Behavioral Ecology BIOL 116 - 001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Laura Notetaker on Friday September 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 116 - 001 at State University of New York at Potsdam taught by William L Romey in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY-LEC in Biology at State University of New York at Potsdam.
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Date Created: 09/18/15
91415 Behavioral Ecology Chapter 3 Economic Decisions Marqinal Value Theorem MVT Film Canister Game How long to stay in a food patch and how many food pieces to pick up What are fitness benefits and costs Common units Loading curves Diminishing Returns and Tangents Numerical Solutions vs Graphical Solutions Optimal Foraqinq Theorv OFT Helps predict how an animal behaves when it s searching for food Helps predict the best strategy that an animal can use to achieve this goal Two ways of thinking about it Optimal Ratio Benefits Cost Net Fitness Benefits Costs What is a common fitness currency Good theories should be ejectable reflect reality and make predictions OFT Problem Which should a bear eat Blueberries Honey Energy 25 cal Energy 100 Handling 3 cal Handling 2 Encounter 75 per hour Encounter 5 OFT Formula e energy calories encounter rate food per hour h handling time calories lost Know the difference between marginal graphs and optimal formula foraging theory Foraging steps for whales Stalking observing the seal Timing of wave Swimming close to shore Leaving shore Steps to Hunting 1 Detect 2 Attack 3 Capture 4 Consume 91415 Behavioral Ecology Chapter 3 Balanced Optimization Can you balance feeding amp predator avoidance at the same time Optimize Foraging Balancing these two things Optimize Safety depends on individual differences Search Image Central Place Foraging Osprey Spiders builds webs to catch food Stabilimentum Helps to capture more insects Geophagy Animals like to eat dirt Clay gives calcium potassium Zooloqical Parks Who organized Zoos historically and why 1Royalty 2 Demonstrate Power Dominance 3 Far Reach of their Empires Romans Chinese British Sea Captains 4 Stamp Collection Zoosnumber more important than quality of life Chinese bringing a giraffe back from Africa Mandate of Modern Zoos Educate the Public Entertain the Public amp make Profit Quality of exhibit over quantity of species size amp habitat groupings Preserve threatened species BreeCl and release threatened species How does Animal Behavior Theorv help Zoos Enriehment putting in toys or making the animals work for food Presentation amp types of food Regular vs random food Group Size Seeial Stimuquot things in the wildpredator noise 91415 Behavioral Ecology How big of an areapen needed 3 Kinds of Zoo illustrated in Australia Adelaide Zoo Animals oaged people roam Monarto Animal Park Square mues Animals roam people enclosed Cleland Wildlife Park People amp animal intermingle Chapter 3
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