the police Advantages 0 000000 IncidentLevel Data Victimless Crimes Data on young persons Broad range of offense categories Nonhousehold individuals VictimOffender Relationships NIBRS can also inform us on the people who were involved in crimes that happened Disadvantages 0 00000 0 Only records crimes reported to police Reporting burden on local agencies Differential Organizational Incentives Too Complex Slow Adoption NIBRS is still official data which can be a negative effect because it cannot look past official crime data levels which is mostly based on policing reporting NIBRS cannot take over or replace NCVS but it can improve the data for it End of Week 5 notes Important There is a test this Friday 918 0 Also Week 6 Notes will hopefully be upload by next Friday or Saturday at the latest Thank you for using Studysoup Test Review 0 According to NCVS data approximately What percentage of crime is not reported to the police describe two major reasons Victims give for not reporting an incident 0 50 maybe only half 0 One reason can be that people like to keep some crimes private 0 Another reason can be that the crime wasn39t fully done so there was no reason to report 0 Teacher thoughts 0 NCVS is the reason for Why we know that only half of the people that are Victims of crime do not report the crime 0 Trust in the police can also affect people reporting 0 No evidence 0 The stole items are returned and so there is no point in reporting 0 What can qualitative research help us understand about crime that quantitative research cannot O Qualitative is the quality of a person like their personal characteristics 0 Quantitative is the quantity of the whole country like how much or stats 0 Teacher thoughts 0 Qualitative can help us see the relationship between the Victim and offender 0 Researchers need to go in the field to get real life research 0 It is more on meaning of the underline reason and the feeling for Why crime happens 0 What can qualitative research help us understand that qualitative research cannot 0 Teacher thoughts 0 Cannot generalized on groups but researchers can compare them 0 Can UCR and SelfReport data be compared Why or Why not 0 Teacher thoughts 0 No because not all police offices report and the definition can be different from state to state Also definition can be different between the UCR and Self Report UCR data is from police reports that are turned over to the FBI 0 SelfReport is more focused on individuals in society and how they face cr1me 0 They use surveys which affect Selfreport data 0 People are more Willing to give their personal information but only if researchers offer to keep all information private 0 Can they still work together How 0 Can still work together and see the trend or reporting and not reporting of crimes 0 An example would be people who live in low class areas report less then higher class areas which is based from data found 0 Victimization Surveys 0 Response to the limits of Official Crime Data 0 Official Crime Data is based off police reporting 0 Victimization Surveys look at not only reported crime but also crimes that were not reported to the police 0 UCR problems are based on the definition crimes and it is voluntary of the police to give their reports to the FBI 0 What is the difference between NIBRS and UCR O NIBRS counts the lower crime and gives researcher more information on crime 0 UCR is quantitative counts higher levels of crime and is more important 0 But they both have some things that are the same like the fact that they both use Official Data 39 Quantitative Research Aims to find statistical patterns or trends in a population based on a sample 39 Qualitative Research Aims to find indepth understanding of a social issue Focuses on nuances of behavior or experiences 0 Overall trend is that crime has been going down since the 70s 0 Two Schools of Criminology 0 Classical School of Criminology Used in the United States 0 Crime is a result of rational calculation that weighs the cost pain and benefit pleasure of committing the act 0 Positive School of Criminology Used in other countries 0 Positivists see human behavior as a function of internal or external forces that are often beyond individual control 0 The Sociological Perspective 0 Lives are shaped by our environment sociologists see general social patterns in the behavior of individuals 0 External Validity whether results can be generalized to other populations 0 Internal Validity whether measure is accurately measuring what we think it is End of Review


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