Week 3 of Notes
Week 3 of Notes SOC 323
Popular in Racism and Inequality
Popular in Sociology
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Date Created: 03/10/16
February 4—Lecture 4 Scientific Racism Science is a systematic attempt to produce knowledge about the world. Scientific findings carry more validity than opinions that are based on casual observations. Scientific racism refers to using science to prove the innate racial inferiority of some groups and the superiority of others. Example: Drape Tomania o Pertained to black/slaves who ran away o If a slave ran away from the plantations than the slave was mentally ill Eugenics Movements: Eugenics, refers to the movement/science geared toward improving society’s population by controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable heritable characteristics o Prevent the poor and racial minorities from having children Antimiscenegation laws emerged in many states o Policies still have this ideas up to the 1970’s o Example: forced sterilization Race and the Human Genome Project o The human genome—the genetic sequence of the human species o There is potential to find cures for existing, diseases, genetic disorders, and to prevent future illness. o Scientists fear that interest in 0.01% of human difference can lead to scientific racism. o The debate is that percentage falls along racial differences o Genetic ancestry research re-biologize race and encourage genetic explanations o Example: G11 drug; only works on “black” people Sociology of Race o Sociology has traditionally been composed of 3 theoretical perspective o Functionalist perspective: How are these working together in society (MACRO) Social order, harmony, stability, and inter- dependence Organs in a human body; need each other to survive However, diversity is problematic because it leads to conflict; bad for all social order, harmony, etc. o Conflict theory: (MACRO) Race relations are understood in terms of competition between the dominate group and subordinate groups Social conflict is not always a bad thing because it can lead to social change. o Symbolic interactionism: emphasizes small scale human interactions (MICRO) Racial identity, bi-racial identity o W.E.B. DuBois and E. Franklin Frazier: read more on them Dubois: founder of the NAACP Frazier: wrote a lot about the black family February 9, 2016—Lecture 6 Ethnicity Paradigm Relative to sociological research on ethnicity, sociolthical research on race throughout the first half of the 20 century was rare Theories of ethnicity do not translate well to the experience of racial minorities Robert Park’s Race Relations Cycle Ethnicity paradigm Four steps: contact—competition—accommodation (ethnic stratification)—assimilation (melting pot) o Groups do things to fit into dominant group: changing name, religion, marrying up, etc. Critique of assimilation o What is the direction of assimilation? Is assimilation Anglo- conformity rather than melting pot? Example: Speaking English, becoming more “white” o Ignores possibility of cultural pluralism Pluralism: social processes and institutions that encourage group diversity and the maintenance of group boundaries o Assumes that people will eventually become assimilated, but not the case Power, Conflict, and Stratification Theories Marxist Theories: o Racial ideologists are a way to divide the working class; can understand society look at the economy (capitalistic society) Capitalist elite: own the stuff to create jobs; they control the system Workers: the force that gets a wage from the capitalistic elite o Split Labor Market Theory: The high and low wage workers: Low wage workers are mainly ethnic and racial groups; fought for unions o Yet, only benefited white man High wage workers enforce laws to keep them superior Example: Internal colonialism theory Colonialism can take place within one country Racial/ethnic minorities subordinated by white Americans for economic gain Immigrant minorities vs. colonized minorities Current Research into the Sociology of Race Symbolic interactionism on racial/ethnic identity Racial formation theory: o Omi and Winant: Meaning and implications of race are always historically situated; it is fluid Slavery help create racial categories Racialized social systems theory: o Bonilla-Silva: Moves from a focus on just prejudice to a structural understanding of racism White Racial Frame: o World view; frame=way of seeing the world o We are blinded by what is actually considered racists o Example: Confederate Flag Critical Race Theory: o Question the neutrality of our institutions; not actually equal Example: education system, policing, etc. o Diversity Ideology: Notions of diversity have been co-opted by institutions Example: schools and corporations