Week 3- The Roman Empire
Week 3- The Roman Empire ST 150 - 20
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah Tipton on Friday September 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ST 150 - 20 at Ball State University taught by John Stanley Marsh (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 76 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 09/18/15
917 Historical Fact not necessarily true not necessarily proven something commonly accepted information among historians Some historical facts are grey wherewhowhen was involved and some historical facts are later changed Historical Interpretation a conclusion or an opinion based on historical facts ex Why we did things Historical fact that the Roman Empire fell Why it fell when no one could compete against them interpretation Economic taxes government moral decline family structure fell etc Primary Source historians view as the original source of history rsthand account of that time in history essentially any rsthand information Ex code of Hammurabi law book eyewitness account diary of a soldier The Roman Empire When you think of ancient Rome Julius Caesar Gods Gladiators Aqueducts looser morality Roman Empire etc set aside notions to understand how Rome began Rome begins as a city state and is controlled by Etruscan King who is overthrown in 509 BC Rome evolves as a Republic not quite to a Democracy citizens develop some say so in their government Roman Republic Tribal Assemblies voting districts 0 Adult male plebeians common Roman Citizens 0 Vote on proposed bills from government officials 0 Elect some officials Senate 0 Apt patricians upper class 0 Not elected selfappointing body from the patrician class 0 Receive foreign ambassadors 0 Approve any expenditures from the treasury control the moneycontro the power About 300 members who serve for life Consuls 2 both have to agree to take action Carry out the laws Executives with a term of of ce 1 elected by tribal assemblies 1 appointed by senate During war time one consul could be appointed dictator for 6 months then system reverts to traditional structure 0 000000 o 10 Tribunes 0 Viewed as being so important to citizens so sacred they could not be touched because they need to be preserved o Elected by the plebeians for 1 year terms 0 Veto powergt to protect common citizens o A voice for the people 5 P Q R the senate and the roman people statement meaning they govern together 0 Family Structure 0 Sacred starting point for society itself 0 Emphasized importance of character chastity good values honesty patriotism strict morality o Emphasis on duty to Rome participate vote serve Military 0 Citizen soldiers serves without pay provides his own weaponry and food 0 Romans did NOT elect their of cers patricians were appointed 0 Romans put emphasis on training regularly o Patrician males expected to know how to control and command tactics of a military 0 Romans often outnumbered winning because of superior training Fight to preserve independence control over canals gradually conquer their neighbors 264 BC Romans have conquered the Italian Peninsula if people behaved romans were lenient Taxed put officials in power a stable base of allies rather than conquered enemies Interest to eastern Mediterranean and wester Mediterranean 0 Fight 3 wars with Carthage for control Punic Warsfouoht between Rome and Carthage o In the second war the Romans get a scare that last years Hannibal of Carthage shows up in Italy and destroys Romans which doesn39t happen often 0 Hannibal occupies Italy and the Romans live in fear Hannibal never knocks out Rome 0 The third Punic War 146 BC Rome destroys Carthage nished conquest of Hellenistic states complete rule over Mediterranean World GrecoRoman Culture 146BC Romans busy ghting each other for power civil wars a lot of wealth and power to ght over 0 Some build armies around them for protection 0 Some try to gain power through assemblies 0 Roman republic not functioning as it once did 0 Ex Tribune slaughtered in daylight can t traditionally be touched Julius Cesare Assassinated by fellow senators made it clear he was in power Notorious Octavian Cesar Augustus The Roman Empire 0 Great nephew of Cesare Gets control of Rome and stays in power for about 40 years and reforms the Roman government from dysfunctional Roman Republic to an Empire First Roman Emperor Very politically savvy didn39t aunt his power 0 Took title of rst citizen Princep 0 Senate still meets Octavian added ideas 0 Later opens up about his power 0 Senate names him Cesar Augustus quotVenerable During Augusts39 Rule he reforms the of ces to work for the Empire 0 Reduces corruption Reforms the Roman Army to a professional paid army bonuses retirement plan Building harbors coiseums Simpy reforms gov39t army constructs so Rome is now and Empire Roman Empire now at peace internally but expanding boarders peace continues on for about 2 centuries quotPax Romanaquot the great peace of Rome 0 Taxes relatively low continual conquest a lot of trade plenty of wealth 0 Time of economic mobilitv RARELY is that way Traian39s Column Trajan one of the 5 good emperors Column depicts conquests Under Pax Romana Legal System 0 Roman justice not perfectly fair 0 Women had some rights 0 In theory right to hearing and justice in court Economy Life Relatively stable currency Safe travel Fresh water in the cities through aqueducts Most water through pipes under the ground to fountains of fresh water Built coliseums gladiator battles mock naval battles entertainment and theaters Free citizens good life 0 For conquered slaves Rome is not an easy going life 0 Some cases people were happy to be ruled by Romans less taxes easier rule 0 Others felt the oppression of tyranny Religion Polytheistic Gods take fairly active role in life 0 Of cial state religion became fairly stale Basically made into a bureaucratic institution 0 Despite statues temples ceremonies many people did not think it was very ful lling 0 People begin to search for other ideas and concept religious ideasconceptsstories prevalent throughout the empire lsis Goddess originally from Egypt 0 Worship of Isis viewed as a mother gure Sabazius originally from eastern part of Roman Empire 0 Combined with roman view of Dionysus god of wine Mithra originally a Persian god 0 Worship popular amongst soldiers 0 Viewed as a savior god who saved humanity 0 Made a sacri ce for humanity o Worshippers met in small congregations code of ethics ate a sacred communal meal regularly to join you were baptized o Believers promised eternal life after death 0 Celebrated birth of Mithra December 25 Rome ruthless to those they conquered that did not listen to them Romans borrow a lot from the Greeks like architecture style Romans invented concrete Romans cast concrete domes with a hole at the top to let in light and also equal force around a ring Romans adopt Greek science theatre literature but Romanize each