Week 4 Notes
Popular in Psych Childhood and Adolescence
Popular in Psychlogy
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney Shields on Friday September 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 280 at Kansas State University taught by Mark Barnett in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Psych Childhood and Adolescence in Psychlogy at Kansas State University.
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Date Created: 09/18/15
Week 4 Notes Kagan s research on visual attention amp familiarity 6 months old Will be visually drawn to stimuli that are moderately discrepant from existing schemata If it is too discrepant 9 they might get upset Change in image schemata 9 too discrepant Motor amp Physical Development Cautious concerning norms Potential correlates of physical motor development Intelligence Infant s physical stature Importance of maturations Studies of the effect of severe deprivation e g observations by Dennis Classic studies of infants raised in deprived environment e g observations by Dennis of infants raised in Iranian institutions More Social Aspects of Infancy Early studies on mother infant interactions 9 deprived fathers unidirectional need to be mutual Individual differences in infancy temperament Thomas Chess Birch Ex activity level reactivity rhythmicity sociability Role of parent s expectations Potential problems When infant does not match parent s expectations Examining the dynamic relation between parent amp infant With regard to two simple behaviors SMILING Parents can in uence rate of infant s smile Infant s smile can effect parents CRYING Need to distinguish between manipulative cry in older infants amp needemergency cry youngold infants Study of manipulative cry in hospitalized infants amp toddlers Implications within the home Does prompt responding early needemergency cry also serve to increase crying in infant Studies show it has the opposite effect 9 prompt responding lessens the crying in time longer responding shows to increase the crying over time Erikson s trust vs mistrust Attachment Classical conditioning Babies show stranger anxiety after 6 months 9 they can recognize the schema after 6 months but too young to explain it Harlow s research with infant s rhesus monkeys Contact Conditions Bowlby s view of attachment Relation to Lorenz s notion of imprinting in goslings Issue Critical period vs Sensitive period Additional observations concerning attachment Internal depression Ainsworth Strange Situation as a measure of the quality of attachment description Secure amp 3 insecure patterns Secure Avoidant Resistant DisorganizedDisoriented Alternative QShort Measure Eyetoeye contact is an Index of healthy parentsinfant relation Interactional Synchrony Disrupts by maternal depression Antecedents of secure vs insecure attachment Parent s sensitivityresponsiveness to infant Maternal depression Infant s temperament Easy vs difficult temperament sociability Relation between security if early attachment amp later social relations Peer relations in childhood Notion of a mental model m relations too Final Issue Separation anxiety at about 6 months amp separating from infanttoddler In uence of social referencing
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