CJ 355 Criminalistics: Drugs
CJ 355 Criminalistics: Drugs CJ 355
U of L
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Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by George Maxwell Miller on Thursday March 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 355 at University of Louisville taught by Cassandra Rausch in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Criminalistics in Criminology and Criminal Justice at University of Louisville.
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Date Created: 03/10/16
CJ 355 Criminalistics: Drugs 3/10/16 10:54 AM Schedule I • High potential for abuse • No currently accepted medical use in treatment • Lack of accepted safety for the use of the drug or other substance under medical supervision Schedule II • High potential for abuse • Currently accepted medical use in treatment, or currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions • Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence Schedule III • Potential for abuse is less than the other drugs • Currently accepted medical use in treatment, or currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions • Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence Schedule IV • Low potential for abuse relative to the drugs or other substances in III • Currently accepted medical use in treatment • Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs or other substances in III Schedule V • Low potential for abuse relative to the drugs or other substances in IV • Currently accepted medical use in treatment • Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs or other substances in IV OPIATES: Opium • Blackish-Brown, Sticky substance similar to resin • Usually smoked, strong and pungent odor • User appears sleepy and relaxed • Raw opium is the source of morphine, heroin, and codeine Morphine • One of the most effective painkillers known to man • Tablet, capsule, and liquid forms with no distinguishing odor • Typically injected when used in medical setting, but distributed in pill form on the streets • User feels euphoric and appears sleepy, relaxed, with contracted pupils Heroin • Extreme physical and psychological dependence • Odorless, crystalline white powder • Typically injected, but also smoked, and trending towards insufflation (snorting) • Sold in glassine paper packets, aluminum foil, or capsules • The darker the substance, the more impurities (“cut”, or “chiva”) that the drug contains; most heroin is 20-80% pure • User feels extreme euphoria and appears sleepy and relaxed, pupils typically constrict • Street names: Boy, China white, Black tar, dope, H, smack Codeine • Typically used in cough medications or for treatment of moderate pain, and mixed with acetaminophen • Tablets and liquid forms with no distinguishing color • Found in both forms on the street • Also found in a popular concoction known as “drank”, “purple drank”, “texas tea”, or “lean” OxyContin • Typically prescribed for cancer patients • Active ingredients: oxycodone • Tablets are either ingested or crushed and then snorted or injected • User feels euphoria, reduced anxiety, and appears sleepy and relaxed STIMULANTS Cocaine • Extracted from the leaves of the coca plant • Also contains local anesthetic properties • White, translucent, crystalline powder • Mostly insufflated, but also injected • Sold in tied-off bags or vials • Frequently “cut” to reduce the pure drug to 30-80% of its original potency • User feels euphoric, awake, excitable, overconfident, will often have extremely dilated pupils, god-complex, hyper sexuality • Street names: White girl, snow, blow, fishscale, fire, Christy Freebasing • Process of using ether to take out the “cut” • Cocaine in this form is typically smoked Crack cocaine • Heated mixture that results in a more concentrated drug, approximately 5-10 times more potent than powder cocaine • Usually smoked • Cheaper than powder cocaine Amphetamines • Amphetamine, dextroamphetamine, and methamphetamine are so closely related chemically that they can only be differentiated in a lab • Typically found in pill form; e.g. Ritalin, Adderall • Commonly used to combat the symptoms of ADD or ADHD, narcolepsy, or provide appetite control • User feels awake and has hyper-alert senses, body is in a constant state of stress Crystalized meth • Made from powdered methamphetamine, often observed as a crystalline substance • Color decreased from brown to yellow to clear as impurities are removed • Mostly smoked or injected, but can be insufflated • User feels awake, hyper-alert, and overconfident, appears to be agitated and in constant movement • Street names: Crystal meth, speed, ice, glass Opiates/stimulants • Speedballing • Slang term that refers to the simultaneous ingestion of heroin and cocaine • Can be done by injected or insufflation • Overdose is much more likely, and several prominent figures have died because of this combination PCP • Various colors in powder or tablet form • Varies widely in purity • Most commonly smoked or snorted • Users feel weightless, smaller, out of touch with reality, immune to pain, and appears flushed, sweaty, and can be almost superhumanly strong • Street names: angel dust, crystal MDMA • Reduce inhibitions, promotion euphoria, produce light hallucinations, suppress the need to eat or sleep • Various colors in pill or “rock” form • Usually ingested • User have extremely dilated pupils • Street name: Ecstasy, molly, rock crystal LSD • Solution placed on lump of sugar or paper • Users have dilated pupils, may sweat excessively, rapid heart rate o Flashbacks typical among heavy users Cannabis • Street names: Pot, reefer, grass, weed, mary jane • Users experience restfulness, sense of well-being, relaxation, food cravings • Synthetic marijuana (“spice”) o Contains more chemicals and not just THC o Can cause hallucinations, increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, respiratory distress