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ANTH 320 Notes 3/8/16-3/10/16

by: Hadley Ashford

ANTH 320 Notes 3/8/16-3/10/16 ANTH 320

Hadley Ashford
GPA 3.776

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About this Document

These notes cover the end of this section of the class and the video Black Gold.
Anthropology of Development
R. Colloredo-Mansfeld
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hadley Ashford on Thursday March 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 320 at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill taught by R. Colloredo-Mansfeld in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Anthropology of Development in ANTH at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.


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Date Created: 03/10/16
ANTH 320 Notes 3/8/16-3/10/16 3/8/16 - Lesotho not classified as farmers (according to Ferguson) because don’t use agriculture as primary economic activity o Most workers are migrant laborers in mines - Cattle not classified as “non-productive” because while may not be economically productive, serve a different productive purpose (social status, relationships) - Lesotho Intervention Projects: o Range management and grazers association  Program only had 10 participants and 1,500 hectares  Didn’t work: members seen as betrayers of community o Livestock marketing  Regularly scheduled cattle auctions (taxed)  Sales don’t indicate increased economic activity or commercialization of livestock  Shows how many people are desperate for cash  Only sell cattle in emergency o Improved stock, locally produced fodder  Smaller amount of good quality animals (larger)  Need supplemental feed, produced on croplands  Didn’t work because community saw more value in quantity than quality  Fodder production took away ability to produce food on cropland - Differences in ideologies between developers and Sesotho: o Power and status  Developers primarily value technical and economic elements  Developers view Sesotho as ignorant when refuse to raise/sell cattle as commodity  Developers don’t recognize connection between mining careers, community status, and marriage roles o Women agree with developers (for most part):  Want to use earnings for immediate household needs  Argue for economic values - Reasons state don’t back development projects: o State needs political support from rural communities o State wants to encourage rural communities to stay where they are- don’t want overflow into cities o Want to increase commercial activity and capital through taxes o Want to be partners with international aid agencies o Can tolerate economic failure, but not political failure - Failures of development projects: o Potato project o Slaughterhouse o Wind power irrigation: clerical error caused failure o Water systems o Solar ovens: ovens didn’t work o Fish project: died from overfeeding - Ferguson doesn’t focus on specific success or failure o Focus on long-term effects that are actually causing change - Unintended outcomes in Lesotho: o Extension of state:  New roads connect rural to city  Government offices replace project offices  Post offices and tax offices  Military outposts  Government have a better knowledge of rural regions o Creation of technical and depoliticized state  Extension of state makes people politically passive  People don’t challenge state action  State becomes neutral instruments of execution of plans  Neutral because plans derive from facts/technical knowledge  Government becomes group of technicians to create economic growth  Perpetuated by embedded discourse of economics and need for technical expertise  State continues to promote material benefits for powerlful elites  State power/role challened by advocates of minority rights  Opposition of interests (state vs. minorities) 3/10/16 Black Gold Movie Notes: -Ethiopia= world’s largest producer of coffee -low prices for high quality coffee -coffee prices used to be regulated, but collapsed in 1989 -now very low payment for coffee producers -coffee sold for a lot of money in other countries- western world profiting off of coffee -market prices determine buying prices -Westerners are picky about bean quality -union aims to give growers more money for their work -growers need to have food for family, shelter, and clean clothes- not getting paid enough to have these -payment needs to increase 10 fold to achieve this goal -growers say only 5 fold increase would be a huge difference- able to change lives for better -grower’s children not able to attend school because they are in poverty -low payment affects entire family and entire community -problem with monoculturecommodity goods -forced to sell harmful narcotic plant (chat) instead of coffee because get higher price for it- only do it for money -difficult to farm other things (other than coffee) -other commodity farmers struggling -no subsidies for farmers like in US and other rich countries -World Trade Organization (WTO) sets rules for global trade -made up of 148 countries meet to negotiate rules -trade is more important to Africa than aid -negotiations unfair for developing countries- European Union (EU) has more delegates, negotiations made behind closed doors -Africa can’t participate in their own negotiations -Africa asks for removal of subsidies for farmers in wealthy countries -many dependent on emergency food aid -education suffering because there’s not enough money from coffee to build schoolhinders future development (vicious cycle) -Africa’s share of World Trade fallen to 1% -just 1% increase would increase revenue to $7 billion, makes huge difference


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