Week Ten Notes
Popular in Systems and Theories
Popular in Psychlogy
This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Grace Gibson on Thursday March 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 4150 at Clemson University taught by Edwin Brainerd in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Systems and Theories in Psychlogy at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 03/10/16
● when behaviorism was huge, animals were used really commonly in psychology labs ● psychology students all got animals and trained them and used them in psychology ● when psychologists began to view animals as similar to humans, behavior expanded because animal studies became one of the major areas of behaviorism ● something cool they found is that ants can’t cross a chalk line ● There was a horse raised in Germany named Hans who was raised by Wilhelm Ostein ● Ostein raised Hans like you would raise a child by talking to him constantly ● he drilled him on numbers and counting ● ostein never got any money for this ● he just put on demonstrations for free ● Hans could do addition and subtraction and other tricks ● he became a celebrity ● Thorndike said that if behavior leads to satisfaction, the SR bond will be stamped in and the behavior will be more likely to reoccur ● The Law of effect basically says that if you do something and it leads to something good, you will be likely to do that particular thing again ● e.g. if you tell your girlfriend or boyfriend how nice they look, and you get an affectionate kiss from them, this is satisfying and it makes us more likely to compliment them again ● e.g. if you put on a particular outfit you’ve been saving and several people compliment you, you are more likely to wear the outfit again ● e.g. if you ask a question in class and the professor praises you on how insightful your question is, you are more likely to ask more questions in that class ● e.g. you go to a new restaurant and the food is delicious, and you are more likely to go back to that restaurant ● this rule really exerts a controlling effect on our behavior ● it’s really a simple rule and it dictates behavior but it’s hard for people to take things seriously ● the other half of the law of effect is that if a behavior leads to a state of dissatisfaction, the SR bond will be weakened and the behavior will be less likely to reoccur ● e.g. somebody asks a question in class and the teacher criticizes them, and then they won’t ask questions in class anymore ● e.g. if you shut your hand in the car door, then you are going to be very cautious when closing doors from now on ● Thorndike predicted all these behaviors ● Thorndike had his usual problem where he was only able to demonstrate the first part of this law in the laboratory but was not able to demonstrate the second part (bad things) in the laboratory
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